Died in 1755

Jan 6 Angelo Maria Quirini an Italian Cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.
Jan 19 Jean-Pierre Christin a French physicist, mathematician, astronomer and musician. His proposal to reverse the Celsius thermometer scale was widely accepted and is still in use today
Feb 10 Montesquieu a French lawyer, man of letters, and political philosopher who lived during the Age of Enlightenment. He is famous for his articulation of the theory of separation of powers, which is implemented in many constitutions throughout the world. He did more than any other author to secure the place of the word despotism in the political lexicon, and may have been partly responsible for the popularization of the terms feudalism and Byzantine Empire
Feb 11 Francesco Scipione marchese di Maffei an Italian writer and art critic, author of many articles and plays. An antiquarian with a humanist education whose publications on Etruscan antiquities stand as incunabula of Etruscology, he engaged in running skirmishes in print with his rival in the field of antiquities, Antonio Francesco Gori
Mar 2 Louis de Rouvroy duc de Saint-Simon a French soldier, diplomat and writer of memoirs, was born in Paris. The dukedom-peerage granted to his father, Claude de Rouvroy , is a central fact in his history
Mar 6 Pier Leone Ghezzi an Italian Rococo painter and caricaturist active in Rome.
Mar 8 Stepan Krasheninnikov a Russian explorer of Siberia, naturalist and geographer who gave the first full description of Kamchatka in the early 18th century. He was elected to the Russian Academy of Sciences in 1745. The Krasheninnikov Volcano on Kamchatka is named in his honour
Apr 6 Richard Rawlinson an English clergyman and antiquarian collector of books and manuscripts, which he bequeathed to the Bodleian Library, Oxford.
Apr 30 Jean-Baptiste Oudry a French Rococo painter, engraver, and tapestry designer. He is particularly well known for his naturalistic pictures of animals and his hunt pieces depicting game
May 20 Johann Georg Gmelin a German naturalist, botanist and geographer.
May 27 Ulrich Frédéric Woldemar Comte de Lowendal a Danish, German-born French soldier and statesmen. Born in Hamburg, he served in the armies of several countries, but is best known for his service in the French army during the War of the Austrian Succession. In the French campaign in the Austrian Netherlands against the Pragmatic Army he served as a subordinate to Maurice de Saxe. He led French forces that captured Ghent in 1745 and Bergen-op-Zoom in 1747. The King of France, Louis XV, made him a Marshal of France for his success in capturing Bergen op Zoom
Jul 13 Edward Braddock also known in Europe as the Seven Years' War. He is generally best remembered for his command of a disastrous expedition against the French-occupied Ohio Country then in western Virginia or Pennsylvania in 1755, in which he lost his life
Jul 17 Marie Elisabeth Abbess of Quedlinburg Princess-Abbess of Quedlinburg from 1718 until her death.
Jul 24 Elisha Williams a Congregational minister, legislator, miltia soldier, jurist, and rector of Yale College from 1726 to 1739.
Aug 6 Augustus Louis Prince of Anhalt-Köthen a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Köthen.
Sep 8 Ephraim Williams a soldier from the Province of Massachusetts Bay who was killed in the French and Indian War. He was the benefactor of Williams College, located in northwestern Massachusetts. The school's athletic programs, the Ephs , are named after Williams
Sep 9 Johann Lorenz von Mosheim a German Lutheran church historian.
Sep 30 Francesco Durante a Neapolitan composer.
Oct 1 Louis Auguste Prince of Dombes a grandson of Louis XIV of France and of his maîtresse-en-titre Françoise-Athénaïs de Montespan. He was a member of the legitimised House of Bourbon-Maine
Oct 4 Samuel von Cocceji a German official from the Electorate of the Palatinate who served Brandenburg-Prussia. He was the son of Heinrich von Cocceji
Oct 4 Georg Christian Fürst von Lobkowitz an Austrian Generalfeldmarschall.
Oct 16 Gerard Majella C.Ss.R. was an Italian lay brother of the Congregation of the Redeemer, better known as the Redemptorists, who is honored as a saint by the Catholic Church. His intercession is sought for children, unborn children, women in childbirth, mothers, expectant mothers, motherhood, falsely accused people, good confessions, lay brothers and Muro Lucano, Italy
Oct 28 Joseph Bodin de Boismortier a French baroque composer of instrumental music, cantatas, opéra-ballets, and vocal music. Boismortier was one of the first composers to have no patrons: having obtained a royal license for engraving music in 1724, he made enormous sums of money by publishing his music for sale to the public
Nov 25 Johann Georg Pisendel a German Baroque musician, violinist and composer who, for many years, led the Court Orchestra in Dresden, then the finest instrumental ensemble in Europe.
Dec 1 Maurice Greene (composer) an English composer and organist.
Dec 8 Jean-Baptiste Stuck an Italian-French composer and cellist of the Baroque era.
Dec 15 Pierluigi Carafa an Italian cardinal from the famous Neapolitan family of Italian nobles, clergy, and men of arts. He served the papacy as Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals and as Dean of same College. He is currently buried at Sant'Andrea delle Fratte in Rome
Dec 22 Margravine Albertina Frederica of Baden-Durlach a German princess. She was the daughter of Frederick VII, Margrave of Baden-Durlach and his wife Duchess Augusta Marie of Holstein-Gottorp. She married Christian August of Holstein-Gottorp, Prince of Eutin