Died in 1756

Jan 25 Christian Vater a German organ and harpsichord builder.
Feb 1 Vakhtang Duke of Aragvi a Georgian prince of the Bagrationi dynasty. He was the first child and the eldest son of Heraclius II, then-prince of Kakheti, born of his first marriage to Ketevan née Orbeliani or, according to more recent research, Ketevan née Pkheidze
Feb 1 Princess Marie Auguste of Thurn and Taxis a Regent of Württemberg. She was a member of the Princely House of Thurn and Taxis as a daughter of Anselm Franz, 2nd Prince of Thurn and Taxis and his wife Maria Ludovika Anna Franziska, Princess of Lobkowicz. Through her marriage to Karl Alexander, Duke of Württemberg, she became Duchess consort of Württemberg
Feb 22 Pehr Löfling a Swedish botanist and an apostle of Carl Linnaeus.
Feb 25 Eliza Haywood an English writer, actress and publisher. Since the 1980s, Eliza Haywood’s literary works have been gaining in recognition and interest. Described as "prolific even by the standards of a prolific age" , Haywood wrote and published over seventy works during her lifetime including fiction, drama, translations, poetry, conduct literature and periodicals. Haywood is a significant figure of the 18th century as one of the important founders of the novel in English. Today she is studied primarily as a novelist
Mar 1 Antonio Bernacchi an Italian castrato, composer, and teacher of singing. He studied with Francesco Antonio Pistocchi. His pupils included Farinelli, for a brief period during 1727, and the tenor Anton Raaff. Nowadays Bernacchi is best remembered for his association with the composer George Frideric Handel, in six of whose operas he sang
Apr 4 Marie Sophie de Courcillon a French noblewoman and Duchess of Rohan-Rohan as well as Princess of Soubise by marriage. She was the grand daughter of Philippe de Courcillon, better known as the marquis de Dangeau. She was praised for being a cultured woman for the age and held a fashionable salon at the Hôtel de Soubise in Paris. She was painted by Nattier
Apr 10 Alivardi Khan the Nawab of Bengal during 1740–1756. He toppled the Nasiri Dynasty of the Nawabs and took powers of the Nawab. He is also one of the few Mughal-era leaders known for his victory during the Battle of Burdwan against the Maratha Empire
Apr 10 Giacomo Antonio Perti an Italian composer of the Baroque era. He was mainly active at Bologna, where he was Maestro di Cappella for sixty years. He was the teacher of Giuseppe Torelli and Giovanni Battista Martini
Apr 13 Johann Gottlieb Goldberg a German virtuoso harpsichordist, organist, and composer of the late Baroque and early Classical period. He is best known for lending his name, as the probable original performer, to the renowned Goldberg Variations of J.S. Bach
Apr 16 Jacques Cassini a French astronomer, son of the famous Italian astronomer Giovanni Domenico Cassini.
Apr 27 Şehsuvar Sultan a Serbian noblewoman who was the consort to the Ottoman Sultan Mustafa II and Valide Sultan to their son Osman III. Her resting place is located inside the Nuruosmaniye Mosque in Istanbul
May 30 Christian Ludwig II Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin the Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin from 1747 to 1756.
Jun 24 Olof Celsius a Swedish botanist, philologist and clergyman, He was a professor at Uppsala University, Sweden. Celsius was a mentor of the botanist and scientist Carolus Linnaeus. Celsius wrote his most famous book on biblical plants, Hierobotanicos, in 1745-47
Jul 1 Franciszek Maksymilian Ossoliński a Polish noble , politician, collector and patron of arts.
Jul 18 Pieter Langendijk a damask weaver, city artist, dramatist, and poet.
Jul 23 Charles-Armand de Gontaut duc de Biron a French military leader who served with distinction under Louis XIV and Louis XV, and was made a Marshal of France by the latter.
Jul 24 George Vertue an English engraver and antiquary, whose notebooks on British art of the first half of the 18th century are a valuable source for the period.
Aug 8 Princess Louise of Denmark (1726–1756) a Danish princess, the daughter of King Christian VI of Denmark and his wife Sophie Magdalene of Brandenburg-Kulmbach. Following her marriage to Ernest Frederick III, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen, she became Duchess of Saxe-Hildburghausen
Aug 28 Silvio Valenti Gonzaga an Italian nobleman and Catholic priest.
Oct 13 John Henley a preacher known for showmanship and eccentricity.
Dec 8 William Stanhope 1st Earl of Harrington a British statesman and diplomat.
Dec 11 Theodore of Corsica a German adventurer who was briefly King of Corsica. Theodore is the subject of an opera by Paisiello, Il Re Teodoro in Venezia and one of the six kings in Venice
Dec 11 Maria Amalia of Austria Holy Roman Empress, Queen of the Germans, Queen of Bohemia, Electress and Duchess of Bavaria etc. as the spouse of Charles VII, Holy Roman Emperor. By birth, she was an Archduchess of Austria as the daughter of Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor and Wilhelmine Amalia of Brunswick-Lüneburg