1758 in history

1758 events chronologically

Jan 24 During the Seven Years' War the leading burghers of Königsberg submit to Elizabeth I of Russia, thus forming Russian Prussia (until 1763)
Feb 4 Macapá is founded
May 21 Ten-year-old Mary Campbell is abducted in Pennsylvania by Lenape during the French and Indian War. She is returned six and a half years later
Jun 12 French and Indian War: Siege of Louisbourg – James Wolfe's attack at Louisbourg, Nova Scotia commences
Jun 23 Seven Years' War: Battle of Krefeld – British forces defeat French troops at Krefeld in Germany
Jun 30 Seven Years' War: The Battle of Domstadtl takes place
Jul 8 French forces hold Fort Carillon against the British at Ticonderoga, New York

Top 7 most famous people born in 1758

Apr 13 Johann von Klenau a field marshal in the Habsburg army. Klenau joined the Habsburg military as a teenager and fought in Austria's wars with the Ottoman Empire, the French Revolutionary Wars, and the Napoleonic Wars, in which he commanded a corps in several important battles
Apr 28 James Monroe the fifth President of the United States. Monroe was the last president who was a Founding Father of the United States and the last president from the Virginia dynasty and the Republican Generation. He was of French and Scottish descent. Born in Westmoreland County, Virginia, Monroe was of the planter class and fought in the American Revolutionary War. He was wounded in the Battle of Trenton with a musket ball to his shoulder. After studying law under Thomas Jefferson from 1780 to 1783, he served as a delegate in the Continental Congress. As an anti-federalist delegate to the Virginia convention that considered ratification of the United States Constitution, Monroe opposed ratification, claiming it gave too much power to the central government. He took an active part in the new government, and in 1790 he was elected to the Senate of the first United States Congress, where he joined the Jeffersonians. He gained experience as an executive as the Governor of Virginia and rose to national prominence as a diplomat in France, when he helped negotiate the Louisiana Purchase in 1803. During the War of 1812, Monroe held the critical roles of Secretary of State and the Secretary of War under President James Madison
May 6 Maximilien de Robespierre a French lawyer and politician, and one of the best-known and most influential of the radical Jacobin faction of the French Revolution that was responsible for the Reign of Terror in 1794.
Jun 5 André Masséna a French military commander during the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars.
Sep 29 Horatio Nelson 1st Viscount Nelson a British flag officer in the Royal Navy. He was noted for his inspirational leadership and superb grasp of strategy and unconventional tactics, which resulted in a number of decisive naval victories, particularly during the Napoleonic Wars. He was wounded several times in combat, losing one arm in the unsuccessful attempt to conquer Santa Cruz de Tenerife and the sight in one eye in Corsica. He was shot and killed during his final victory at the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805
Oct 11 Heinrich Wilhelm Matthias Olbers a German physician and astronomer.
Oct 16 Noah Webster an American lexicographer, textbook pioneer, English-language spelling reformer, political writer, editor, and prolific author. He has been called the "Father of American Scholarship and Education". His blue-backed speller books taught five generations of American children how to spell and read, secularizing their education. According to Ellis he gave Americans "a secular catechism to the nation-state"

Top 7 most famous people died in 1758

Mar 22 Jonathan Edwards (theologian) a Christian preacher, philosopher, and theologian. Edwards "is widely acknowledged to be America's most important and original philosophical theologian," and one of America's greatest intellectuals. Edwards's theological work is broad in scope, but he was rooted in Reformed theology, the metaphysics of theological determinism, and the Puritan heritage. Recent studies have emphasized how thoroughly Edwards grounded his life's work on conceptions of beauty, harmony, and ethical fittingness, and how central The Enlightenment was to his mindset. Edwards played a critical role in shaping the First Great Awakening, and oversaw some of the first revivals in 1733–35 at his church in Northampton, Massachusetts
May 3 Pope Benedict XIV Pope from 17 August 1740 to his death in 1758.
Aug 15 Pierre Bouguer a French mathematician, geophysicist, geodesist, and astronomer. He is also known as "the father of naval architecture"
Aug 27 Barbara of Portugal an Infanta of Portugal and later Queen of Spain as wife of Ferdinand VI of Spain.
Oct 14 Wilhelmine of Prussia Margravine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth a princess of the German Kingdom of Prussia and composer. She was the eldest daughter of Frederick William I of Prussia and Sophia Dorothea of Hanover, and granddaughter of George I of Great Britain. In 1731, she married Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth. The baroque buildings and parks built during her reign shape much of the present appearance of the town of Bayreuth, Germany
Nov 5 Hans Egede a Dano-Norwegian Lutheran missionary who launched mission efforts to Greenland, which led him to be styled the Apostle of Greenland. He established a successful mission among the Inuit and is credited with revitalizing Dano-Norwegian interest in the island after contact had been broken for hundreds of years. He founded Greenland's capital Godthåb, now known as Nuuk
Dec 5 Johann Friedrich Fasch a German violinist and composer.