Died in 1758

Jan 1 Johann Friedrich von Cronegk born at Ansbach.
Jan 7 Allan Ramsay (poet) a Scottish poet , playwright, publisher, librarian and wig-maker.
Jan 17 James Hamilton 6th Duke of Hamilton a Scottish peer.
Feb 10 Thomas Ripley (architect) an English architect.
Mar 2 Pierre Guérin de Tencin archbishop of Embrun and Lyon, and a cardinal. His sister Claudine was a spur to his career
Mar 6 Henry Vane 1st Earl of Darlington an English peer, the son of Gilbert Vane, 2nd Baron Barnard.
Mar 18 Matthew Hutton (archbishop of Canterbury) a high churchman in the Church of England, serving as Archbishop of York and Archbishop of Canterbury. He was a direct descendant of Matthew Hutton, who served as Archbishop of York in the 17th century
Mar 18 Thomas Zebrowski a Jesuit architect, mathematician, and astronomer. He was instrumental in establishing and funding the Observatory of Vilnius University. Marcin Odlanicki Poczobutt was among his students
Mar 22 Richard Leveridge an English bass singer of the London stage and a composer of baroque music, including many popular songs.
Mar 22 Jonathan Edwards (theologian) a Christian preacher, philosopher, and theologian. Edwards "is widely acknowledged to be America's most important and original philosophical theologian," and one of America's greatest intellectuals. Edwards's theological work is broad in scope, but he was rooted in Reformed theology, the metaphysics of theological determinism, and the Puritan heritage. Recent studies have emphasized how thoroughly Edwards grounded his life's work on conceptions of beauty, harmony, and ethical fittingness, and how central The Enlightenment was to his mindset. Edwards played a critical role in shaping the First Great Awakening, and oversaw some of the first revivals in 1733–35 at his church in Northampton, Massachusetts
Apr 7 Joachim Wilhelm von Brawe a German poet from Weißenfels.
Apr 18 Lorenz Heister a German anatomist, surgeon and botanist born in Frankfurt am Main.
Apr 22 Antoine de Jussieu a French naturalist.
Apr 27 Jan Francisci an organist and composer born in Neusohl, Kingdom of Hungary. In 1709, he succeeded his father as cantor there before going to Vienna in 1722. He visited J.S. Bach in Leipzig in 1725. He worked as a church musician in until 1735, when he returned to Neusohl. He remained there until his death, except for the years 1743–1748
Apr 30 François d'Agincourt a French harpsichordist, organist, and composer. He spent most of his life in Rouen, his native city, where he worked as organist of the Rouen Cathedral and of three smaller churches. Highly regarded during his lifetime, d'Agincourt was one of the organists of the royal chapel. The single surviving book of harpsichord music by him contains masterful pieces inspired by François Couperin; also extant are some 40 organ works that survive in manuscript copies
May 3 Pope Benedict XIV Pope from 17 August 1740 to his death in 1758.
May 10 Christian Gottlieb Jöcher a German academic, librarian and lexicographer.
May 28 Ernest Augustus II Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach a duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.
Jun 12 Prince Augustus William of Prussia Prince of Prussia and a brother of Frederick He was the second son of Frederick William I and Sophia Dorothea.
Jul 6 George Howe 3rd Viscount Howe a career officer and a Brigadier General in the British Army. He was described by James Wolfe as "the best officer in the British Army". He was killed in the French and Indian War in a skirmish the day before the Battle of Carillon, an ultimately disastrous attempt by the British to capture French-controlled Fort Carillon
Aug 7 Scarlat Ghica a Prince of Moldavia , and twice Prince of Wallachia. He was a member of the Ghica family
Aug 15 Pierre Bouguer a French mathematician, geophysicist, geodesist, and astronomer. He is also known as "the father of naval architecture"
Aug 17 Stepan Fyodorovich Apraksin a relative of Fyodor Apraksin, commanded the Russian armies during the Seven Years' War. He should not be confused with his son Stepan Stepanovich Apraksin, who had a notable military career in the service of Catherine the Great
Aug 27 Barbara of Portugal an Infanta of Portugal and later Queen of Spain as wife of Ferdinand VI of Spain.
Sep 30 Alberico Archinto an Italian cardinal and papal diplomat.
Oct 12 Richard Molesworth 3rd Viscount Molesworth an Anglo-Irish military officer, politician and nobleman. He served with his regiment at the Battle of Blenheim before being appointed aide-de-camp to the Duke of Marlborough during the War of the Spanish Succession. During the Battle of Ramillies Molesworth offered Marlborough his own horse after Marlborough fell from the saddle. Molesworth then recovered his master's charger and slipped away: by these actions he saved his master's life. Molesworth went on Lieutenant of the Ordnance in Ireland and was wounded at the Battle of Preston during the Jacobite rising before becoming Master-General of the Ordnance in Ireland and then Commander-in-Chief, Ireland
Oct 14 Wilhelmine of Prussia Margravine of Brandenburg-Bayreuth a princess of the German Kingdom of Prussia and composer. She was the eldest daughter of Frederick William I of Prussia and Sophia Dorothea of Hanover, and granddaughter of George I of Great Britain. In 1731, she married Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Bayreuth. The baroque buildings and parks built during her reign shape much of the present appearance of the town of Bayreuth, Germany
Oct 14 James Francis Edward Keith a Scottish soldier and Prussian field marshal. As a Jacobite he took part in a failed attempt to restore the Stuart Monarchy to Britain, before joining the Spanish and Russian armies. He ultimately came to serve in the Prussian army under Frederick the Great where he distinguished himself. He died during the Seven Years' War at the Battle of Hochkirk
Nov 5 Hans Egede a Dano-Norwegian Lutheran missionary who launched mission efforts to Greenland, which led him to be styled the Apostle of Greenland. He established a successful mission among the Inuit and is credited with revitalizing Dano-Norwegian interest in the island after contact had been broken for hundreds of years. He founded Greenland's capital Godthåb, now known as Nuuk
Nov 12 Nicola Michetti an Italian architect, active in a late-Baroque style in mostly Rome, Italy and St Petersburg, Russia.
Nov 20 Johan Helmich Roman a Swedish Baroque composer. He has been called "the father of Swedish music" or "the Swedish Handel." He was the leader of Swedish Opera through most of Swedish Opera's Age of Liberty
Nov 22 Richard Edgcumbe 1st Baron Edgcumbe an English politician.
Nov 27 Senesino a celebrated Italian contralto castrato, particularly remembered today for his long collaboration with the composer George Frideric Handel.
Dec 5 Johann Friedrich Fasch a German violinist and composer.
Dec 13 Noël Doiron a leader of the Acadians, renown for the decisions he made during the Deportation of the Acadians. Doiron was deported on a vessel named the Duke William. The sinking of the Duke William was one of the worst marine disasters in Canadian history. The captain of the Duke William, William Nichols, described Noel Doiron as the "head prisoner" on board the ship and as the "father" to all the Acadians on Ile Jean
Dec 16 Andrzej Stanisław Załuski a priest in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
Dec 25 James Hervey an English clergyman and writer.
Dec 26 François Joseph Lagrange-Chancel a French dramatist and satirist.