Born in 1759

Jan 5 Jacques Cathelineau a French Vendéan insurrection leader during the French Revolution. His grandson, Henri de Cathelineau, was an officer in the 1870 Franco-Prussian War
Jan 15 Matsudaira Sadanobu Japanese daimyo of the mid-Edo period, famous for his financial reforms which saved the Shirakawa Domain, and the similar reforms he undertook during his tenure as chief senior councilor of the Tokugawa Shogunate, from 1787 to 1793.
Jan 21 François Baillairgé an architect who also pursued painting and wood sculpture.
Jan 25 Robert Burns a Scottish poet and lyricist. He is widely regarded as the national poet of Scotland and is celebrated worldwide. He is the best known of the poets who have written in the Scots language, although much of his writing is also in English and a light Scots dialect, accessible to an audience beyond Scotland. He also wrote in standard English, and in these writings his political or civil commentary is often at its bluntest
Jan 26 James Maitland 8th Earl of Lauderdale Keeper of the Great Seal of Scotland and a representative peer for Scotland in the House of Lords.
Jan 29 Louis Augustin Guillaume Bosc a French botanist, invertebrate zoologist, and entomologist.
Jan 31 François Devienne a French composer and professor for flute at the Paris Conservatory.
Feb 3 Johann Maria Philipp Frimont an Austrian general.
Feb 6 Adrien Duport a French politician, and lawyer.
Feb 14 Franz de Paula Adam von Waldstein an Austrian soldier, explorer and naturalist.
Feb 15 Friedrich August Wolf a German philologist and critic.
Feb 20 Johann Christian Reil a German physician, physiologist, anatomist and psychiatrist. He coined the term psychiatry or, in German, Psychiatrie in 1808
Feb 26 Ludwig Heinrich von Jakob a German philosopher, political scientist and economist. During the French occupation of Germany, he worked as a consultant and professor in Russia
Mar 22 Hedvig Elisabeth Charlotte of Holstein-Gottorp Queen of Sweden and Norway as the wife of King Charles XIII and She was also a famed diarist, memoirist and witticist. She is generally known in Sweden by her full pen name in Swedish , though her official name as queen was Charlotte
Apr 1 José de Bustamante y Guerra a Spanish naval officer, explorer, and politician. He was a native of Corvera de Toranzo in Cantabria, Spain
Apr 4 Christian Leberecht Vogel a German painter, draughtsman and writer on art theory. His pupils included Louise Seidler, and he was the father of the court painter and art professor Carl Christian Vogel
Apr 13 Maximilian Hereditary Prince of Saxony German prince and a member of the House of Wettin.
Apr 18 Jacques Widerkehr an Alsatian composer and cellist of the classical era. He was born in Strasbourg in 1759 and began his career as a freelance cellist in Paris in 1783. His oboe sonatas were composed around 1794
Apr 18 Thomas Thorild a Swedish poet, critic, feminist and philosopher.
Apr 19 August Wilhelm Iffland a German actor and dramatic author.
Apr 23 Dominique-Georges-Frédéric Dufour de Pradt a French clergyman and ambassador.
Apr 27 Mary Wollstonecraft an eighteenth-century English writer, philosopher, and advocate of women's rights. During her brief career, she wrote novels, treatises, a travel narrative, a history of the French Revolution, a conduct book, and a children's book. Wollstonecraft is best known for A Vindication of the Rights of Woman , in which she argues that women are not naturally inferior to men, but appear to be only because they lack education. She suggests that both men and women should be treated as rational beings and imagines a social order founded on reason
Apr 27 Carl Johan Adlercreutz a Swedish general and statesman, born in Borga, Finland on family estates. Entering the Swedish army aged 13 in the Finnish Light Cavalry Brigade, he was present when Gustav III launched his coup-d’etat. He studied military theory in Stockholm
May 6 François Andrieux a French man of letters and playwright.
May 7 François-Auguste Parseval-Grandmaison a French poet. He was the eleventh occupant of the Académie française seat 1 in 1811. He is buried in Pere-Lachaise Cemetery in Paris
May 10 Thomas Blount (statesman) an American Revolutionary War veteran and statesman from the state of North Carolina.
May 11 Hieronim Wincenty Radziwiłł a Polish-Lithuanian nobleman and Knight of the Order of the White Eagle, awarded in 1780.
May 13 Elizabeth Cavendish Duchess of Devonshire best known as an early woman novelist and as the close friend of Georgiana Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire. Elizabeth supplanted the Duchess, gaining the Duke's affections and later marrying him
May 14 Aloys I Prince of Liechtenstein the Prince of Liechtenstein from 1781 until his death. He was the third son of Franz Josef I
May 15 Maria Theresia von Paradis an Austrian music performer and composer who lost her sight at an early age, and for whom Mozart may have written his Piano Concerto 18 in B flat major.
May 20 William Thornton a British-American physician, inventor, painter and architect who designed the United States Capitol, an authentic polymath. He also served as the first Architect of the Capitol and first Superintendent of the United States Patent Office
May 21 Joseph Fouché often translated as Duke of Otranto.
May 24 Wilhelm Friedrich Ernst Bach the eldest son of Johann Christoph Friedrich Bach and the only grandson of Johann Sebastian Bach to gain fame as a composer. He was music director to Frederick William II of Prussia. He said, "Heredity can tend to run out of ideas."
May 28 William Pitt the Younger a British politician of the late 18th and early 19th centuries. He became the youngest Prime Minister in 1783 at the age of 24. He left office in 1801, but was Prime Minister again from 1804 until his death in 1806. He was also the Chancellor of the Exchequer throughout his premiership. He is known as "the Younger" to distinguish him from his father, William Pitt the Elder, who had previously served as Prime Minister
Jun 21 Alexander J. Dallas (statesman) an American statesman who served as the U.S. Treasury Secretary under President James Madison
Jul 10 Pierre-Joseph Redouté a painter and botanist from the Southern Netherlands, known for his watercolours of roses, lilies and other flowers at Malmaison. He was nicknamed "The Raphael of flowers"
Jul 19 Marianna Auenbrugger an Austrian pianist and composer.
Jul 24 Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia the Duke of Savoy and King of Sardinia.
Aug 9 Johann Christoph Friedrich GutsMuths especially known for his role in the development of physical education. He is thought of as the "grandfather of gymnastics" – the "father" being Turnvater Jahn. GutsMuths introduced systematic physical exercise into the school curriculum, and he developed the basic principles of artistic gymnastics
Aug 12 Thomas Andrew Knight Coordinates: 52°22′01″N 2°49′01″W / 52.367°N 2.817°W / 52.367; -2.817.
Aug 18 Jean Ambroise Baston de Lariboisière a general of artillery of the First French Empire. He fought in the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars and died of fatigue at Königsberg in East Prussia on 21 December 1812, during the Grand Army's retreat from Moscow
Aug 24 William Wilberforce an English politician, philanthropist, and a leader of the movement to abolish the slave trade. A native of Kingston upon Hull, Yorkshire, he began his political career in 1780, eventually becoming the independent Member of Parliament for Yorkshire. In 1785, he underwent a conversion experience and became an evangelical Christian, which resulted in major changes to his lifestyle and a lifelong concern for reform. In 1787, he came into contact with Thomas Clarkson and a group of anti-slave-trade activists, including Granville Sharp, Hannah More and Charles Middleton. They persuaded Wilberforce to take on the cause of abolition, and he soon became one of the leading English abolitionists. He headed the parliamentary campaign against the British slave trade for twenty-six years until the passage of the Slave Trade Act of 1807
Sep 15 Cornelio Saavedra a military officer and statesman from the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata. He was instrumental in the May Revolution, the first step of Argentina's independence from Spain, and was appointed president of the Primera Junta
Sep 19 William Kirby (entomologist) an English entomologist, an original member of the Linnean Society and a Fellow of the Royal Society, as well as a country priest, making him an eminent parson-naturalist. He is considered the "founder of entomology"
Sep 20 Marie-Jean Hérault de Séchelles a French judge and politician who took part in the French Revolution.
Sep 22 William Playfair a Scottish engineer and political economist, the founder of graphical methods of statistics.
Sep 23 Marie Clotilde of France a French princess who became Queen of Sardinia as Clotilda in 1796. She was the younger sister of Louis XVI of France and later the wife of Charles Emmanuel IV of Sardinia. She was politically active and acted as the de facto first minister of her spouse during his reign
Sep 26 Ludwig Yorck von Wartenburg a Prussian Generalfeldmarschall instrumental in the switching of the Kingdom of Prussia from a French alliance to a Russian alliance during the War of the Sixth Coalition. Ludwig van Beethoven's "Yorckscher Marsch" is named in his honor
Sep 30 Ivan Essen a Russian lieutenant general and military governor of Riga at the start of the Patriotic War of 1812.
Oct 17 Andrey Voronikhin a Russian architect and painter. As a representative of classicism he was also one of the founders of the monumental Russian Empire style. Born a serf of the Stroganov family, he is best known for his work on Kazan Cathedral in Saint Petersburg