Born in 1760

Jan 1 James Trevenen an officer in the Royal Navy and the Imperial Russian Navy.
Jan 3 Veerapandiya Kattabomman a courageous 18th-century Palayakarrar chieftain from Panchalankurichi of Tamil Nadu, India. His ancestors migrated to Tamil Nadu from Kandukur area of Prakasam district in present day Andhra Pradesh during the Vijayanagara period. Also known as Kattabomma Nayakkar he was among the earliest to oppose British rule in these regions. He waged a war with the British six decades before the Indian War of Independence occurred in the Northern parts of India. He was captured and hanged in 1799 His fort was destroyed and his wealth was looted by the British army. Today his native village Panchalankurichi in present day Thoothukudi district of Tamil Nadu is a historically important site. Some polygars families also migrated to vedal village in Kanchipuram District, India
Jan 10 Johann Rudolf Zumsteeg a German composer and conductor.
Jan 11 Oliver Wolcott Jr. United States Secretary of the Treasury from 1795 to 1800 and the 24th Governor of Connecticut from 1817 to 1827.
Jan 12 Zofia Potocka beautiful as a dream, a child far southern countries. Admire the beauty of all those who have only seen her, igniting a fire in the hearts of men and women in the eyes of envy."
Jan 19 Patrick Cotter O'Brien the first of only thirteen people in medical history to stand at a verified height of eight feet or more. O'Brien was born in Kinsale, County Cork, Ireland. His real name was Patrick Cotter and he adopted O'Brien as his stage name in the sideshow circus. He was also known as the Bristol Giant and the Irish Giant
Jan 20 Ferdinand Bauer an Austrian botanical illustrator who travelled on Matthew Flinders' expedition to Australia.
Feb 3 John Storm a revolutionary war soldier who notably served as a dragoon under Colonel William Washington in the American Revolutionary War. Dragoons commanded huge power upon the battlefield at the time because of their ability to incite fear in opposing infantrymen. "The shock of a cavalry charge often proved decisive in gaining a victory," is a description offered by the United States National Park Service
Feb 12 Jan Ladislav Dussek a Czech composer and pianist. He was an important representative of Czech music abroad in the second half of the 18th century and the beginning of the 19th century. Some of his more forward-looking piano works have traits often associated with Romanticism
Feb 17 Apollo Mussin-Pushkin a Russian chemist and plant collector. He led a botanical expedition to the Caucasus in 1802 with his friend botanist Friedrich August Marschall von Bieberstein
Mar 1 François Buzot a French politician and leader of the French Revolution.
Mar 2 Camille Desmoulins a journalist and politician who played an important role in the French Revolution. He was a childhood friend of Maximilien Robespierre and a close friend and political ally of Georges Danton, who were influential figures in the French Revolution. Desmoulins was tried and executed alongside Danton in response to Dantonist opposition to the Committee of Public Safety
Mar 10 Henry Thornton (reformer) an English economist, banker, philanthropist and parliamentarian.
Mar 16 Johann Heinrich Meyer a Swiss painter and art writer active in Weimar. A pupil of Henry Fuseli, he went to Rome in 1784, and befriended Goethe in 1787, becoming his right-hand-man in artistic matters. From 1791 he lived in Weimar, working from 1806 as director of its Fürstlichen freien Zeichenschule
Mar 25 Yakov Lobanov-Rostovsky (1760–1831) a Russian statesman.
Mar 27 Ishmail Spicer a publisher in Baltimore, a teacher, and one of the first American composers.
Mar 27 Auguste Vestris a French dancer.
Mar 28 Thomas Clarkson an English abolitionist, and a leading campaigner against the slave trade in the British Empire. He helped found The Society for Effecting the Abolition of the Slave Trade and helped achieve passage of the Slave Trade Act of 1807, which ended British trade in slaves. In his later years Clarkson campaigned for the abolition of slavery worldwide; it was then concentrated in the Americas. In 1840, he was the key speaker at the Anti-Slavery Society's first conference in London, which campaigned to end slavery in other countries
Mar 28 Georg Adlersparre a Swedish army commander, politician and writer.
Apr 4 Juan Manuel Olivares a Venezuelan composer from the Colonial era.
Apr 10 White Watson an early English geologist, sculptor, stonemason and carver, marble-worker and mineral dealer. In common with many learned people of his time, he was skilled in a number of artistic and scientific areas, becoming a writer, poet, journalist, teacher, botanist and gardener as well as a geologist and mineralogist. He kept extensive diaries and sketchbooks of his observations on geology, fossils and minerals, flora and fauna, and published a small but significant and influential number of geological papers and catalogues. As an artist he was well known locally for his silhouettes, both on paper and as marble inlays
Apr 12 Jean-François Thomas de Thomon a French neoclassical architect who worked in Eastern Europe in 1791–1813. Thomas de Thomon was the author of Old Saint Petersburg Stock Exchange and Rostral Columns on the spit of Vasilievsky Island in Saint Petersburg and the first building of the Odessa Theatre, destroyed by fire in 1873. Thomas de Thomon, graduate of the French Academy in Rome, "imported" the high classicism practiced by this school in 1780s into Russia and thus contributed to the formation of Russian national variant of neoclassicism practiced during the reign of Alexander I
Apr 13 William Garrow a British barrister, politician and judge known for his indirect reform of the advocacy system, which helped usher in the adversarial court system used in most common law nations today. He introduced the phrase "presumed innocent until proven guilty", insisting that defendants' accusers and their evidence be thoroughly tested in court. Born to a priest and his wife in Monken Hadley, then in Middlesex, Garrow was educated at his father's school in the village before being apprenticed to Thomas Southouse, an attorney in Cheapside, which preceded a pupillage with Crompton, a special pleader. A dedicated student of the law, Garrow frequently observed cases at the Old Bailey; as a result Crompton recommended that he become a solicitor or barrister. Garrow joined Lincoln's Inn in November 1778, and was called to the Bar on 27 November 1783. He quickly established himself as a criminal defence counsel, and in February 1793 was made a King's Counsel by HM Government to prosecute cases involving treason and felonies
Apr 22 Akbar II the penultimate Mughal emperor of India. He reigned from 1806 to 1837. He was the second son of Shah Alam II and the father of Bahadur Shah II
Apr 30 Joseph Souham a French general who fought in the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars. He was born at Lubersac and died at Versailles. After long service in the French Royal Army, he was elected to lead a volunteer battalion in 1792 during the French Revolution. He was promoted to general of division in September 1793 after playing a prominent role in the defense of Dunkirk. In May 1794 with his commander absent, he took temporary command of the Army of the North and defeated the Coalition army at Tourcoing. He led the covering forces at the Siege of Ypres and participated in the successful invasion of the Dutch Republic. He spent many years in occupation duties in Holland and then his career suffered because of his association with Pichegru and Moreau. Starting in 1809 he was employed in Spain during the Peninsular War, winning the Battle of Vich where he was wounded. In army command again, he forced Wellington's army to retreat at Tordesillas in 1812. The following year he led a division at Lützen and a corps at Leipzig. He remained loyal to the Bourbons during the Hundred Days
May 10 Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle a French army officer of the French Revolutionary Wars. He is known for writing the words and music of the Chant de guerre pour l'armée du Rhin in 1792, which would later be known as La Marseillaise and become the French national anthem
May 10 Charles de Bonchamps a French politician and leader of the Vendéan insurrection of Royalists against the Republic during the French Revolution.
May 10 Johann Peter Hebel a German short story writer, dialectal poet, evangelical theologian and pedagogue, most famous for a collection of Alemannic lyric poems and one of German tales.
May 28 Alexandre de Beauharnais a French political figure and general during the French Revolution. He was the first husband of Joséphine Tascher de la Pagerie, who later married Napoleon Bonaparte and became Empress of the First Empire
May 29 Louis-Michel le Peletier marquis de Saint-Fargeau a French politician.
Jun 4 Prince Iulon of Georgia a Georgian royal prince of the House of Bagrationi, born into the family of King Heraclius II and Queen Darejan Dadiani. He advanced claim to the throne of Kartli and Kakheti after the death of his half-brother George XII in 1800 and opposed the Russian annexation of Georgia until being apprehended and deported in 1805 to Tula. He died in Petersburg and was buried at the Alexander Nevsky Lavra
Jun 5 Johan Gadolin a Finnish chemist, physicist and mineralogist. Gadolin discovered the chemical element yttrium. He is also considered the founder of Finnish chemistry research, as the second holder of the Chair of Chemistry at the Royal Academy of Turku
Jun 8 Robert Moorsom an officer of the Royal Navy who served during the American War of Independence, the French Revolutionary War and the Napoleonic Wars. His very active service career was especially highlighted by his actions in 1805 at the battle of Trafalgar, where his ship HMS Revenge was severely damaged and Moorsom was himself seriously wounded
Jun 8 Karl Böttiger a German archaeologist and classicist, and a prominent member of the literary and artistic circles in Weimar and Jena.
Jun 12 Jean-Baptiste Louvet de Couvrai a French novelist, playwright, journalist, politician, and diplomat.
Jun 20 Richard Wellesley 1st Marquess Wellesley an Irish and British politician and colonial administrator.
Jun 26 Johann I Joseph Prince of Liechtenstein Prince of Liechtenstein between 1805 and 1806 and again from 1814 until 1836. He was the last Liechtenstein prince to rule under the Holy Roman Empire between 1805 and 1806 and as regent of Liechtenstein from 1806 until 1814. He was the fourth son of Franz Joseph I, Prince of Liechtenstein
Jul 8 Christian Kramp a French mathematician, who worked primarily with factorials.
Jul 13 István Pauli a Hungarian Slovene Roman Catholic priests. Pauli or the teacher of Pertoča György Kousz was the author of a hymnal in Pertoča
Jul 28 Claude Carra Saint-Cyr For the French milliner, see Claude Saint-Cyr.
Aug 9 James Ruse a Cornish farmer who, at the age of 23, was convicted of breaking and entering and was sentenced to seven years' transportation to Australia. He arrived at Sydney Cove on the First Fleet with 18 months of his sentence remaining. Ruse applied to Governor Arthur Phillip for a land grant, stating that he had been bred to farming. Governor Phillip, desperate to make the colony self-sufficient, allocated Ruse an allotment at Rose Hill , where he proved himself industrious and showed that it was possible for a family to survive through farming. Having done this, Ruse received a grant of 30 acres , enabling him eventually to sell 600 bushels of maize. This was the very first grant of land in New South Wales. Ruse later exchanged the grant for more fertile land on the Hawkesbury River. In later life, having been almost bankrupted from his farm by flooding, Ruse found work as a seaman and later as a landowner's overseer
Aug 20 Sir Alexander Campbell 1st Baronet a senior officer of the British Army during the early nineteenth century. His long and varied career saw extensive action, including engagements in Europe during the American Revolutionary War, in India during the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War and subsequently in the Peninsular War as one of the Duke of Wellington's generals. Badly wounded during the Peninsular campaign, Campbell was rewarded with a knighthood and a baronetcy, later holding a number of prestigious military commands
Aug 22 Pope Leo XII born Annibale Francesco Clemente Melchiore Girolamo Nicola Sermattei della Genga, reigned from 28 September 1823 to his death in 1829.
Aug 26 Claude Antoine Gabriel duc de Choiseul-Stainville a French soldier and émigré Royalist.
Aug 31 Aristide Aubert Du Petit Thouars a French naval officer, and a hero of the Battle of Aboukir, where he died.
Sep 3 Philemon Wright a farmer and entrepreneur who founded Wrightstown, the first permanent settlement in the National Capital Region of Canada. Wrightstown later became incorporated in 1875 and renamed Hull, Quebec, and then in 2002, as a result of a municipal amalgamation, it acquired its present name of the City of Gatineau
Sep 8 Domenico Pino an Italian soldier. He served as General of Division in Napoleon's Grande Armée
Sep 14 Luigi Cherubini an Italian composer who spent most of his working life in France. His most significant compositions are operas and sacred music. Beethoven regarded Cherubini as the greatest of his contemporaries
Sep 15 Bogislav Friedrich Emanuel von Tauentzien a Prussian general of the Napoleonic Wars.
Sep 21 Olof Swartz a Swedish botanist and taxonomist. He is best known for his taxonomic work and studies into pteridophytes. He attended the University of Uppsala where he studied under Carolus Linnaeus the Younger and received his doctorate in 1781