Died in 1760

Jan 18 Claudio Casciolini an Italian composer. His compositions include a three-part Missa pro defunctis, eight-part Zacchee festinans descende and a Missa brevissima. From April 1726 until his death he sang bass at the church of San Lorenzo in Damaso where he may also have been maestro di cappella
Feb 1 William VIII Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel ruled Hesse-Kassel from 1730 until his death, first as regent and then as landgrave.
Feb 13 Nikolay Popovsky a Russian poet and protégé of Mikhail Lomonosov. Son of a priest serving at Saint Basil's Cathedral in Moscow, in 1748 he was chosen by Vasily Trediakovsky at Lomonosov's behest amongst ten students from the Moscow Slavyano-Greko-Latin Academy to be enrolled in the university attached to the Academy of Sciences. While still a student at the university, he translated Horace's Ars Poetica into Russian verse, whereas Trediakovsky had produced only a prose rendition. The Horace translation, including the odes, was published by the Academy of Sciences in 1753. In 1753 at Lomonosov's suggestion he translated the first part of Alexander Pope's "Essay on Man" from a French version; publication was delayed until 1757 due to opposition by the Russian Orthodox church. He wrote an ode in honour of Empress Elizabeth's ascension to the Russian throne , and another in the name of Moscow University for her coronation. His poem in honour of Elizabeth on the occasion of the New Year's fireworks display of 1755, at one time thought to have been written by Lomonosov, is in fact a translation of Jacob Stahlin's poem "Verse an Ihre Kayserliche Majestät unsere grosse und huldreichste Monarchin gerichtet worden"
Feb 14 François Colin de Blamont a French composer of the Baroque era.
Feb 22 Anna Magdalena Bach an accomplished singer and the second wife of Johann Sebastian Bach.
Mar 8 Mikhail Petrovich Bestuzhev-Ryumin a Russian diplomat. He was the son of Pyotr Bestuzhev and elder brother of the more famous Aleksey Bestuzhev
Apr 10 Jean Lebeuf a French historian.
Apr 10 George Clifford III a wealthy Dutch banker and one of the directors of the Dutch East India Company. He is known for his keen interest in plants and gardens. His estate Hartekamp had a rich variety of plants and he engaged the Swedish naturalist Carl von Linné, who stayed at his estate from 1736 to 1738, to write Hortus Cliffortianus , a masterpiece of early botanical literature published in 1738, and for which Georg Dionysius Ehret did the illustrations. Many specimens from Clifford’s garden were also studied by Linnaeus for his Species Plantarum
Apr 11 Louis de Silvestre a French portrait and history painter. He was court painter to King Augustus II of Poland, and director of the Royal Academy of Arts in Dresden
Apr 11 Prince Moritz of Anhalt-Dessau a German prince of the House of Ascania from the Anhalt-Dessau branch. He was also a Prussian soldier and Generalfeldmarschall
May 5 Laurence Shirley 4th Earl Ferrers the last member of the House of Lords hanged in England, following his conviction for murdering his steward.
May 9 Nicolaus Zinzendorf a German religious and social reformer and bishop of the Moravian Church.
May 10 Christoph Graupner a German harpsichordist and composer of high Baroque music who lived and worked at the same time as Johann Sebastian Bach, Georg Philipp Telemann and George Frideric Handel.
May 11 Alaungpaya a Bamar king of Burma from 1752-60 and the founder of the Konbaung Dynasty. By the time of his death from illness during his campaign in Thailand, this former chief of a small village in Upper Burma had unified Burma, subdued Manipur, conquered Lanna and driven out the French and the English who had given help to the Mon Restored Hanthawaddy Kingdom. He also founded Yangon in 1755
May 17 Hieronim Florian Radziwiłł a Polish-Lithuanian szlachcic.
May 22 Baal Shem Tov a Jewish mystical rabbi. He is considered to be the founder of Hasidic Judaism
May 30 Joanna Elisabeth of Holstein-Gottorp a princess of the House of Holstein-Gottorp and later the Princess of Anhalt-Zerbst. She is best known as the mother of Catherine the Great of Russia
Jun 4 August Nathanael Grischow * 29th. September 1726 in Berlin; † 4th. June 1760 in Saint Petersburg was a German mathematician and astronomer
Jun 22 Joaquín Fernández de Portocarrero a Grandee of Spain who served Charles VI, Holy Roman Emperor as Viceroy of Sicily and interim Viceroy of Naples, before entering the priesthood in his late forties and rising to the rank of cardinal, ending his life as Cardinal-Bishop of Sabina.
Jul 11 Johann Heinrich Callenberg a German Orientalist, Lutheran professor of theology and philology, and promoter of conversion attempts among Jews and Muslims.
Jul 13 Conrad Weiser a Pennsylvania German pioneer, interpreter and effective diplomat between the Pennsylvania Colony and Native Americans. He was a farmer, soldier, monk, tanner and judge. He contributed as an emissary in councils between Native Americans and the colonies, especially Pennsylvania, during the 18th century's tensions of the French and Indian War
Sep 11 Louis Godin a French astronomer and member of the French Academy of Sciences. He worked in Peru, Spain, Portugal and France
Sep 27 Maria Amalia of Saxony a princess from the House of Wettin, the daughter of Augustus III of Poland and the wife of Charles III of Spain; she was the Queen consort of Naples and Sicily from 1738 till 1759 and then Queen consort of Spain from 1759 until her death in 1760. The mother of thirteen children, she enjoyed a loving relationship with her husband. A popular consort, she oversaw the construction of the Caserta Palace outside Naples as well as various other projects in her husband's domains. Moving to Spain in 1759, she then set about the improvements to the Royal Palace of Madrid but died of tuberculosis before its completion. Maria Amalia was politically active and openly participated in state affairs in both Naples and Spain
Oct 24 Giuseppe Maria Orlandini an Italian baroque composer particularly known for his more than 40 operas and intermezzos. Highly regarded by music historians of his day like Francesco Saverio Quadrio, Jean-Benjamin de La Borde and Charles Burney, Orlandini, along with Vivaldi, is considered one of the major creators of the new style of opera that dominated the second decade of the 18th century
Oct 25 George II of Great Britain King of Great Britain and Ireland, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and Prince-elector of the Holy Roman Empire from 11 June 1727 until his death.
Nov 30 Friederike Caroline Neuber a German actress and theatre director. She is one of the most famous artists in the history of the German theater
Dec 14 Andrija Kačić Miošić a Croatian poet and Franciscan monk.