1761 in history

1761 events chronologically

Jan 14 The Third Battle of Panipat is fought in India between the Afghans under Ahmad Shah Durrani and the Marhatas
Jan 16 The British capture Pondichéry, India from the French
Sep 8 Marriage of King George III of the United Kingdom to Duchess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Sep 17 The Battle of Kosabroma is fought
Sep 22 George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz are crowned King and Queen, respectively, of the Kingdom of Great Britain
Dec 16 Seven Years' War: After a four-month siege, the Russians under Pyotr Rumyantsev take the Prussian fortress of Kołobrzeg

Top 7 most famous people born in 1761

Jan 29 Albert Gallatin a Swiss-American ethnologist, linguist, founder of New York University, politician, diplomat, congressman, Senator and the longest-serving United States Secretary of the Treasury. In 1831, he founded the University of the City of New York, now New York University
May 3 August von Kotzebue a German dramatist and writer who also worked as a consul in Russia and Germany.
Aug 17 William Carey (missionary) an English Baptist missionary and a Particular Baptist minister, known as the "father of modern missions." Carey was one of the founders of the Baptist Missionary Society. As a missionary in the Danish colony, Serampore, India, he translated the Bible into Bengali, Sanskrit, and several other languages and dialects. Carey was a central figure in the modernization of India
Nov 20 Pope Pius VIII born Francesco Saverio Castiglioni, reigned from 31 March 1829 to his death in 1830.
Dec 1 Marie Tussaud a French born artist of German descent, who became known for her wax sculptures and Madame Tussauds, the wax museum that she founded in London.
Dec 24 Selim III the reform-minded Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1789 to 1807. The Janissaries eventually deposed and imprisoned him, and placed his cousin Mustafa on the throne as Mustafa Selim was killed by a group of assassins subsequently after a Janissary revolt
Dec 27 Michael Andreas Barclay de Tolly a Russian Field Marshal and Minister of War during Napoleon's invasion in 1812 and War of the Sixth Coalition.

Top 7 most famous people died in 1761

Jan 4 Stephen Hales an English clergyman who made major contributions to a range of scientific fields including botany, pneumatic chemistry and physiology. He invented several devices, including a ventilator, a pneumatic trough and a surgical forceps for the removal of bladder stones. He was also a philanthropist and wrote a popular tract on alcoholic intemperance
Jan 10 Edward Boscawen an Admiral in the Royal Navy and Member of Parliament for the borough of Truro, Cornwall. He is known principally for his various naval commands throughout the 18th century and the engagements that he won, including the Siege of Louisburg in 1758 and Battle of Lagos in 1759. He is also remembered as the officer who signed the warrant authorising the execution of Admiral John Byng after Byng's court martial in 1757 after the failure of Byng to engage the enemy at the Battle of Minorca
Jan 19 Charlotte Aglaé d'Orléans the Duchess of Modena and Reggio by marriage. She was the third daughter of Philippe II, Duke of Orléans, and of his wife, Françoise-Marie de Bourbon. She was born a princesse du sang. When a married woman, she had ten children
Apr 7 Thomas Bayes an English statistician, philosopher and Presbyterian minister, known for having formulated a specific case of the theorem that bears his name: Bayes' theorem. Bayes never published what would eventually become his most famous accomplishment; his notes were edited and published after his death by Richard Price
May 14 Thomas Simpson a British mathematician, inventor and eponym of Simpson's rule to approximate definite integrals. The attribution, as often in mathematics, can be debated: this rule had been found 100 years earlier by Johannes Kepler, and in German is the so-called Keplersche Fassregel
Jul 4 Samuel Richardson an 18th-century English writer and printer. He is best known for his three epistolary novels: Pamela: Or, Virtue Rewarded , Clarissa: Or the History of a Young Lady and The History of Sir Charles Grandison. Richardson was an established printer and publisher for most of his life and printed almost 500 different works, including journals and magazines
Sep 19 Pieter van Musschenbroek a Dutch scientist. He was a professor in Duisburg, Utrecht, and Leiden, where he held positions in mathematics, philosophy, medicine, and astrology. He is credited with the invention of the first capacitor in 1746: the Leyden jar. He performed pioneering work on the buckling of compressed struts. Musschenbroek was also one of the first scientists to provide detailed descriptions of testing machines for tension, compression, and flexure testing. An early example of a problem in dynamic plasticity was described in the 1739 paper