Born in 1761

Jan 17 Sir James Hall 4th Baronet a Scottish geologist and geophysicist, born at Dunglass, East Lothian, to Sir John Hall, 3rd Baronet , by his spouse, Magdalen daughter of Sir Robert Pringle, 3rd Baronet, of Stichill, Roxburghshire. Sir James was also Member of Parliament for Michael's borough 1807–1812
Jan 20 Giovanni Domenico Perotti an Italian composer.
Jan 24 Johann Christian Reinhart a German painter and engraver. He was one of the founders, along with Joseph Anton Koch, of German romantic classical landscape painting
Jan 26 Jens Zetlitz a Norwegian priest and poet.
Jan 27 Charles-Alexandre Léon Durand Linois a French admiral during the time of Napoleon Bonaparte. He won a victory over the British at the Battle of Algeciras in 1801 and was reasonably successful in a campaign against British trade in the Indian Ocean and South China Sea in 1803
Jan 28 Marguerite Gérard a French painter and etcher. She was the daughter of Marie Gilette and perfumer Claude Gérard. At 8 years-old she became the sister-in-law of Jean-Honoré Fragonard, and when she was 14, she came to live with him. She was also the aunt of the artist Alexandre-Évariste Fragonard. Gérard became Fragonard's pupil in the mid-1770s and studied painting, drawing and printmaking under his tutelage. She appears to have executed five etchings in 1778 in collaboration with the master
Jan 29 Albert Gallatin a Swiss-American ethnologist, linguist, founder of New York University, politician, diplomat, congressman, Senator and the longest-serving United States Secretary of the Treasury. In 1831, he founded the University of the City of New York, now New York University
Feb 1 Christiaan Hendrik Persoon a mycologist who made additions to Linnaeus' mushroom taxonomy.
Feb 2 Aylmer Bourke Lambert a British botanist, one of the first fellows of the Linnean Society.
Feb 3 Dorothea von Medem born a Gräfin of the noble German Baltic Medem family and later became Duchess of Courland. Popularly known as Dorothea of Courland after her marriage to Peter von Biron, the last Duke of Courland, she hosted an aristocratic salon in Berlin and performed various diplomatic duties on behalf of her estranged husband
Feb 4 Blasius Merrem a German naturalist, zoologist, ornithologist, mathematician, and herpetologist. In 1804, he became the professor of political economy and botany at the University of Marburg
Feb 4 Georg I Duke of Saxe-Meiningen Duke of Saxe-Meiningen from 1782 to 1803. He was known as a reformer and considered a model prince by many of his peers
Feb 15 Princess Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt (1761–1829) the first Grand Duchess of Hesse and by Rhine by marriage.
Feb 16 Jean-Charles Pichegru a distinguished French general of the Revolutionary Wars. Under his command, French troops overran Belgium and the Netherlands before fighting on the Rhine front. His subsequent involvement in a royalist conspiracy to remove Napoleon from power led to his arrest and death
Feb 19 Antoine Jacques Claude Joseph comte Boulay de la Meurthe a French politician and magistrate, son of an agricultural labourer, born at Chamousey.
Feb 20 Solomon Spalding the author of two related texts: an unfinished manuscript entitled Manuscript Story – Conneaut Creek, and an unpublished historical romance about the lost civilization of the mound builders of North America called Manuscript, Found. Whether these texts are distinct is disputed. After Spalding's death, a number of individuals suggested that Spaulding's work was used as a source for the Book of Mormon, a scripture in the Latter Day Saint movement
Feb 20 Ludwig Abeille a German pianist and composer.
Feb 22 Erik Tulindberg the first known Finnish composer of classical music.
Feb 28 Pierre Marie Auguste Broussonet born at Montpellier. His father, François Broussonet , was a physician and professor of medicine at famous Université de Montpellier. His brother, Victor, studied there and later became its dean. Henri Fouquet , a professor at the medical school, was a relative, as was Jean-Antoine Chaptal , who subsequently became minister of the interior
Mar 6 Antoine-François Andréossy a French general and diplomat of noble origin and Italian descent.
Mar 8 Jan Potocki a Polish nobleman, Polish Army Captain of Engineers, ethnologist, Egyptologist, linguist, traveler, adventurer and popular author of the Enlightenment period, whose life and exploits made him a legendary figure in his homeland. Outside Poland he is known chiefly for his novel, The Manuscript Found in Saragossa
Mar 23 Jan Willem de Winter a Dutch admiral of the Napoleonic Wars.
Mar 27 James Sykes (governor) an American physician and politician from Dover, in Kent County, Delaware. He was a member of the Federalist Party, who served in the Delaware General Assembly and as Governor of Delaware
Apr 5 Sybil Ludington famous for her night ride on April 26, 1777 to alert American colonial forces to the approach of the British. Her action was similar to that performed by Paul Revere, though she rode more than twice the distance of Revere and was only 16 years old at the time of her action. She was an aunt of Harrison Ludington, the Governor of Wisconsin
Apr 8 William Joseph Chaminade a French Catholic priest who survived persecution during the French Revolution and later founded the Society of Mary, usually called the Marianists, in 1817. He was beatified by Pope John Paul II on September 3, 2000, his feast day is celebrated on January 22
Apr 10 Jacques-Edme Dumont a French sculptor.
Apr 28 Jacques Villeré the second Governor of Louisiana after it became a state. He was the first Creole and the first native of Louisiana to hold that office
Apr 29 Jean-Baptiste Perrée a French Navy officer and Rear-admiral.
May 2 Richard Anthony Salisbury a British botanist. While he is remembered as a valuable worker in horticultural and botanical sciences, several bitter disputes caused him to be ostracised by his contemporaries
May 3 August von Kotzebue a German dramatist and writer who also worked as a consul in Russia and Germany.
May 14 Samuel Dexter an early American statesman who served both in Congress and in the Presidential Cabinet.
May 27 Sir Thomas Munro 1st Baronet a Scottish soldier and colonial administrator. He was an East India Company Army officer and statesman
Jun 3 Henry Shrapnel a British Army officer whose name has entered the English language as the inventor of the "shrapnel shell".
Jun 7 John Rennie the Elder a Scottish civil engineer who designed many bridges, canals, and docks.
Jun 8 Landgravine Juliane of Hesse-Philippsthal a countess of Schaumburg-Lippe, married in 1780 to Count Philip II, Count of Schaumburg-Lippe. She served as the regent of Schaumburg-Lippe during the minority of her son from 1787 to 1799
Jun 13 Antonín Vranický a famous Czech violinist and composer of the 18th century. He was the half brother of Pavel Vranický
Jun 20 Frédéric Henri Walther an Alsatian-born general of division and a supporter of Napoleon Bonaparte. He fought for France in the Revolutionary and Napoleonic wars
Jun 20 Jacob Hübner a German entomologist. He was the author of Sammlung Europäischer Schmetterlinge , a founding work of entomology
Jun 22 Prince Vakhtang-Almaskhan of Georgia a Georgian prince of the Bagrationi dynasty, born to King Heraclius II and Queen Darejan Dadiani. He distinguished himself in the war with Iran in 1795 and was then active in opposition to his half-brother George XII of Georgia and the newly established Russian administration in Georgia. In 1802 he surrendered to the Russian authorities and spent the rest of his life in Petersburg, working on an overview of Georgia's history. In Russia he was known as the tsarevich Vakhtang Irakliyevich Gruzinsky
Jun 29 Jean-Pierre Firmin Malher joined the army of the First French Republic and fought in the French Revolutionary Wars. During the Napoleonic Wars he rose in rank to command a division. He was accidentally killed in 1808 while on campaign in Spain. His surname is one of the Names inscribed under the Arc de Triomphe
Jul 5 Louis-Léopold Boilly a French painter and draftsman. A gifted creator of popular portrait paintings, he also produced a vast number of genre paintings vividly documenting French middle-class social life. His life and work spanned the eras of monarchical France, the French Revolution, the Napoleonic Empire, the Bourbon Restoration and the July Monarchy
Jul 24 Jakub Jasiński a Polish general, and poet of Enlightenment. He participated in the War in Defence of the Constitution in 1792, was an enemy of the Targowica Confederation and organized an action against its supporters in Wilno. He was killed in the Battle of Praga in 1794
Jul 25 Charlotte von Kalb a German writer who associated with poets Friedrich Schiller, Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Friedrich Hölderlin and Jean Paul.
Aug 16 Yevstigney Fomin a Russian opera composer of the 18th century.
Aug 17 William Carey (missionary) an English Baptist missionary and a Particular Baptist minister, known as the "father of modern missions." Carey was one of the founders of the Baptist Missionary Society. As a missionary in the Danish colony, Serampore, India, he translated the Bible into Bengali, Sanskrit, and several other languages and dialects. Carey was a central figure in the modernization of India
Aug 18 Pierre Claude François Daunou a French statesman and historian of the French Revolution and Empire.
Aug 19 Andreyan Zakharov a Russian architect and representative of the Empire style. His designs also alternated neoclassicism with eclecticism
Sep 3 François Hanriot a French leader and street orator of the Revolution. He played a vital role in the Insurrection and subsequently the fall of the Girondins
Sep 11 Antoni Protazy Potocki a Polish noble. Knight of the Order of the White Eagle, awarded on May 8, 1781
Sep 18 François Just Marie Raynouard a French dramatist and linguist.