Born in 1762

Jan 5 Constanze Mozart the wife of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
Jan 14 Pierre-Édouard Lémontey a French lawyer, politician, scholar and historian.
Jan 19 Louis Stanislas de Girardin a French general, prefect, and deputy.
Jan 20 Jérôme-Joseph de Momigny a Belgian/French composer and music-theorist.
Jan 22 Jean-Baptiste Wicar a French Neoclassical painter and art collector.
Jan 23 Christian August Vulpius a German novelist and dramatist. His sister married the noted German writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Jan 29 Giuseppe Nicolini (composer) an Italian composer who wrote at least 45 operas. From 1819 onwards, he devoted himself primarily to religious music. He was born and died at Piacenza
Jan 31 Lachlan Macquarie a British Army officer and colonial administrator from Scotland. He served as the fifth and last autocratic Governor of New South Wales from 1810 to 1821, and had a leading role in the social, economic and architectural development of the colony. He is considered by historians to have had a crucial influence on the transition of New South Wales from a penal colony to a free settlement and therefore to have played a major role in the shaping of Australian society in the early nineteenth century. An inscription on his tomb in Scotland describes him as "The Father of Australia"
Feb 2 Girolamo Crescentini a noted Italian singer castrato , a singing teacher and a composer.
Feb 8 Gia Long the first Emperor of the Nguyễn Dynasty of Vietnam. Unifying what is now modern Vietnam in 1802, he founded the Nguyễn Dynasty, the last of the Vietnamese dynasties
Feb 15 Francis Buchanan-Hamilton a Scottish physician who made significant contributions as a geographer, zoologist, and botanist while living in India.
Feb 23 Claude Juste Alexandre Legrand a French general. He commanded French divisions at several notable battles of the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. He rose to senator on 5 April 1813, then Pair de France on 4 June 1814 and chevalier de Saint-Louis on 27 June 1814. He organised the defence of Chalon-sur-Saône in 1814 and died in Paris in 1815 of wounds received beside the River Berezina
Feb 24 Charles Frederick Horn an English musician and composer. Born in Germany, he emigrated to London with few possessions and no knowledge of the English language, yet rose to become a music teacher in the Royal Household. As an editor and arranger, he helped introduce the music of Johann Sebastian Bach to England
Mar 10 Jeremias Benjamin Richter a German chemist. He was born at Hirschberg in Silesia, became a mining official at Breslau in 1794, and in 1800 was appointed assessor to the department of mines and chemist to the royal porcelain factory at Berlin, where he died. He is known for introducing the term stoichiometry
Mar 13 Anine Frølich a Danish ballerina, one of the first professional native ballet dancers in Denmark and a prima donna within the Danish ballet in her days. Chronologically, she can be seen as the first Danish ballerina, and the first native star within the Royal Danish Ballet
Mar 18 Fyodor Engelhardt a Russian Brigadier General and a hero of the storming of Izmail during the Russo-Turkish War of 1787-1792.
Mar 24 Marcos Portugal a Portuguese classical composer, who achieved great international fame for his operas in Italian.
Mar 25 Thomas-Alexandre Dumas a general in Revolutionary France and the highest-ranking person of color of all time in a European army. He was the first person of color in the French military to become brigadier general, the first to become divisional general, and the first to become general-in-chief of a French army. Dumas shared the status of the highest-ranking black officer in the Western world only with Toussaint Louverture until 1975, when the American Daniel "Chappie" James Jr became a four star General in the United States Air Force, the closest American equivalent of Général d'Armée, Dumas' highest rank
Apr 4 Stephen Storace an English composer. His sister was the famous opera singer Nancy Storace. He was born in London in the Parish of St Marylebone to an English mother and Italian father. Relatively little is known through direct records of his life, and most details are known second-hand through the memoirs of his contemporaries Michael Kelly, the actor John Bannister, and the oboist William Thomas Parke
Apr 4 Princess Caroline of Nassau-Usingen the elder daughter of Karl Wilhelm, Prince of Nassau-Usingen, and wife of Landgrave Frederick of Hesse-Kassel.
Apr 9 Friedrich Graf Kleist von Nollendorf a Prussian field marshal and a member of the old junker family von Kleist.
Apr 10 Giovanni Aldini a brother of the statesman Count Antonio Aldini and nephew of Luigi Galvani, whose treaties on muscular electricity he edited with notes in 1791.
Apr 13 Jean Étienne Championnet Vachier, called Championnet , French general, enlisted in the army at an early age and served in the Great Siege of Gibraltar.
Apr 29 Jean-Baptiste Jourdan 1st Comte Jourdan , enlisted as a private in the French royal army and rose to command armies during the French Revolutionary Wars. Emperor Napoleon I of France named him a Marshal of France in 1804 and he also fought in the Napoleonic Wars. After 1815, he became reconciled to the Bourbon Restoration. He was one of the most successful commanders of the French Revolutionary Army
May 4 Karol Kniaziewicz a Polish general and political activist.
May 4 Johann Heinrich Abicht a German philosopher.
May 11 Jacob Johan Anckarström a Swedish military officer who was convicted and executed for regicide. He was the son of Jacob Johan Anckarström the Elder. He served as a captain in King Gustav III's regiment between 1778 and 1783. During travels to Gotland, he was accused of slandering the king and fled to Stockholm, where he spent the winter, but was subsequently arrested, brought back and tried in Gotland. Although he was acquitted due to lack of evidence, he later maintained in his confession that this incident sparked his fire of hatred towards the king, fuelled by the contemporary revolutionary movement in Europe
May 19 Johann Gottlieb Fichte a German philosopher. He was one of the founding figures of the philosophical movement known as German idealism, which developed from the theoretical and ethical writings of Immanuel Kant. Fichte is often perceived as a figure whose philosophy forms a bridge between the ideas of Kant and those of the German Idealist Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel. Recently, philosophers and scholars have begun to appreciate Fichte as an important philosopher in his own right due to his original insights into the nature of self-consciousness or self-awareness. Like Descartes and Kant before him, he was motivated by the problem of subjectivity and consciousness. Fichte also wrote works of political philosophy and is considered one of the fathers of German nationalism
May 22 William Robert Broughton a British naval officer in the late 18th century. As a Lieutenant in the Royal Navy, he commanded HMS Chatham as part of the Vancouver Expedition, a voyage of exploration through the Pacific Ocean led by Captain George Vancouver in the early 1790s
May 22 Henry Bathurst 3rd Earl Bathurst a British politician.
Jun 1 Edmund Ignatius Rice a Roman Catholic missionary and educationalist. Edmund was the founder of two religious institutes of religious brothers: the Congregation of Christian Brothers and the Presentation Brothers
Jun 10 Georg Friedrich Benecke a German philologist.
Jun 10 María Cayetana de Silva 13th Duchess of Alba a Spanish aristocrat and a popular subject of the painter Francisco de Goya y Lucientes.
Jul 14 Joseph Lakanal a French politician, and an original member of the Institut de France.
Jul 20 Jakob Haibel an Austrian composer, operatic tenor and choirmaster.
Aug 12 Christoph Wilhelm Hufeland a German physician. He is famous as the most eminent practical physician of his time in Germany and as the author of numerous works displaying extensive reading and a cultivated critical faculty
Aug 12 George IV of the United Kingdom King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and of Hanover following the death of his father, George III, on 29 January 1820, until his own death ten years later. From 1811 until his accession, he served as Prince Regent during his father's final mental illness
Aug 13 Hipólito Vieytes an Argentine merchant and soldier. He was the son of Juan Vieytes and Petrona Mora Fernández de Agüero. His family's house was at 133 Calle Real in front of the central square
Sep 6 Theodorus Frederik van Capellen a Dutch naval officer. He was married to Petronella de Lange. Alexandrine Tinné, female explorer and pioneering photographer, was his granddaughter
Sep 11 Joanna Baillie a Scottish poet and dramatist. Baillie was very well known during her lifetime and, though a woman, intended her plays not for the closet but for the stage. Admired both for her literary powers and her sweetness of disposition, she hosted a literary society in her cottage at Hampstead. Baillie died at the age of 88, her faculties remaining unimpaired to the last
Sep 13 Antoine Christophe Merlin a member of several legislative bodies during the era of the French Revolution. He is usually called "Merlin de Thionville" to distinguish him from Philippe-Antoine Merlin de Douai
Sep 22 Elizabeth Simcoe an artist and diarist in colonial Canada. She was the wife of John Graves Simcoe, the first Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada
Sep 24 William Lisle Bowles an English priest, poet and critic.
Sep 26 Moses Sofer one of the leading Orthodox rabbis of European Jewry in the first half of the nineteenth century.
Oct 3 Anton Bernolák a Slovak linguist and Catholic priest and the author of the first Slovak language standard.
Oct 12 Jan Willem Janssens a Dutch nobleman, soldier and statesman who served both as the governor of the Cape Colony and governor-general of the Dutch East Indies.
Oct 12 Ivan Muravyov-Apostol a Russian statesman and writer.
Oct 14 Fabian Steinheil a Russian military officer, and the Governor-General of Finland between 1810 and 1824.
Oct 15 Samuel Adams Holyoke an American composer and teacher of vocal and instrumental music, was the son of Rev. Elizur Holyoke and Hannah Peabody. He was born October 15, 1762 in Boxford, Massachusetts, and died February 7, 1820 in Concord, New Hampshire. He was a Congregationalist and a Mason, and never married
Oct 16 Paul Hamilton (politician) the 3rd United States Secretary of the Navy, from 1809 to 1813.