Died in 1762

Jan 5 Elizabeth of Russia the Empress of Russia from 1741 until her death. She led the country into the two major European conflicts of her time: the War of Austrian Succession and the Seven Years' War. On the eve of her death, Russia spanned almost 6,250,000 square miles
Jan 8 Teimuraz II of Kakheti a king of Kakheti, eastern Georgia, from 1732 to 1744, then of Kartli from 1744 until his death. Also a lyric poet
Jan 11 Louis-François Roubiliac a French sculptor who worked in England, one of the four most prominent sculptors in London working in the rococo style, He was described by Margaret Whinney as "probably the most accomplished sculptor ever to work in England".
Feb 11 Johann Tobias Krebs a German organist and composer.
Feb 12 Laurent Belissen a French Baroque composer. He was born in Aix-en-Provence and may have been among the last students of Guillaume Poitevin, then maître de musique at the choir school of the Aix Cathedral
Feb 20 Tobias Mayer a German astronomer famous for his studies of the Moon.
Mar 4 Johannes Zick a German painter of frescoes in southern Germany and active during the Baroque period. He was the father of painter Januarius Zick and considered to be an important master of the Late Baroque
Mar 6 Princess Antoinette of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel a Duchess of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel and the wife of her father's cousin Ferdinand Albert II of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel. She was the mother of the Queen of Prussia, Duchess of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld and Queen of Denmark and Norway
Mar 10 Jean Calas a merchant living in Toulouse, France, famous for having been the victim of a biased trial due to his being a Protestant. In France, he is a symbol of religious intolerance, along with Jean-François de la Barre and Pierre-Paul Sirven
Mar 18 Paul II Anton Prince Esterházy a prince of the Esterházy family. He had a distinguished career as a soldier and patron of music
Mar 21 Nicolas Louis de Lacaille a French astronomer. Note that the birth date given here is that of his baptism; babies were normally baptised on the day that they were born. The traditional birth date of 15 March 1713 has been questioned due to many infants of the Roman Catholic Church being baptised on the day of their birth in the 17th and 18th centuries
Apr 2 Johann Georg Bergmüller a painter, particularly of frescoes, of the Baroque.
May 15 Michał Kazimierz "Rybeńko" Radziwiłł a Polish–Lithuanian noble. A member of the aristocratic Radziwiłł family, he was frequently referred to by his idiolect Rybeńko , to distinguish him from the other Michał Kazimierz Radziwiłł. Ordynat of Niasviž and Olyka, owner of Biržai, Dubingiai, Slutsk and Kopyła
May 19 Francesco Loredan a Venetian statesman of the Loredan family; he served as the 116th Doge of Venice from 18 March 1752 until his death. Loredan was a man of modest culture and limited international experience, and had been raised primarily for a life of commerce; in this he stood in stark contrast to his immediate predecessor, Pietro Grimani, who was a poet and diplomat. Loredan was succeeded as Doge by Marco Foscarini
May 26 Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten a German philosopher.
Jun 6 George Anson 1st Baron Anson a British admiral and a wealthy aristocrat, noted for his circumnavigation of the globe and his role overseeing the Royal Navy during the Seven Years' War. During his time in office Anson instituted a series of reforms to the Royal Navy
Jun 13 Dorothea Erxleben the first female medical doctor in Germany.
Jun 17 Prosper Jolyot de Crébillon a French poet and tragedian.
Jun 18 Wrightson Mundy High Sheriff of Derbyshire in 1737 and MP for Leicestershire in 1747.
Jun 19 Johann Ernst Eberlin a German composer and organist whose works bridge the baroque and classical eras. He was a prolific composer, chiefly of church organ and choral music. Marpurg claims he wrote as much and as rapidly as Alessandro Scarlatti and Georg Philipp Telemann, a claim also repeated by Leopold Mozart - though ultimately Eberlin did not live to the great age of those two composers
Jun 22 Charles Frederick Albert Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt a Prussian military officer and the Herrenmeister of the Order of Saint John.
Jul 5 Jakob Adlung a German organist, teacher, instrument maker, music historian, and music theorist.
Jul 10 Jan Frederik Gronovius a Dutch botanist notable as a patron of Linnaeus.
Jul 13 James Bradley an English astronomer and served as Astronomer Royal from 1742, succeeding Edmund Halley. He is best known for two fundamental discoveries in astronomy, the aberration of light , and the nutation of the Earth's axis. These discoveries were called "the most brilliant and useful of the century" by Jean Baptiste Joseph Delambre, historian of astronomy, mathematical astronomer and director of the Paris Observatory, in his history of astronomy in the 18th century , because "It is to these two discoveries by Bradley that we owe the exactness of modern astronomy..... This double service assures to their discoverer the most distinguished place above the greatest astronomers of all ages and all countries."
Jul 17 Peter III of Russia Emperor of Russia for six months in 1762. He was born as Karl Peter Ulrich, son of the Duke of Holstein-Gottorp. The German Peter could hardly speak Russian and pursued a strongly pro-Prussian policy, which made him an unpopular leader. He was likely assassinated as a result of a conspiracy led by his German wife Princess Sophie Friederike Auguste von Anhalt-Zerbst-Dornburg, who succeeded him to the throne as Catherine II
Jul 20 Paul Troger an Austrian painter, draughtsman and printmaker of the late Baroque period. Troger's illusionistic ceiling paintings in fresco are notable for their dramatic vitality of movement and their palette of light colors
Jul 27 Edmé Bouchardon a French sculptor who was esteemed as the greatest sculptor of his time and valued as a painter and draughtsman as well.
Jul 28 George Dodington 1st Baron Melcombe an English politician and nobleman.
Jul 30 Johann Valentin Görner a German composer.
Jul 31 Luis Vicente de Velasco e Isla a Spanish sailor and commander in the Royal Spanish Navy. He is known for his valiant defense against the British expedition against Cuba in 1762, during which action he was killed
Aug 13 Jean Rousset de Missy a French Huguenot writer, from early in life in the Netherlands. He was a renowned historian and author on international law and a prolific journalist. Born in Laon from Protestant parents , he studied at the Collège du Plessis in Paris. After a conflict with his stepmother he joined the Dutch States Army during the War of the Spanish Succession and was present at the Battle of Malplaquet. In 1724 , he started his activities as a professional journalist
Aug 20 Shah Waliullah an Islamic scholar, reformer and founder of modern Islamic thought who attempted to reassess Islamic theology in the light of modern changes. He had spent time at Mecca with Muhammad_ibn_Abd_al-Wahhab who started the Wahhabism philosophy and its implementation along with Saudi monarchs. Shah Waliullah influenced enough people with Wahabi philosophy so that its counterpart in indian subcontinent was created at Deoband. Which now is the Islamic school of Darul_Uloom_Deoband
Aug 21 Lady Mary Wortley Montagu an English aristocrat and writer. Lady Mary is today chiefly remembered for her letters, particularly her letters from Turkey, as wife to the British ambassador, which have been described by Billie Melman as “the very first example of a secular work by a woman about the Muslim Orient”
Aug 29 Stanisław Poniatowski (1676–1762) a Polish-Lithuanian military commander, diplomat, and noble. Throughout his career, Poniatowski served in various military offices, and was a general in both the Swedish and Polish-Lithuanian militaries. He also held numerous civil positions, including those of podstoli of Lithuania and Grand Treasurer of the Lithuanian army in 1722, voivode of the Masovian Voivodeship in 1731, regimentarz of the Crown Army in 1728, and castellan of Kraków in 1752. Throughout his lifetime, he served in many starost positions
Aug 31 Emperor Momozono the 116th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession.
Aug 31 Pietro Rotari an Italian painter of the Baroque period. Born in Verona, he led a peripatetic career, and died in St Petersburg, where he had traveled to paint for the Russian court
Sep 17 Francesco Geminiani an Italian violinist, composer, and music theorist.
Sep 30 Jacques Daviel a French ophthalmologist credited with originating the first significant advance in cataract surgery since couching was invented in ancient India. Daviel performed the first extracapsular cataract extraction on April 8, 1747
Oct 6 Francesco Manfredini an Italian Baroque composer, violinist, and church musician.
Nov 29 Ando Shoeki a Japanese philosopher of the 18th century. He rejected much of the Buddhist and Confucian thinking prevailing in Edo period Japan. He also opposed feudalism in the political system. Shoeki never became a prominent philosopher, and throughout his life he had few followers compared to other beliefs in Japan
Dec 23 Archduchess Maria Johanna Gabriela of Austria an Archduchess of Austria and Princess of Tuscany, Hungary and Bohemia as the eleventh child and ninth daughter of Francis Stephen of Lorraine, Holy Roman Emperor and Maria Theresa. She was described as likeable and good-natured, but died aged 12 of smallpox