Born in 1763

Jan 1 Leopold Wilhelm von Dobschütz a Prussian "general of cavalry", the "hero of Dennewitz" and "liberator of Wittenberg", military governor of the Rhine province and of Breslau. He was Gutsherr of Zölling, which his wife had inherited, and the Gütern Ober- and Nieder-Briesnitz as well as Schönbrunn, all in the district Sagan
Jan 3 Joseph Fesch a French cardinal and diplomat, Prince of France and a member of the Imperial House of the First French Empire, Peer of France, Roman Prince, and the uncle of Napoleon Bonaparte. He was also one of the most famous art collectors of his period, remembered for having established the Musée Fesch in Ajaccio, which remains one of the most important Napoleonic collections of art
Jan 8 Edmond-Charles Genêt the French ambassador to the United States during the French Revolution.
Jan 8 Johann Jacob Roemer a physician and professor of botany in Zurich, Switzerland. He was also an entomologist
Jan 8 Jean-Baptiste Drouet (French revolutionary) a French politician of the 1789 Revolution, chiefly noted for the part he played in the arrest of King Louis XVI during the Flight to Varennes.
Jan 10 Jean-Baptiste Cavaignac a French politician and statesman.
Jan 12 Georges Michel (painter) a French landscape painter. An important precursor of the Barbizon school, Michel was practically unknown during his lifetime, and worked as copyist and restorer
Jan 15 François-Joseph Talma a French actor.
Jan 21 Augustin Robespierre the younger brother of French Revolutionary leader Maximilien Robespierre.
Jan 22 Johann Gabriel Chasteler de Courcelles a Walloon, born near Mons, Belgium. He entered the military service of Habsburg Austria at an early age and trained as an engineer at the Ingenieurakademie in Vienna. Serving as Chief of Staff to Spleny in the Turkish War from 1788, he won the Ritterkreuz of the Order of Maria Theresa for outstanding bravery at the Battle of Focsani in action against the Ottoman Turks
Jan 24 Jean-Nicolas Bouilly a French playwright, librettist, children's writer, and politician of the French Revolution. He is best known for writing a libretto, supposedly based on a true story, about a woman who disguises herself as a man to rescue her husband from prison, which formed the basis of Beethoven's opera Fidelio as well as a number of other operas
Jan 24 Louis Alexandre Andrault de Langeron a French military in the service of the Kingdom of France and in the service of the Russian Empire.
Jan 26 Charles XIV John of Sweden King of Sweden and King of Norway from 1818 until his death and served as de facto regent and head of state from 1810 to 1818. When he became Swedish royalty, he had also been the Sovereign Prince of Pontecorvo in Southern Italy from 1806 until 1810 , but then stopped using that title
Jan 29 Johann Gottfried Seume born at Poserna.
Feb 3 Caroline von Wolzogen a German writer in the Weimar Classicism circle. Her best-known works are a novel, Agnes von Lilien, and a biography of Friedrich Schiller, her brother-in-law
Feb 9 Louis I Grand Duke of Baden Ludwig I, Grand Duke of Baden succeeded as Grand Duke on 8 December 1818. He was the uncle of his predecessor Karl Ludwig Friedrich, and his death marked the end of the Zähringen line of the House of Baden. He was succeeded by his half brother, Leopold
Feb 14 Jean Victor Marie Moreau a French general who helped Napoleon Bonaparte to power, but later became a rival and was banished to the United States.
Feb 15 Jean-François Le Sueur a French composer, best known for his oratorios and operas.
Feb 21 Stanoje Glavaš a Serbian hajduk and hero in the First Serbian Uprising.
Feb 26 Karl David Ilgen a German Old Testament scholar and classical philologist.
Mar 6 Jean-Xavier Lefèvre a Swiss-born French clarinettist.
Mar 9 William Cobbett an English pamphleteer, farmer and journalist, who was born in Farnham, Surrey. He believed that reforming Parliament and abolishing the rotten boroughs would help to end the poverty of farm labourers, and he attacked the borough-mongers, sinecurists and "tax-eaters" relentlessly. He was also against the Corn Laws, a tax on imported grain. Early in his career, he was a loyalist supporter of King and Country: but later he joined and successfully publicised the radical movement, which led to the Reform Bill of 1832, and to his winning the parliamentary seat of Oldham. Although he was not a Catholic, he became a fiery advocate of Catholic Emancipation in Britain. Through the seeming contradictions in Cobbett's life, his opposition to authority stayed constant. He wrote many polemics, on subjects from political reform to religion, but is best known for his book from 1830, Rural Rides, which is still in print today
Mar 11 José Miguel Pey de Andrade a Colombian statesman and soldier and a leader of the independence movement from Spain. He is considered the first vice president and first president of Colombia. He was a centralist
Mar 13 Guillaume Brune a French soldier and political figure who rose to Marshal of France.
Mar 18 Friedrich Gottlob Hayne a German botanist, taxonomist, pharmacist and professor.
Mar 21 Jean Paul a German Romantic writer, best known for his humorous novels and stories.
Mar 23 Fyodor Rostopchin a Russian statesman, who served as governor of Moscow during the French invasion of Russia.
Mar 24 Sebald Justinus Brugmans a Dutch botanist and physician. He was the son of naturalist Anton Brugmans
Apr 7 Domenico Dragonetti an Italian double bass virtuoso and composer with a 3 string double bass. He stayed for thirty years in his hometown of Venice, Italy and worked at the Opera Buffa, at the Chapel of San Marco and at the Grand Opera in Vicenza. By that time he had become notable throughout Europe and had turned down several opportunities, including offers from the Tsar of Russia. In 1794, he finally moved to London to play in the orchestra of the King's Theatre, and settled there for the remainder of his life. In fifty years, he became a prominent figure in the musical events of the English capital, performing at the concerts of the Philharmonic Society of London as well as in more private events, where he would meet the most influential persons in the country, like the Prince Consort and the Duke of Leinster. He was acquainted with composers Joseph Haydn and Ludwig van Beethoven, whom he visited on several occasions in Vienna, and to whom he showed the possibilities of the double bass as a solo instrument. His ability on the instrument also demonstrated the relevance of writing scores for the double bass in the orchestra separate from that of the cello, which was the common rule at the time. He is also remembered today for the Dragonetti bow, which he evolved throughout his life
Apr 17 Jean Pierre Étienne Vaucher a Swiss Protestant pastor and botanist who was a native of Geneva.
Apr 24 Nikolay Zubov the eldest of the Zubov brothers who, together with Count Pahlen, masterminded the conspiracy to assassinate Tsar Paul of Russia.
Apr 29 Frederick Duke of Saxe-Altenburg duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen and duke of Saxe-Altenburg.
May 1 Hugues-Bernard Maret duc de Bassano a French statesman and journalist.
May 2 François de Charette a French Royalist soldier, and politician. He was one of the leaders of the bloody events termed the "Revolt in the Vendée". His relative Athanase-Charles-Marie Charette de la Contrie was a noted military leader
May 7 Józef Poniatowski a Polish leader, general, minister of war and army chief, acting Prime Minister of Poland and a Marshal of the French Empire.
May 9 János Batsányi a Hungarian poet.
May 16 Louis Nicolas Vauquelin a French pharmacist and chemist.
May 24 Pierre Gaspard Chaumette a French politician of the Revolutionary period.
May 24 Robert Adair (politician) a distinguished English diplomat, and frequently employed on the most important diplomatic missions.
May 28 Manuel Alberti a priest from Buenos Aires, when the city was part of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata. He had a curacy at Maldonado, Uruguay during the British invasions of the Río de la Plata, and returned to Buenos Aires in time to take part in the May Revolution of 1810. He was chosen as one of the seven members of the Primera Junta, which is considered the first national government of Argentina. He supported most of the proposals of Mariano Moreno and worked at the Gazeta de Buenos Ayres newspaper. The internal disputes of the Junta had a negative effect on his health, and he died of a heart attack in 1811
Jun 13 José Bonifácio de Andrada a Brazilian statesman, naturalist, professor and poet, born in Santos, São Paulo, then part of the Portuguese Empire. He was one of the most important mentors of Brazilian independence, and his actions were decisive for the success of Emperor Pedro He supported public education, was an abolitionist and suggested that a new national capital be created in Brazil's underdeveloped interior. His career as naturalist was marked by the discovery of four new minerals
Jun 14 Simon Mayr a German composer.
Jun 15 Kobayashi Issa a Japanese poet and lay Buddhist priest of the Jōdo Shinshū sect known for his haiku poems and journals. He is better known as simply Issa , a pen name meaning Cup-of-tea. He is regarded as one of the four haiku masters in Japan, along with Bashō, Buson and Shiki - "the Great Four, Basho, Buson, Issa, Shiki"
Jun 15 Franz Danzi a German cellist, composer and conductor, the son of the noted Italian cellist Innocenz Danzi. Born in Schwetzingen, Franz Danzi worked in Mannheim, Munich, Stuttgart and Karlsruhe, where he died
Jun 18 Johann Philipp Stadion Count von Warthausen Carl Joseph, Graf von Stadion-Warthausen. Born in Mainz, he was a statesman, foreign minister, and diplomat who served the Habsburg empire during the Napoleonic Wars. He was also founder of the Austrian National Bank. Johann Philip was Count of Stadion-Warthausen 1787–1806
Jun 19 Johann Baptist Allgaier a German-Austrian chess master and theoretician. He was also the author of the first chess handbook in German – Neue theoretisch-praktische Anweisung zum Schachspiel
Jun 20 Wolfe Tone regarded as the father of Irish republicanism. He was captured by British forces at Lough Swilly in Donegal and taken prisoner. Before he was to be executed, it is believed that Wolfe Tone attempted suicide. He subsequently died from mortal wounds eight days afterwards, thus avoiding being hanged as a convicted traitor to the British Crown for his involvement in the 1798 Irish Rebellion
Jun 21 Pierre Paul Royer-Collard a French statesman and philosopher, leader of the Doctrinaires group during the Bourbon Restoration.
Jun 22 Étienne Méhul a French composer, "the most important opera composer in France during the Revolution." He was also the first composer to be called a "Romantic".
Jun 23 Joséphine de Beauharnais the first wife of Napoleon I, and thus the first Empress of the French.