Died in 1765

Jan 12 Johann Melchior Molter a German baroque composer and violinist.
Jan 15 Carlmann Kolb a German priest, organist, and composer.
Jan 19 Johan Agrell a late German/Swedish baroque composer.
Jan 21 Christian Braunmann Tullin a Norwegian businessman and poet, born in Christiania. He was city manager for Christiania from 1763, and was also Chairman for the Board of Customs and Excise. He was regarded as one of Denmark-Norway's most important poetic talents by his contemporaries
Mar 3 William Stukeley an English antiquarian who pioneered the archaeological investigation of the prehistoric monuments of Stonehenge and Avebury, work for which he has been remembered as "probably... the most important of the early forerunners of the discipline of archaeology". Stukeley was also one of the first biographers of Isaac Newton, of whom he was a friend. He was an Anglican clergyman
Mar 14 Ayagawa Gorōji a sumo wrestler. He is formally recognised as the second yokozuna
Mar 20 Paolo Antonio Rolli an Italian librettist and poet.
Mar 31 Anna Constantia von Brockdorff a German noblewoman and mistress of Augustus the Strong, King of Poland and Elector of Saxony. Eventually he turned against her and exiled her to Saxony, where she died after 49 years of imprisonment
Apr 5 Edward Young an English poet, best remembered for Night-Thoughts.
Apr 15 Mikhail Lomonosov a Russian polymath, scientist and writer, who made important contributions to literature, education, and science. Among his discoveries was the atmosphere of Venus. His spheres of science were natural science, chemistry, physics, mineralogy, history, art, philology, optical devices and others. Lomonosov was also a poet and influenced the formation of the modern Russian literary language
May 17 Alexis Clairaut a prominent French mathematician, astronomer, geophysicist, and intellectual.
Jul 15 Charles-André van Loo a French subject painter, son of the painter Louis-Abraham van Loo, a younger brother of Jean-Baptiste van Loo and grandson of Jacob van Loo. He was the most famous member of a successful dynasty of painters of Dutch origin. His oeuvre includes every category: religion, history painting, mythology, portraiture, allegory, and genre scenes
Jul 18 Philip Duke of Parma Duke of Parma from 1748 to 1765. He founded the House of Bourbon-Parma , a cadet line of the Spanish branch of the dynasty. He was a son-in-law of Louis XV
Jul 22 Carl Alexander Clerck a Swedish entomologist and arachnologist.
Aug 18 Jean-Joseph Balechou a French engraver.
Aug 18 Francis I Holy Roman Emperor Holy Roman Emperor and Grand Duke of Tuscany, though his wife effectively executed the real powers of those positions. With his wife, Maria Theresa, he was the founder of the Habsburg-Lorraine dynasty. From 1728 until 1737 he was Duke of Lorraine. In 1737, Lorraine became managed by France under terms resulting from the War of the Polish Succession. Francis and House of Lorraine received the Grand Duchy of Tuscany in the peace treaty that ended that war. After taking the throne of the Holy Roman Empire, the return of the ancestral duchy of Lorraine went nominally to his brother Prince Charles Alexander of Lorraine , until succession under derivate house alliances resulted in Lorraine's annexation to France in 1766
Sep 2 Henry Bouquet a prominent British Army officer in the French and Indian War and Pontiac's War. Bouquet is best known for his victory over Native Americans at the Battle of Bushy Run, lifting the siege of Fort Pitt during Pontiac's War
Sep 5 Anne Claude de Caylus born at Paris.
Oct 10 Lionel Sackville 1st Duke of Dorset an English political leader and Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
Oct 21 Giovanni Paolo Panini mainly known as one of the vedutisti. As a painter, Panini is best known for his vistas of Rome, in which he took a particular interest in the city's antiquities. Among his most famous works are his view of the interior of the Pantheon , and his vedute—paintings of picture galleries containing views of Rome. Most of his works, specially those of ruins, have a fanciful and unreal embellishment characteristic of capriccio themes. In this they resemble the capricci of Marco Ricci. Panini also painted portraits, including one of Pope Benedict XIV
Oct 31 Prince William Duke of Cumberland the third and youngest son of George II of Great Britain and Caroline of Ansbach, and Duke of Cumberland from 1726. He is generally best remembered for his role in putting down the Jacobite Rising at the Battle of Culloden in 1746, which success made him immensely popular throughout Britain. At present, however, he is regularly referred to by the nickname given to him by his English Tory opponents: "Butcher" Cumberland. Despite Culloden, he had a largely unsuccessful military career, and following the Convention of Klosterzeven in 1757, he never held active military command, and switched his attentions to politics and horse racing
Nov 13 Princess Sophia Dorothea of Prussia the ninth child and fifth daughter of Frederick William I of Prussia and Sophia Dorothea of Hanover. By marriage, she was a Margravine of Brandenburg-Schwedt
Nov 30 George Glas a Scottish seaman and merchant adventurer in West Africa.
Dec 3 Lord John Sackville the second son of Lionel Sackville, 1st Duke of Dorset. He was a keen cricketer who was closely connected with the sport in Kent
Dec 16 Peter Frederick Haldimand a military officer and surveyor in the British Army.
Dec 17 Conrad Friedrich Hurlebusch a German/Dutch composer and organist.
Dec 20 Louis Dauphin of France (1729–1765) the only surviving son of King Louis XV of France and his wife, Queen Marie Leszczyńska. Son of the king, Louis was styled Fils de France. As heir apparent, he became Dauphin of France. However, he died before ascending to the throne. Three of his sons became kings of France: Louis XVI , Louis XVIII and Charles X
Dec 21 Prokop Diviš Dom Prokop Diviš, O.Praem. Czech pronunciation: was a Czech canon regular, theologian and natural scientist, who invented the first grounded lightning rod