1766 in history

1766 events chronologically

Feb 18 A mutiny by captive Malagasy begins at sea on the slave ship Meermin, leading to the ship's destruction on Cape Agulhas in present-day South Africa and the recapture of the instigators
Mar 5 Antonio de Ulloa, the first Spanish governor of Louisiana, arrives in New Orleans
Mar 18 American Revolution: The British Parliament repeals the Stamp Act
Jul 1 Jean-François de la Barre, a young French nobleman, is tortured and beheaded before his body is burnt on a pyre along with a copy of Voltaire's Dictionnaire philosophique nailed to his torso for the crime of not saluting a Roman Catholic religious procession in Abbeville, France
Nov 10 The last colonial governor of New Jersey, William Franklin, signs the charter of Queen's College (later renamed Rutgers University)
Dec 5 In London, James Christie holds his first sale

Top 7 most famous people born in 1766

Feb 14 Thomas Robert Malthus an English cleric and scholar, influential in the fields of political economy and demography. Malthus himself used only his middle name Robert
Apr 22 Germaine de Staël a French woman of letters of Swiss origin whose lifetime overlapped with the events of the French Revolution and the Napoleonic era. She was one of Napoleon's principal opponents. Celebrated for her conversational eloquence, she participated actively in the political and intellectual life of her times. Her works, both critical and fictional, made their mark on the history of European Romanticism
Aug 6 William Hyde Wollaston famous for discovering two chemical elements; he also developed a way to process platinum ore into malleable ingots.
Sep 6 John Dalton an English chemist, meteorologist and physicist. He is best known for his pioneering work in the development of modern atomic theory, and his research into colour blindness
Sep 25 Armand-Emmanuel de Vignerot du Plessis Duc de Richelieu a prominent French statesman during the Bourbon Restoration. As a royalist, during the French Revolutionary Wars and Napoleonic Wars, he served as a ranking officer in the Russian Imperial Army, achieving the grade of Major General
Nov 2 Joseph Radetzky von Radetz a Czech nobleman and Austrian general, immortalised by Johann Strauss I's Radetzky March. General Radetzky was in the military for over 70 years to the age of 90, almost up to his death at age 91, and is known for the victories at the Battles of Custoza and Novara during the First Italian War of Independence
Dec 12 Nikolay Karamzin a Russian writer, poet, historian and critic. He is best remembered for his History of the Russian State, a 12-volume national history

Top 7 most famous people died in 1766

Jan 1 James Francis Edward Stuart the son of the deposed James II of England and Ireland. As such, he claimed the English, Scottish and Irish thrones from the death of his father in 1701, when he was recognised as king of England, Scotland and Ireland by his cousin Louis XIV of France. Following his death in 1766, he was succeeded by his son Charles Edward Stuart in the Jacobite Succession. Had his father not been deposed, there would have been only two monarchs during his lifetime; his father and himself. In reality, there were seven; his father, William III, Mary II, Anne, George I, George II and George III. Although the ruling Protestant Stuarts died out with his half-sister, Queen Anne, the last remaining Stuarts were James and his sons, and their endeavours to reclaim the throne while remaining devoted to their Catholic faith are remembered in history as Jacobitism
Jan 14 Frederick V of Denmark king of Denmark and Norway and Duke of Schleswig and Holstein from 1746 until his death, son of Christian VI of Denmark and Sophia Magdalene of Brandenburg-Kulmbach. "Prudentia et Constantia" was the motto he chose for his reign
Feb 23 Stanisław I King of Poland, Grand Duke of Lithuania, Duke of Lorraine and a count of the Holy Roman Empire.
Jun 24 Adrien Maurice de Noailles a French aristocrat and soldier.
Jul 11 Elisabeth Farnese Queen of Spain as the wife of King Philip She exerted great influence over Spain's foreign policy and was the de facto ruler of Spain from 1714 until 1746. From 1759 until 1760, she governed as regent
Jul 17 Giuseppe Castiglione (Jesuit) S.J. was an Italian Jesuit lay brother who served as a missionary in China, where he became a painter at the court of the emperor
Dec 12 Johann Christoph Gottsched a German philosopher, author, and critic. For about thirty years, he exercised an almost undisputed literary dictatorship in Germany. But by his later years, his name had become a by-word for foolish pedantry