Born in 1768

Jan 1 Maria Edgeworth a prolific Anglo-Irish writer of adults' and children's literature. She was one of the first realist writers in children's literature and was a significant figure in the evolution of the novel in Europe. She held advanced views, for a woman of her time, on estate management, politics and education, and corresponded with some of the leading literary and economic writers, including Sir Walter Scott and David Ricardo
Jan 7 Joseph Bonaparte the elder brother of Napoleon Bonaparte, who made him King of Naples and Sicily , and later King of Spain. After the fall of Napoleon, Joseph styled himself Comte de Survilliers
Jan 28 Frederick VI of Denmark King of Denmark from 13 March 1808 to 3 December 1839 and King of Norway from 13 March 1808 to 7 February 1814. From 1784 until his accession, he served as regent during his father's mental illness and was referred to as the "Crown Prince Regent"
Jan 29 Paul Grenier joined the French royal army and rapidly rose to general officer rank during the French Revolutionary Wars. He led a division in the 1796-1797 campaign in southern Germany. During the 1800 campaign in the Electorate of Bavaria he was a wing commander. Beginning in 1809, in the Napoleonic Wars, Emperor Napoleon I entrusted him with corps commands in the Italian theater. A skilled tactician, he was one of the veteran generals who made the Napoleonic armies such a formidable foe to the other European powers. After the Bourbon Restoration he retired from the army and later went into politics. Grenier is one of the Names inscribed under the Arc de Triomphe
Feb 1 Jacques Lauriston a French soldier and diplomat of Scottish descent, and a general officer in the French army during the Napoleonic Wars. He was born in Pondicherry in India, where his father, a nephew of the financier John Law, held a senior position in the colonial regime; his mother was a member of the Carvallho family of Portuguese traders. Lauriston is one of the names inscribed under the Arc de Triomphe
Feb 2 Pierre César Dery a French general.
Feb 5 Robert Stopford (Royal Navy officer) a distinguished officer in the Royal Navy whose career spanned over 60 years, from the French Revolutionary Wars to the Syrian War.
Feb 7 Antoine-Athanase Royer-Collard a French physician who was born in the village of Sompuis, département Marne. He was a younger brother to philosopher Pierre-Paul Royer-Collard
Feb 12 Francis II Holy Roman Emperor the last Holy Roman Emperor, ruling from 1792 until 6 August 1806, when he dissolved the Holy Roman Empire after the disastrous defeat of the Third Coalition by Napoleon at the Battle of Austerlitz. In 1804, he had founded the Austrian Empire and became Francis I , the first Emperor of Austria , ruling from 1804 to 1835, so later he was named the one and only Doppelkaiser in history. For the two years between 1804 and 1806, Francis used the title and style by the grace of God elected Roman Emperor, ever Augustus, hereditary Emperor of Austria and he was called the Emperor of both Germany and Austria. He was also Apostolic King of Hungary and Bohemia as Francis He also served as the first president of the German Confederation following its establishment in 1815
Feb 13 Charles-Étienne Gudin de La Sablonnière a French general during the French Revolutionary Wars and Napoleonic Wars.
Feb 13 Édouard Mortier duc de Trévise a French general and Marshal of France under Napoleon I.
Feb 14 Paul Usteri a Swiss physician, botanist, publicist and politician.
Feb 15 Samuel Genersich a Carpathian German physician and botanist.
Feb 25 Friedrich von Adelung a German-Russian linguist, historian and bibliographer. His best known works are in the fields of bibliography of Sanskrit language and the European accounts of the Time of Troubles in Russia
Mar 4 Johann Friedrich Kind a German dramatist, most famous for writing the libretto for Carl Maria von Weber's opera Der Freischütz.
Mar 15 Maria Wirtemberska a Polish noble lady, writer, and philanthropist.
Mar 20 Pierre François Tissot a French man of letters and politician.
Mar 21 Joseph Fourier a French mathematician and physicist born in Auxerre and best known for initiating the investigation of Fourier series and their applications to problems of heat transfer and vibrations. The Fourier transform and Fourier's Law are also named in his honour. Fourier is also generally credited with the discovery of the greenhouse effect
Apr 6 Marie-Charles Damoiseau a French astronomer.
Apr 9 Mariam Tsitsishvili the Queen of Georgia as the second wife and consort of the last King George XII of Georgia.
Apr 14 Wilhelm von Dörnberg a German general. He was also known as 'Aufstandsdörnberg' or 'Uprising Dörnberg', for his part in the German campaign of the Napoleonic Wars. He also fought as a brigade commander at Quatre Bras and Waterloo
Apr 18 Jean-Baptiste Debret a French painter, who produced many valuable lithographs depicting the people of Brazil.
May 2 Jean-Louis-Marc Alibert a French dermatologist born in Villefranche-de-Rouergue, Aveyron. He was a pioneer of French dermatology
May 3 Charles Tennant a Scottish chemist and industrialist. He discovered bleaching powder and founded an industrial dynasty
May 5 Karl Friedrich von dem Knesebeck a Prussian field marshal and military adviser in the Napoleonic Wars.
May 16 Prince Ioane of Georgia a Georgian prince , writer and encyclopedist.
May 17 Henry Paget 1st Marquess of Anglesey a British Army officer and politician. After serving as a Member of Parliament for Carnarvon and then for Milborne Port, he took part in the Flanders Campaign and then commanded the cavalry for Sir John Moore's army in Spain during the Peninsular War; his cavalry showed distinct superiority over their French counterparts at the Battle of Sahagún, where his men captured two French lieutenant colonels and so mauled the French chasseurs that they ceased to exist as a viable regiment. He also commanded the cavalry at the Battle of Benavente, where he defeated the elite chasseurs of the French Imperial Guard
May 17 Caroline of Brunswick Queen of the United Kingdom as the wife of King George IV from 29 January 1820 until her death in 1821. Between 1795 and 1820, she was Princess of Wales
May 20 Dolley Madison the wife of James Madison, President of the United States from 1809 to 1817. She was noted for her social gifts, which boosted her husband’s popularity as President. In this way, she did much to define the role of the President’s spouse, known only much later by the title First Lady—a function she had sometimes performed earlier for the widowed Jefferson
May 20 Andreas Vokos Miaoulis an admiral and politician who commanded Greek naval forces during the Greek War of Independence.
May 22 Victor de Fay de La Tour-Maubourg a French cavalry commander starting under the Ancien Régime of France, and rising to prominence during the First French Empire. He was a diplomat after the Bourbon Restoration, where he served as Minister of War, from 1819-1821
May 30 Étienne Marie Antoine Champion de Nansouty a French cavalry commander during the French Revolutionary Wars who rose to the rank of General of Division in 1803 and subsequently held important military commands during the Napoleonic Wars.
Jun 9 Samuel Slater an early English-American industrialist known as the "Father of the American Industrial Revolution" and the "Father of the American Factory System." In the UK he was called "Slater the Traitor" because he brought British textile technology to America, modifying it for United States use. He learned textile machinery as an apprentice to a pioneer in the British industry. Immigrating to the United States at the age of 21, he designed the first textile mills, and later went into business for himself, developing a family business with his sons. A wealthy man, he eventually owned thirteen spinning mills, and had developed tenant farms and company towns around his textile mills, such as Slatersville, Rhode Island
Jun 24 Lazare Hoche a French soldier who rose to be general of the Revolutionary army. He is best known for his defeat of Royalist forces in Brittany
Jun 30 Elizabeth Monroe First Lady of the United States from 1817 to 1825, as the wife of James Monroe, fifth President, who held the office for two terms. Due to the fragile condition of Elizabeth's health during his presidency, many duties of official hostess were assumed by her eldest daughter, Eliza Monroe Hay
Jul 6 Johann Georg Heinrich Backofen a German clarinetist, composer and painter.
Jul 18 Jean-Robert Argand an amateur mathematician. In 1806, while managing a bookstore in Paris, he published the idea of geometrical interpretation of complex numbers known as the Argand diagram and is known for the first rigorous proof of the Fundamental Theorem of Algebra
Jul 20 Praskovia Kovalyova-Zhemchugova a Russian serf actress and soprano opera singer.
Jul 27 Charlotte Corday a figure of the French Revolution. In 1793, she was executed under the guillotine for the assassination of Jacobin leader Jean-Paul Marat, who was in part responsible, through his role as a politician and journalist, for the more radical course the Revolution had taken. More specifically, he played a substantial role in the political purge of the Girondins, with whom Corday sympathized. His murder was memorialized in a celebrated painting by Jacques-Louis David which shows Marat after Corday had stabbed him to death in his bathtub. In 1847, writer Alphonse de Lamartine gave Corday the posthumous nickname l'ange de l'assassinat
Jul 27 Joseph Anton Koch perhaps the most significant neoclassical landscape painter.
Jul 30 Friedrich August Marschall von Bieberstein an early explorer of the flora and archaeology of the southern portion of Imperial Russia, including the Caucasus and Novorossiya. He complied the first comprehensive flora catalogue of the Crimeo-Caucasian region
Aug 1 Karl Ludwig von Haller a Swiss jurist. He was the author of Restauration der Staatswissenschaften , a book which Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel strongly criticized in Elements of the Philosophy of Right. This work, which was burnt during the Wartburg festival, opposed nationalism and the bureaucracy of extensive government
Aug 6 Jean-Baptiste Bessières a Marshal of France of the Napoleonic Era. His younger brother, Bertrand, followed in his footsteps and eventually became a Divisional General. Their cousin, Géraud-Pierre-Henri-Julien also served Napoleon I as a diplomat and Imperial official
Aug 8 Johann Gottfried Langermann a German psychiatrist and administrator born in Maxen, near Dresden.
Aug 8 Karl Georg Albrecht Ernst von Hake a Prussian general and Minister of War.
Aug 14 Friedrich Dülon one of the most prominent and famous flute-virtuoso musicians of the classical era, being one of the first flutists to be considered gifted on flute. At the age of 40 he had acquired more than 300 concerts in his repertoire. Christian Friedrich Daniel Schubart devoted a 9-verse poem entitled The blind flute player Dülon on the journey.d
Aug 15 Christoph von Schmid a writer of children's stories and an educator. His stories were very popular and translated into many languages. His best known work in the English-speaking world is The Basket of Flowers
Aug 17 Louis Desaix a French general and military leader. According to the usage of the time, he took the name Louis Charles Antoine Desaix de Veygoux
Aug 22 Josef Abel an Austrian historical painter and etcher.
Aug 23 Astley Cooper an English surgeon and anatomist, who made historical contributions to otology, vascular surgery, the anatomy and pathology of the mammary glands and testicles, and the pathology and surgery of hernia.