Born in 1769

Jan 8 Pietro Benvenuti an Italian neoclassical painter.
Jan 10 Michel Ney a French soldier and military commander during the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars. He was one of the original 18 Marshals of France created by Napoleon. He was known as Le Rougeaud by his men and nicknamed le Brave des Braves by Napoleon
Jan 17 Peter Wittgenstein a Russian Field Marshal distinguished for his services in the Napoleonic wars.
Jan 31 André-Jacques Garnerin a balloonist and the inventor of the frameless parachute. He was appointed Official Aeronaut of France
Feb 6 Ludwig von Wallmoden-Gimborn an Austrian "General of the Cavalry", best known for his training of light infantry and the refinement of the Tirailleur system.
Feb 9 Jean Boudet a French général de division of the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars. The campaigns in which he was involved include the Saint-Domingue expedition. He was made a grand officer of the Légion d'honneur on 2 June 1809 and a knight of the Order of the Iron Crown, as well as a Comte de l'Empire in 1808. His name is engraved on the 16th column of the east side of the Arc de Triomphe in Paris
Feb 9 George W. Campbell an American statesman who served as a U.S. Representative, Senator, Tennessee Supreme Court Justice, U.S. Ambassador to Russia and the 5th United States Secretary of the Treasury from February to October 1814
Feb 13 Ivan Krylov Russia's best known fabulist and probably the most epigrammatic of all Russian authors. While many of his earlier fables were loosely based on Aesop's and La Fontaine's, later fables were original work, often with a satirical bent
Feb 16 Jean-Louis-Brigitte Espagne a French cavalry commander of the French Revolutionary Wars, who rose to the top military rank of General of Division and took part to the Napoleonic Wars.
Feb 17 Johannes Baptista von Albertini a German botanist and clergyman of the Moravian Church. He was born in the town of Neuwied
Mar 1 François Séverin Marceau-Desgraviers a French general of the Revolutionary Wars.
Mar 2 DeWitt Clinton an early American politician and naturalist who served as a United States Senator and was the sixth Governor of New York. In this last capacity, he was largely responsible for the construction of the Erie Canal. Clinton was the leader of New York's People’s Party and was a major rival of Martin Van Buren, who was the Attorney General of New York during Clinton's governorship. Clinton believed that infrastructure improvements could transform American life, drive economic growth, and encourage political participation, and he heavily influenced the development of the New York State and the United States
Mar 4 Muhammad Ali of Egypt an Ottoman Albanian commander in the Ottoman army, who became Wāli, and self-declared Khedive of Egypt and Sudan with the Ottoman's temporary approval. Though not a modern nationalist, he is regarded as the founder of modern Egypt because of the dramatic reforms in the military, economic and cultural spheres that he instituted. He also ruled Levantine territories outside Egypt. The dynasty that he established would rule Egypt and Sudan until the Egyptian Revolution of 1952 led by Muhammad Naguib
Mar 10 Joseph Williamson (philanthropist) best known for the tunnels which were constructed under his direction in the Edge Hill area of Liverpool, England. His philanthropy earned him the nickname the King of Edge Hill, whilst his tunnel-building activity earned him posthumous nicknames, including the Mole of Edge Hill and the Mad Mole
Mar 12 Sir Archibald Campbell 1st Baronet an officer of the British Army. From 1824 to 1826, Gen. Campbell commanded the British forces in the First Anglo-Burmese War, the longest and most expensive war in British Indian history, that gave the British control of Assam, Manipur, Cachar, Jaintia, Arakan and Tenasserim. He became known as the "Hero of Ava". From 1831 to 1837, he was the administrator of the colony of New Brunswick, Canada
Mar 19 François Joseph Bosio a French sculptor who achieved distinction in the first quarter of the nineteenth century with his work for Napoleon and for the restored French monarchy.
Mar 21 Gábor Dayka a Hungarian poet.
Mar 23 William Smith (geologist) an English geologist, credited with creating the first nationwide geological map. He is known as the "Father of English Geology" for collating the geological history of England and Wales into a single record, although recognition was very slow in coming. At the time his map was first published he was overlooked by the scientific community; his relatively humble education and family connections preventing him from mixing easily in learned society. Consequently his work was plagiarised, he was financially ruined, and he spent time in debtors' prison. It was only much later in his life that Smith received recognition for his accomplishments
Mar 23 Augustin Daniel Belliard a French general.
Mar 29 Jean-de-Dieu Soult a French general and statesman, named Marshal of the Empire in 1804 and often called Marshal Soult. Soult would be one of the few French generals to emerge from the Peninsular War with his reputation largely intact. He was one of only six officers in French history to receive the distinction of Marshal General of France. The Duke also served three times as President of the Council of Ministers, or Prime Minister of France
Mar 29 Friedrich Accum a German chemist, whose most important achievements included advances in the field of gas lighting, efforts to keep processed foods free from dangerous additives, and the promotion of interest in the science of chemistry to the general populace. From 1793 to 1821 Accum lived in London. Following an apprenticeship as an apothecary, he opened his own commercial laboratory enterprise. His business manufactured and sold a variety of chemicals and laboratory equipment. Accum, himself, gave fee based public lectures in practical chemistry and collaborated with research efforts at numerous other institutes of science
Apr 3 Christian Günther von Bernstorff a Danish and Prussian statesman and diplomat, son of Count Andreas Peter von Bernstorff.
Apr 5 Sir Thomas Hardy 1st Baronet a Royal Navy officer. He took part in the Battle of Cape St Vincent in February 1797, the Battle of the Nile in August 1798 and the Battle of Copenhagen in April 1801 during the French Revolutionary Wars. He served as flag captain to Admiral Lord Nelson, and commanded HMS Victory at the Battle of Trafalgar in October 1805 during the Napoleonic Wars. Nelson was shot as he paced the decks with Hardy, and as he lay dying, Nelson's famous remark of "Kiss me, Hardy" was directed at him. Hardy went on to become First Naval Lord in November 1830 and in that capacity refused to become a Member of Parliament and encouraged the introduction of steam warships
Apr 10 Jean Lannes a Marshal of the Empire. He was one of Napoleon's most daring and talented generals. Napoleon once commented on Lannes: "I found him a pygmy and left him a giant". A personal friend of the emperor, he was allowed to address him with the familiar "tu", as opposed to the formal "vous"
Apr 11 František Vladislav Hek a Czech patriot active in early phases of the Czech National Revival, writer and composer. He has novel L. Věk by Alois Jirásek
Apr 13 Thomas Lawrence a leading English portrait painter and president of the Royal Academy.
Apr 14 Barthélemy Catherine Joubert a French general. He joined the royal French army in 1784 and rose rapidly in rank during the French Revolutionary Wars. Napoleon Bonaparte recognized his talents and gave him increased responsibilities. Joubert was killed while commanding the French army at the Battle of Novi in 1799
Apr 25 Marc Isambard Brunel a French-born engineer who settled in England. He preferred the name Isambard, but is generally known to history as Marc to avoid confusion with his more famous son Isambard Kingdom Brunel. His most famous achievement was the construction of the Thames Tunnel
May 1 Arthur Wellesley 1st Duke of Wellington a British soldier and statesman, a native of Ireland from the Anglo-Irish Ascendancy, and one of the leading military and political figures of the 19th century. His importance in national history is such that he is often referred to as "the Duke of Wellington" instead of "the 1st Duke of Wellington"
May 2 John Malcolm a Scottish soldier, diplomat, East India Company administrator, statesman, and historian.
May 6 Jean Nicolas Pierre Hachette born at Mézières, where his father was a bookseller.
May 6 Ferdinand III Grand Duke of Tuscany Grand Duke of Tuscany from 1790 to 1801 and, after a period of disenfranchisement, again from 1814 to 1824. He was also the Prince-elector and Grand Duke of Salzburg and Grand Duke of Würzburg
May 7 Giuseppe Farinelli an Italian composer active at the end of the 18th century and the beginning of the 19th century who excelled in writing opera buffas. Considered the successor and most successful imitator of Domenico Cimarosa, the greatest of his roughly 60 operas include I riti d'Efeso , La contadina bizzarra and Ginevra degli Almieri. More than 2/3 of his operas were produced between 1800-1810 at the height of his popularity. With the arrival of Gioachino Rossini his operas became less desirable with the public, and by 1817 his operas were no longer performed. His other compositions include 3 piano forte sonatas, 3 oratorios, 11 cantatas, 5 masses, 2 Te Deums, a Stabat mater, a Salve regina, a Tantum ergo, numerous motets, and several other sacred works
May 20 Aleksey Gorchakov a Russian general and statesman from the Gorchakov family.
May 29 Anna Maria Taigi an Italian woman who was beatified by Pope Benedict XV in 1920.
Jun 1 Józef Elsner a composer, music teacher, and music theoretician, active mainly in Warsaw. He was one of the first composers in Poland to weave elements of folk music into his works
Jun 1 Johannes Scherbius a German physician and botanist.
Jun 5 Edward Daniel Clarke an English naturalist, mineralogist and traveller.
Jun 5 Marianne Kirchgessner a German glass harmonica player left blind by eye disease as a result of smallpox when she was only four years old. Kirchgessner's artistic qualities brought her the attention of great composers such as Muzio Clementi, Johann Gottlieb Naumann, Johann Friedrich Fasch, Johann Friedrich Reichardt and Franz Anton Hoffmeister
Jun 13 Gaetano Savi an Italian naturalist.
Jun 18 Robert Stewart Viscount Castlereagh an Anglo-Irish British statesman. As British Foreign Secretary, from 1812 he was central to the management of the coalition that defeated Napoleon and was the principal British diplomat at the Congress of Vienna. Castlereagh was also leader of the British House of Commons in the Liverpool government from 1812 until his suicide in August 1822. Early in his career, as Chief Secretary for Ireland, he was involved in putting down the Irish Rebellion of 1798 and was instrumental in securing the passage of the Irish Act of Union of 1800
Jun 25 Frederick Ferdinand Duke of Anhalt-Köthen a German prince, Ascanian ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Pless and, from 1818, of the duchy of Anhalt-Köthen. He was the second son of Frederick Erdmann, Prince of Anhalt-Pless, and his wife, Louise Ferdinande, daughter of Henry Ernest, Count of Stolberg-Wernigerode
Jun 26 Jean Dominique Compans a French Divisional General from 1811 and a participant of Napoleonic Wars.
Jun 30 Pierre Derbigny the sixth Governor of Louisiana. Born in 1769, at Laon near Lille, France, the eldest son of Augustin Bourguignon d'Herbigny who was President of the Directoire de l'Aisne and Mayor of Laon, and Louise Angelique Blondela
Jul 9 Louis Antoine Fauvelet de Bourrienne a French diplomat.
Jul 16 Edmund Fanning an American explorer and sea captain, known as the "Pathfinder of the Pacific.".
Jul 17 Wilhelm Gottlieb Tilesius von Tilenau a German naturalist and explorer, physician, draftsman and engraver. He was a member of the Order of Vladimir and of the Legion of Honour
Jul 23 Alexey Nikolayevich Titov a Russian composer and violinist.
Jul 28 Hudson Lowe best known for his time as Governor of St Helena where he was the "gaoler" of Napoleon Bonaparte.
Jul 29 Louis-Benoît Picard a French playwright actor, novelist, poet and music director.