Born in 1770

Jan 14 Adam Jerzy Czartoryski a Polish-Lithuanian noble, statesman and author. He was the son of Prince Adam Kazimierz Czartoryski and Izabela Fleming
Jan 18 Lucile Duplessis the wife of the French revolutionary and journalist Camille Desmoulins. She was the daughter of Claude Etienne Laridon Duplessis, an official of the French Treasury, and Anne Françoise Marie Boisdeveix. Her sister, Adèle Duplessis, was briefly engaged to Maximilien Robespierre
Jan 18 Nicolas Léonard Beker or Nicolas Léonard Becker or Nicolas Léonard Bagert, born 18 January 1770 – died 18 November 1840, joined the French army as a dragoon before the French Revolutionary Wars and rose in rank to become a general officer. In 1800 he married the sister of Louis Desaix, who was killed at the Battle of Marengo. He led an infantry brigade in the 1805 campaign and commanded a dragoon division in 1806 and 1807. In 1809 he became chief of staff to Marshal André Masséna but ran afoul of Emperor Napoleon and was banished from the army for several years
Feb 5 Alexandre Brongniart a French chemist, mineralogist, and zoologist, who collaborated with Georges Cuvier on a study of the geology of the region around Paris. He was the son of the architect Alexandre-Théodore Brongniart and father of the botanist Adolphe-Théodore Brongniart
Feb 9 Ferdinando Carulli an Italian composer for classical guitar and the author of the influential Méthode complète pour guitare ou lyre, 27 , which contains music still used by student guitarists today. He wrote a variety of works for classical guitar, including numerous solo and chamber works and several concertos. He was an extremely prolific writer, composing over 400 works for the instrument
Feb 15 Ferdinand von Wintzingerode a German nobleman and officer in several different armies of the Napoleonic Wars, finally ending up as a general in the Imperial Russian army and fighting in the War of the Sixth Coalition against the French invasion of Russia and the subsequent campaigns in Germany and France. He appears in Tolstoy's War and Peace
Feb 18 Christian Heinrich Rinck a German composer and organist of the late classical and early romantic eras.
Feb 21 Georges Mouton a French soldier and political figure who rose to the rank of Marshal of France.
Feb 26 Anton Reicha a Bohemian-born, later naturalized French composer of music very much in the German style. A contemporary and lifelong friend of Beethoven, he is now best remembered for his substantial early contributions to the wind quintet literature and his role as teacher of pupils including Franz Liszt and Hector Berlioz. He was also an accomplished theorist, and wrote several treatises on various aspects of composition. Some of his theoretical work dealt with experimental methods of composition, which he applied in a variety of works such as fugues and études for piano and string quartet
Feb 27 Juan Bautista Arriaza a Spanish poet and writer.
Mar 1 Louis-Pierre Montbrun appointed to command his regiment, having served therein from trooper upwards.
Mar 2 Louis-Gabriel Suchet a Marshal of France and one of Napoleon's most brilliant generals.
Mar 4 Joseph Jacotot a French teacher and educational philosopher, creator of the method of "intellectual emancipation.".
Mar 5 Hans Ernst Karl Graf von Zieten an officer in the Prussian Army during the Napoleonic Wars.
Mar 7 Gabriel Jean Joseph Molitor a Marshal of France.
Mar 11 William Huskisson a British statesman, financier, and Member of Parliament for several constituencies, including Liverpool. He is best known today, however, as the world's first widely reported railway casualty as he was run over by George Stephenson's locomotive engine Rocket
Mar 12 François Gérard a French painter born in Rome, where his father occupied a post in the house of the French ambassador. His mother was Italian. As a baron of the Empire he is sometimes referred to as Baron Gérard
Mar 13 Daniel Lambert a gaol keeper and animal breeder from Leicester, England, famous for his unusually large size. After serving four years as an apprentice at an engraving and die casting works in Birmingham, he returned to Leicester around 1788 and succeeded his father as keeper of Leicester's gaol. He was a keen sportsman and extremely strong, on one occasion he fought a bear in the streets of Leicester. He was an expert in sporting animals, widely respected for his expertise with dogs, horses and fighting cocks
Mar 20 Friedrich Hölderlin a major German lyric poet, commonly associated with the artistic movement known as Romanticism. Hölderlin was also an important thinker in the development of German Idealism, particularly his early association with and philosophical influence on his seminary roommates and fellow Swabians Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel and Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling
Mar 22 Sophie Ristaud Cottin a French writer whose novels were popular in the 19th century, and were translated into several different languages.
Mar 24 Pierre-Marie-François Baour-Lormian a French poet and writer. He wrote under the names Pierre-Marie-François Baour-Lormian, Louis-Pierre-Marie-François, Pierre-Marie-François-Louis or Pierre-Marie-Louis Baour-Lormian
Mar 25 Antoine Richepanse a French revolutionary general and colonial administrator.
Mar 27 Sophie Mereau a writer of the German romantic school. Her maiden name was Schubart, but she did most of her work under the married name of Mereau. She also later married a second time, to writer Clemens Brentano, and took her husband's surname as her own
Apr 2 Alexandre Pétion the first President of the Republic of Haiti from 1807 until his death in 1818. He is one of Haiti's founding fathers, together with Toussaint Louverture, Jean-Jacques Dessalines, and his rival Henri Christophe
Apr 2 Pasquale Galluppi an Italian philosopher.
Apr 3 Theodoros Kolokotronis a Greek general and the pre-eminent leader of the Greek War of Independence against the Ottoman Empire. Kolokotronis's greatest success was the defeat of the Ottoman army under Mahmud Dramali Pasha at the Battle of Dervenakia in 1822. In 1825, he was appointed commander-in-chief of the Greek forces in the Peloponnese. Today, Kolokotronis ranks among the most revered of the protagonists of Greece's War of Independence
Apr 7 William Wordsworth a major English Romantic poet who, with Samuel Taylor Coleridge, helped to launch the Romantic Age in English literature with their joint publication Lyrical Ballads.
Apr 8 John Thomas Campbell an public servant and politician in the New South Wales Legislative Assembly during the early colonial period.
Apr 9 Thomas Johann Seebeck a physicist who in 1821 discovered the thermoelectric effect.
Apr 11 George Canning a British statesman and politician who served as Foreign Secretary and was briefly Prime Minister.
Apr 25 Georg Sverdrup well known for being a member of Norwegian Constituent Assembly in Eidsvoll in 1814 and later the parliament. He was also responsible for building the first Norwegian university library. He was the uncle of the well known prime minister Johan Sverdrup
Apr 27 Edward Codrington a British admiral, hero of the Battle of Trafalgar and the Battle of Navarino.
Apr 30 David Thompson (explorer) a British-Canadian fur trader, surveyor, and map-maker, known to some native peoples as "Koo-Koo-Sint" or "the Stargazer." Over his career he mapped over 3.9 million square kilometers of North America and for this has been described as the "greatest land geographer who ever lived.".
May 10 Louis-Nicolas Davout a Marshal of the Empire during the Napoleonic Era. His prodigious talent for war along with his reputation as a stern disciplinarian, earned him the title "The Iron Marshal". He is ranked along with Masséna and Lannes as one of Napoleon's finest commanders. He was one of the few commanders during the Napoleonic Wars who was never defeated on the field. His loyalty and obedience to Napoleon were absolute. During his lifetime, Davout's name was commonly spelled Davoust, which is how it appears on the Arc de Triomphe and in much of the correspondence between Napoleon and his generals
May 22 Princess Elizabeth of the United Kingdom the seventh child and third daughter of King George III and Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. After marrying the Landgrave of Hesse-Homburg, Frederick VI, she took permanent residence in Germany as landgravine
May 24 Princess Louise of Prussia (1770–1836) a member of the House of Hohenzollern. She was a niece of Frederick the Great, being the second daughter and third child of Prince Augustus Ferdinand of Prussia by his wife Margravine Elisabeth Louise of Brandenburg-Schwedt
Jun 1 Friedrich Laun a German novelist, who wrote under the pen name Friedrich Laun. Schulze was born in Dresden. His first novel, Der Mann, auf Freiersfüssen , was favorably received. He wrote many volumes, and with Johann August Apel edited a ghost story anthology Das Gespensterbuch
Jun 3 Manuel Belgrano an Argentine economist, lawyer, politician, and military leader. He took part in the Argentine Wars of Independence and created the Flag of Argentina. He is regarded as one of the main Libertadores of the country
Jun 7 Robert Jenkinson 2nd Earl of Liverpool an English politician and both the youngest and longest-serving Prime Minister since 1806. As Prime Minister, Liverpool called for repressive measures at the local level to maintain order after the riots of 1819. He dealt smoothly with the Prince Regent when King George III was incapacitated. He also steered the country through the period of radicalism and unrest that followed the Napoleonic Wars. He favoured commercial and manufacturing interests as well as the landed interest. He sought a compromise of the heated issue of Catholic emancipation. The revival of the economy strengthened his political position. By the 1820s he was the leader of a reform faction of "Liberal Tories" who lowered the tariff, abolished the death penalty for many offenses, and reformed the criminal law. By the time of his death in office, however, the Tory Party was ripping itself apart. John Derry says he was
Jun 20 Moses Waddel an American educator and minister in antebellum Georgia and South Carolina. Famous as a teacher during his life, Moses Waddel was author of the bestselling book Memoirs of the Life of Miss Caroline Elizabeth Smelt
Jun 22 Wilhelm Traugott Krug a German philosopher and writer.
Jun 24 Gore Ouseley a British entrepreneur, linguist and diplomat. He was born in 1770 and died at Hall Barn Park, Beaconsfield, Buckinghamshire in 1844. He negotiated an important treaty between Russia and Persia in 1813 which redrew their common borders
Jul 7 Miguel Ricardo de Álava y Esquivel a Spanish General and statesman. He was born in the Basque Country of Spain, at Vitoria-Gasteiz, in 1770. Álava holds the distinction of having been present at both Trafalgar and Waterloo, fighting against the British on the former and with them on the latter. Alava served as a naval aide-de-camp during the time of Spain's alliance with France but switched sides following Napoleon's invasion of his homeland in 1808. Later he joined the headquarters of the British Peninsular Army as a military attaché and became a close friend of the Duke of Wellington. During the Waterloo Campaign in 1815, Alava was the Spanish envoy to the court of King William I of the Netherlands, which allowed him to be at Wellington's side during the battle
Jul 13 Alexander Balashov a Russian general and statesman.
Jul 18 David Pierre Giottino Humbert de Superville a Dutch artist and art scholar. He was a draughtsman, lithographer, etcher, and portrait painter, and also wrote treatises on art, including the influential work Essai sur les signes inconditionnels dans l'art. His 1815 painting of the jurist and statesman Johan Melchior Kemper is now part of the collection of the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam
Jul 22 Jean Maximilien Lamarque a French commander during the Napoleonic Wars who later became a member of French Parliament. Lamarque served with distinction in many of Napoleon's campaigns. He was particularly noted for his capture of Capri from the British, and for his defeat of Royalist forces in the Vendée in 1815. The latter campaign received great praise from Napoleon, who said Lamarque had "performed wonders, and even surpassed my hopes"
Aug 1 William Clark (explorer) an American explorer, soldier, Indian agent, and territorial governor. A native of Virginia, he grew up in prestatehood Kentucky before later settling in what became the state of Missouri. Clark was a planter and slaveholder
Aug 2 Pierre Dumanoir le Pelley a French Navy officer, best known for commanding the vanguard of the French fleet at the Battle of Trafalgar.
Aug 3 Frederick William III of Prussia king of Prussia from 1797 to 1840. He ruled Prussia during the difficult times of the Napoleonic wars and the end of the old German Empire. Steering a careful course between France and her enemies, after a major military defeat in 1806, he eventually and reluctantly joined the coalition against Napoleon in the Befreiungskriege. Following Napoleon's defeat he was King of Prussia during the Congress of Vienna which assembled to settle the political questions arising from the new, post-Napoleonic order in Europe
Aug 4 François Étienne de Kellermann a French cavalry general noted for his daring and skillful exploits during the Napoleonic Wars. He was the son of François Christophe de Kellermann and the father of the diplomat François Christophe Edmond de Kellermann