Died in 1770

Jan 2 Joseph Anton Feuchtmayer an important Rococo stuccoist and sculptor, active in southern Germany and Switzerland.
Jan 7 Carl Gustaf Tessin a Swedish politician and son of architect Nicodemus Tessin the Younger and Hedvig Eleonora Stenbock. He was one of the most brilliant personages of his day, and the most prominent representative of French culture in Sweden. He was also a fine orator
Jan 20 Charles Yorke Lord Chancellor of Great Britain.
Feb 26 Giuseppe Tartini an Italian Baroque composer and violinist.
Mar 5 Crispus Attucks may have been an American slave or freeman, merchant seaman and dockworker of Wampanoag and African descent. He was the first casualty of the Boston Massacre, in Boston, Massachusetts, and is widely considered to be the first American casualty in the American Revolutionary War
Mar 7 Teresa Margaret of the Sacred Heart O.C.D. was an Italian Discalced Carmelite nun. During her brief life of quiet service in the monastery, she came to be revered for her mystical gifts. She has been declared a saint by the Catholic Church
Mar 23 Martin van Meytens a Dutch-Swedish painter who painted members of the royal Court of Austria such as Marie Antoinette, Maria Theresa of Austria, Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor, the Emperor's family and others. His painting style has inspired many other painters to paint in a similar format
Mar 27 Giovanni Battista Tiepolo an Italian painter and printmaker from the Republic of Venice. He was prolific, and worked not only in Italy, but also in Germany and Spain
Apr 25 Jean-Antoine Nollet a French clergyman and physicist. As a priest, he was also known as Abbé Nollet
Apr 28 John Ligonier 1st Earl Ligonier a French-born British soldier. He enjoyed a distinguished career as an active officer, and later became a leading official of the Pitt-Newcastle Ministry that led Britain during the Seven Years' War exercising extensive control over Britain's army as Commander-in-Chief of the Forces
Apr 28 Marie Anne de Cupis de Camargo a French/Belgian dancer. The first woman to execute the entrechat quatre, Camargo was also responsible for two innovations in ballet as she was the first dancer to wear slippers instead of heeled shoes, and she was the first female to wear the short calf-length ballet skirt and the now standardized ballet tights
May 27 Sophie Magdalene of Brandenburg-Kulmbach queen-consort of Denmark and Norway as the wife of King Christian VI of Denmark and Norway.
May 30 François Boucher a French painter in the Rococo style. Boucher is known for his idyllic and voluptuous paintings on classical themes, decorative allegories, and pastoral scenes. He was perhaps the most celebrated painter and decorative artist of the 18th century. He also painted several portraits of his patroness, Madame de Pompadour
Jun 19 Diego de Torres Villarroel a Spanish writer, poet, dramatist, doctor, mathematician, priest and professor of the University of Salamanca. His most famous work is his autobiography, Vida, ascendencia, nacimiento, crianza y aventuras del Doctor Don Diego de Torres Villarroel
Jun 23 Mark Akenside an English poet and physician.
Jul 4 Pyotr Krenitsyn a Russian explorer and Captain/Lieutenant of the Imperial Russian Navy. Following Vitus Bering's 1741 tragic venture he was the first to conduct an expedition to Alaska and the Aleutians. Krenitsyn was sent, together with Mikhail Levashev, by Russian Empress Catherine II to explore the northern parts of the Pacific Ocean and particularly the area around the Bering strait in four ships. Krenitsyn was the commander of the ship Catherine and Levashev commanded the ship Paul
Jul 7 Suzuki Harunobu a Japanese designer of woodblock print artist in the Ukiyo-e style. He was an innovator, the first to produce full-color prints in 1765, rendering obsolete the former modes of two- and three-color prints. Harunobu used many special techniques, and depicted a wide variety of subjects, from classical poems to contemporary beauties. Like many artists of his day, Harunobu also produced a number of shunga, or erotic images. During his lifetime and shortly afterwards, many artists imitated his style. A few, such as Harushige, even boasted of their ability to forge the work of the great master. Much about Harunobu's life is unknown
Jul 16 Francis Cotes an English painter, one of the pioneers of English pastel painting, and a founding member of the Royal Academy in 1768.
Jul 27 Robert Dinwiddie a British colonial administrator who served as lieutenant governor of colonial Virginia from 1751 to 1758, first under Governor Willem Anne van Keppel, 2nd Earl of Albemarle, and then, from July 1756 to January 1758, as deputy for John Campbell, 4th Earl of Loudoun. Since the governors at that time were largely absentee, he was the de facto head of the colony for much of the time
Aug 3 Guillaume-François Rouelle a French chemist and apothecary. In 1754 he introduced the concept of a base into chemistry, as a substance which reacts with an acid to give it solid form
Aug 6 Duke Clement Francis of Bavaria the son of the Imperial Field Marshal, Ferdinand of Bavaria , and the grandson of Maximilian II Emanuel, Elector of Bavaria.
Aug 24 Thomas Chatterton an English poet and forger of pseudo-medieval poetry. He committed suicide, dying of arsenic poisoning. His works and death were much discussed posthumously and had an influence on the Romantic movement
Sep 9 Bernhard Siegfried Albinus a German-born Dutch anatomist.
Sep 30 George Whitefield an English Anglican preacher who helped spread the Great Awakening in Britain, and especially in the American colonies.
Sep 30 Thomas Robinson 1st Baron Grantham a British diplomatist and politician.
Oct 1 Louis-Gabriel Guillemain a French composer and violinist.
Oct 14 Benning Wentworth the colonial governor of New Hampshire from 1741 to 1766.
Oct 17 Henri François Le Dran a French surgeon.
Oct 18 John Manners Marquess of Granby the eldest son of the 3rd Duke of Rutland. As he did not outlive his father, he was known by his father's subsidiary title, Marquess of Granby. Granby served in the Seven Years' War as overall commander of the British troops on the battlefield and was subsequently rewarded with the post of Commander-in-Chief of the Forces. He was popular with his troops and many public houses are still named after him today
Nov 1 Gaspare Traversi an Italian Rococo painter best known for his genre works. Active mostly in his native city of Naples, he also painted throughout Italy, including a stay in Parma
Nov 9 John Campbell 4th Duke of Argyll a Scottish Whig politician in the 17th and 18th centuries.
Nov 13 George Grenville a British Whig statesman who rose to the position of Prime Minister of Great Britain. Grenville was born into an influential political family and first entered Parliament in 1741 as an MP for Buckingham. He emerged as one of Cobham's Cubs, a group of young members of Parliament associated with Lord Cobham
Nov 17 Gian Francesco de Majo an Italian composer. He is chiefly known for his more than 20 operas. He also composed a considerable amount of sacred works, including oratorios, cantatas, and masses
Nov 19 François-Augustin de Paradis de Moncrif a French writer and poet, of a family originally of Scots origin. He was appointed royal historiographer to Louis XV of France. His parody of owlishly pedantic scholarship, Histoire des chats, and the protection of the house of Orléans gained him entry to the Académie française. Maurepas records in his memoirs that at the induction ceremony, a member let loose a cat he had secreted in his pocket: the cat miaowed, the Académiciens miaowed and the serious oration dissolved in laughter
Nov 24 Charles-Jean-François Hénault a French writer and historian.
Dec 5 James Stirling (mathematician) a Scottish mathematician. The Stirling numbers, Stirling permutations, and Stirling's approximation are named after him. He also proved the correctness of Isaac Newton's classification of cubics
Dec 9 Gottlieb Muffat appointed to the position of third court organist at the Hofkapelle in 1717. He acquired additional duties over time including the instruction of members of the Imperial family, among them the future Empress Maria Theresa. He was promoted to second organist in 1729 and first organist upon the accession of Maria Theresa to the throne in 1741. He retired from official duties at the court in 1763
Dec 13 Johann Heinrich Hartmann Bätz a German-Dutch organ builder.