1771 in history

1771 events chronologically

Feb 12 Gustav III becomes the King of Sweden
May 16 The Battle of Alamance, a pre-American Revolutionary War battle between local militia and a group of rebels called The "Regulators", occurs in present-day Alamance County, North Carolina
Jul 14 Foundation of the Mission San Antonio de Padua in modern California by the Franciscan friar Junípero Serra
Jul 17 Bloody Falls Massacre: Chipewyan chief Matonabbee, traveling as the guide to Samuel Hearne on his Arctic overland journey, massacres a group of unsuspecting Inuit
Aug 17 Edinburgh botanist James Robertson makes the first recorded ascent of Ben Nevis in Scotland
Oct 9 The Dutch merchant ship Vrouw Maria sinks near the coast of Finland
Oct 17 Premiere in Milan of the opera Ascanio in Alba, composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, age 15

Top 7 most famous people born in 1771

Apr 13 Richard Trevithick a British inventor and mining engineer from Cornwall, Born in the mining heartland of Cornwall, Trevithick was immersed in mining and engineering from a young age. The son of a mining captain, he performed poorly in school, but went on to be an early pioneer of steam-powered road and rail transport. His most significant contribution was to the development of the first high-pressure steam engine. He also built the first full-scale working railway steam locomotive. On 21 February 1804 the world's first locomotive-hauled railway journey took place as Trevithick's unnamed steam locomotive hauled a train along the tramway of the Penydarren Ironworks, in Merthyr Tydfil, Wales
May 14 Robert Owen a Welsh social reformer and one of the founders of utopian socialism and the cooperative movement.
Jun 5 Ernest Augustus I of Hanover King of Hanover from 20 June 1837 until his death. He was the fifth son and eighth child of George III, who reigned in both the United Kingdom and Hanover. As a fifth son, initially Ernest seemed unlikely to become a monarch, but Salic Law, which barred women from the succession, applied in Hanover and none of his older brothers had legitimate male issue. Therefore, he became King of Hanover when his niece, Victoria, became Queen of the United Kingdom, ending the personal union between Britain and Hanover that had existed since 1714
Aug 15 Walter Scott a Scottish historical novelist, playwright, and poet.
Sep 5 Archduke Charles Duke of Teschen an Austrian field-marshal, the third son of emperor Leopold II and his wife Infanta Maria Luisa of Spain. He was also the younger brother of Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor. Despite being epileptic, Charles achieved respect both as a commander and as a reformer of the Austrian army. He was considered one of Napoleon's most formidable opponents
Sep 11 Mungo Park (explorer) a Scottish explorer of the African continent. He was the first Westerner known to have travelled to the central portion of the Niger River
Oct 12 Mikhail Miloradovich a Russian general of Serbian origin, prominent during the Napoleonic Wars. He entered military service on the eve of the Russo-Swedish War of 1788–1790 and his career advanced rapidly during the reign of Paul He served under Alexander Suvorov during Italian and Swiss campaigns of 1799

Top 7 most famous people died in 1771

Feb 12 Adolf Frederick King of Sweden King of Sweden from 1751 until his death. He was the son of Christian August of Holstein-Gottorp, Prince of Eutin and Albertina Frederica of Baden-Durlach
Apr 29 Francesco Bartolomeo Rastrelli a French-born Russian-Italian architect. He developed an easily recognizable style of Late Baroque, both sumptuous and majestic. His major works, including the Winter Palace in Saint Petersburg and the Catherine Palace in Tsarskoye Selo, are famed for extravagant luxury and opulence of decoration
May 21 Christopher Smart an English poet. He was a major contributor to two popular magazines and a friend to influential cultural icons like Samuel Johnson and Henry Fielding. Smart, a high church Anglican, was widely known throughout London
Jul 30 Thomas Gray an English poet, letter-writer, classical scholar and professor at Cambridge University. He is widely known for his Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard, published in 1751
Sep 17 Tobias Smollett a Scottish poet and author. He was best known for his picaresque novels, such as The Adventures of Roderick Random and The Adventures of Peregrine Pickle , which influenced later novelists such as Charles Dickens. George Orwell admired Smollett very much. His novels were amended liberally by printers; a definitive edition of each of his works was edited by O. Brack, to correct variants
Dec 18 Philip Miller an English botanist of Scottish descent.
Dec 26 Claude Adrien Helvétius a French philosopher and littérateur.