Born in 1771

Jan 1 Georges Cadoudal a French politician, and leader of the Chouannerie during the French Revolution. He was named a Marshal of France in 1814
Jan 3 Louis Pierre Édouard Baron Bignon a French diplomat and historian.
Jan 11 Camille Jordan (politician) a French politician born in Lyon of a well-to-do mercantile family.
Jan 14 Jean Reynier Louis Ebénézer Reynier rose in rank to become a French army general officer during the French Revolutionary Wars. He led a division under Napoleon Bonaparte in the French Campaign in Egypt and Syria. During the Napoleonic Wars he continued to hold important combat commands, eventually leading an army corps during the Peninsular War in 1810-1811 and during the War of the Sixth Coalition in 1812-1813
Jan 17 Charles Brockden Brown generally regarded by scholars as the most important American novelist before James Fenimore Cooper. He is the most frequently studied and republished practitioner of the "early American novel," or the US novel between 1789 and roughly 1820. Although Brown was not the first American novelist, as some early criticism claimed, the breadth and complexity of his achievement as a writer in multiple genres makes him a crucial figure in US literature and culture of the 1790s and first decade of the 19th century, and a significant public intellectual in the wider Atlantic print culture and public sphere of the era of the French Revolution
Jan 30 Jorge Tadeo Lozano a Neogranadine scientist, journalist, and politician who presided over the Constituent College of Cundinamarca and was elected President of Cundinamarca in 1811.
Jan 30 George Bass a British naval surgeon and explorer of Australia.
Feb 22 Vincenzo Camuccini an Italian painter of Neoclassic histories and religious paintings. He was considered the premier academic painter of his time in Rome
Feb 24 Johann Baptist Cramer an English musician of German origin. He was the son of Wilhelm Cramer, a famous London violinist and musical conductor, one of a numerous family who were identified with the progress of music during the 18th and 19th centuries
Mar 5 Wilhelm Daniel Joseph Koch a German physician and botanist from Kusel, a town in the Rhineland-Palatinate.
Mar 9 Henry Clinton (Napoleonic Wars) a British Army officer and a general officer during the Napoleonic Wars.
Mar 10 Georg Friedrich Creuzer a German philologist and archaeologist.
Mar 14 Józef Chłopicki a Polish general who was involved in fighting in Europe at the time of Napoleon and later.
Mar 15 Robert Hett Chapman a Presbyterian minister and missionary and the second president of the University of North Carolina.
Mar 16 Antoine-Jean Gros both a French history and neoclassical painter.
Mar 20 Heinrich Clauren a German author.
Mar 22 Heinrich Zschokke a German, later Swiss, author and reformer. Most of his life was spent, and most of his reputation earned, in Switzerland. He had an extensive civil service career, and wrote histories, fiction and other works which were widely known
Apr 3 Hans Nielsen Hauge a noted revivalist Norwegian lay minister who spoke up against the Church establishment in Norway. Hauge is considered an influential personality in the industrialization of Norway. He is commemorated annually on 29 March as a renewer of the church by the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America
Apr 7 Fra Diavolo the popular name given to Michele Pezza, a famous Neapolitan guerrilla leader who resisted the French occupation of Naples, proving an “inspirational practitioner of popular insurrection”. Pezza figures prominently in folk lore and fiction. He appears in several works of Alexandre Dumas, including The Last Cavalier: Being the Adventures of Count Sainte-hermine in the Age of Napoleon, not published until 2007 and in Washington Irving's short story "The Inn at Terracina"
Apr 7 Louis Binot Governor General of Pondicherry in 1802. Binot was "Colonel / Chief of Brigade" in 121st Regiment of infantry of line which is made under the French Revolution. On 22 November 1806, he was made as "General of Brigade". He was given the order of Legion of Honour on 25 December 1805. He was killed at the Battle of Eylau
Apr 13 Richard Trevithick a British inventor and mining engineer from Cornwall, Born in the mining heartland of Cornwall, Trevithick was immersed in mining and engineering from a young age. The son of a mining captain, he performed poorly in school, but went on to be an early pioneer of steam-powered road and rail transport. His most significant contribution was to the development of the first high-pressure steam engine. He also built the first full-scale working railway steam locomotive. On 21 February 1804 the world's first locomotive-hauled railway journey took place as Trevithick's unnamed steam locomotive hauled a train along the tramway of the Penydarren Ironworks, in Merthyr Tydfil, Wales
Apr 15 Nicolas Chopin a teacher of French language in Prussian- and Russian-ruled Poland, and father of Polish composer Frédéric Chopin.
Apr 18 Karl Philipp Prince of Schwarzenberg an Austrian field marshal.
Apr 20 Népomucène Lemercier ].
Apr 24 Samuel Linde a linguist, librarian, and lexicographer of the Polish language. He was director of the Prussian-founded Warsaw Lyceum during its existence , and an important figure of the Polish Enlightenment
Apr 27 Jean Rapp a French Army general during the French Revolutionary Wars and the Napoleonic Wars.
May 5 Duke Alexander of Württemberg (1771–1833) a Duke of Württemberg. The son of Frederick II Eugene, Duke of Württemberg and of Sophia Dorothea of Brandenburg-Schwedt. His sister Sophie Dorothea married Tsar Paul I of Russia
May 11 Laskarina Bouboulina a Greek naval commander, heroine of the Greek War of Independence in 1821, and an Admiral of the Imperial Russian Navy.
May 14 Robert Owen a Welsh social reformer and one of the founders of utopian socialism and the cooperative movement.
May 16 Louis Henri Loison briefly joined the French Army in 1787 and after the French Revolution became a junior officer. Blessed with military talent and courage, he rapidly rose to general officer rank during the French Revolutionary Wars. He also got into difficulties because of his fondness for plundering. In late 1795 he helped Napoleon Bonaparte crush a revolt against the government. After a hiatus, he returned in 1799 to fight in Switzerland where he earned another promotion. In 1800 he commanded a division under Napoleon in the Marengo Campaign
May 19 Rahel Varnhagen a German writer who hosted one of the most prominent salons in Europe during the late 18th and early 19th centuries. She is the subject of a celebrated biography, Rahel Varnhagen: The Life of a Jewess , written by Hannah Arendt. Arendt cherished Varnhagen as her "closest friend, though she ha been dead for some hundred years". The asteroid 100029 Varnhagen is named in her honour
May 19 Hendrik George de Perponcher Sedlnitsky a Dutch general and diplomat. He commanded the 2nd Netherlands Division at the Battle of Quatre Bras and the Battle of Waterloo
May 25 Johann Christian Rosenmüller a German anatomist born near Hildburghausen, Thuringia. He was the son of theologian Johann Georg Rosenmüller
May 27 Johann Severin Vater a German theologian, biblical scholar, and linguist.
Jun 3 Charles Bernard Desormes a French physicist and chemist. He determined the ratio of the specific heats of gases in 1819. He did this and almost all his scientific work in collaboration with his son-in-law Nicolas Clément. Clément and Desormes correctly determined the composition of carbon disulphide and carbon monoxide in 1801–02. In 1806 they elucidated all the chemical reactions that take place during the production of sulphuric acid by the lead chamber method, as used in industrial chemistry. In 1813 they made a study of iodine and its compounds
Jun 4 Charles Antoine Morand a general of the French army during the French Revolutionary Wars and Napoleonic Wars. He fought at many of the most important battles of the time, including Austerlitz, Borodino and Waterloo
Jun 5 Ernest Augustus I of Hanover King of Hanover from 20 June 1837 until his death. He was the fifth son and eighth child of George III, who reigned in both the United Kingdom and Hanover. As a fifth son, initially Ernest seemed unlikely to become a monarch, but Salic Law, which barred women from the succession, applied in Hanover and none of his older brothers had legitimate male issue. Therefore, he became King of Hanover when his niece, Victoria, became Queen of the United Kingdom, ending the personal union between Britain and Hanover that had existed since 1714
Jun 12 Patrick Gass served as sergeant in the Lewis and Clark Expedition. He was important to the expedition because of his service as a carpenter, and he published the first journal of the expedition in 1807, seven years before the first publication based on Lewis and Clark's journals
Jun 18 Justo Figuerola President of Peru during two brief periods; for a few days in 1843 and briefly in 1844.
Jun 19 Joseph Diaz Gergonne a French mathematician and logician.
Jun 20 Thomas Douglas 5th Earl of Selkirk a Scottish peer. He was born at Saint Mary's Isle, Kirkcudbrightshire, Scotland. He was noteworthy as a Scottish philanthropist who sponsored immigrant settlements in Canada at the Red River Colony
Jun 20 Hermann von Boyen a Prussian army officer who helped to reform the Prussian Army in the early 19th century. He also served as minister of war of Prussia in the period 1810-1813 and later again from 1 March 1841 – 6 October 1847
Jun 24 Éleuthère Irénée du Pont a French-American chemist and industrialist who founded the gunpowder manufacturer, I. du Pont de Nemours and Company. His descendants, the Du Pont family, were one of America's richest and most prominent families in the 19th and 20th centuries
Jul 1 Ferdinando Paer an Italian composer known for his operas and oratorios. He was of Austrian descent and used the German spelling Pär in application for printing in Venice, and later in France the spelling Paër
Jul 7 Princess Louise Auguste of Denmark the daughter of Queen Caroline Matilda of Great Britain. Though officially regarded as the daughter of King Christian VII, it is widely accepted that her biological father was Johann Friedrich Struensee, the king’s royal physician and de facto regent of the country at the time of her birth. She was referred to sometimes as "la petite Struensee"; this did not, however, have any effect on her position
Jul 11 Princess Karoline Amalie of Hesse-Kassel a German princess and member of the House of Hesse-Kassel by birth, and Duchess of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg by marriage.
Jul 14 Karl Rudolphi credited with being the "father of helminthology".
Jul 19 Thomas Talbot (Upper Canada) an Irish-born Canadian soldier and politician.
Aug 1 Johann Philipp Achilles Leisler a German physician and naturalist.
Aug 8 Ernest Constantine Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal a member of the House of Hesse and Landgrave of Hesse-Philippsthal from 1816 until his death.