Born in 1772

Jan 4 Anton Friedrich Justus Thibaut a German jurist and musician.
Jan 4 Paul Louis Courier born in Paris.
Jan 5 Balthasar von Campenhausen a Russian statesman who held the ranks of Privy Councilor and Chamberlain.
Jan 12 Mikhail Speransky a Russian reformist during the reign of Alexander I of Russia, to which he was a close advisor. He later served under Tsar Nicholas I of Russia. Speransky is referred to as the father of Russian liberalism
Feb 3 Jean-Étienne Dominique Esquirol a French psychiatrist.
Feb 3 Gavriil Kamenev a Russian poet, writer, and translator.
Feb 4 Josiah Quincy III a U.S. educator and political figure. He was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives , Mayor of Boston , and President of Harvard University. The historic Quincy Market in downtown Boston is named in his honor
Feb 6 Karl von Kügelgen a landscape and history painter, a Russian court and cabinet painter in Petersburg, a member of the Royal Russian Academy of Arts in Petersburg, and a member of the Royal Prussian Academy of Arts in Berlin.
Feb 6 George Murray (British Army officer) a Scottish soldier and politician.
Feb 9 Frans Michael Franzén a Swedish and Finnish poet.
Feb 9 John Gore (Royal Navy admiral) a British naval commander of the 18th and 19th centuries. His father was Colonel John Gore
Feb 10 Lykourgos Logothetis a Samian who became the island's leader during the Greek War of Independence.
Feb 16 Friedrich Gilly a German architect and the son of the architect David Gilly.
Feb 18 Giovanni Battista Brocchi an Italian naturalist, mineralogist and geologist.
Feb 24 William H. Crawford an American politician and judge during the early 19th century. He served as United States Secretary of War from 1815 to 1816 and United States Secretary of the Treasury from 1816 to 1825, and was a candidate for President of the United States in 1824
Feb 26 Gerhard von Kügelgen a German painter, noted for his portraits and history paintings. He was a professor at the Academy of Arts in Dresden and a member of both the Prussian and Russian Academies of Arts. His twin brother, Karl von Kügelgen, was also a painter of note
Feb 29 Joseph Marie baron de Gérando a French jurist, philanthropist and philosopher of Italian descent.
Mar 10 Karl Wilhelm Friedrich Schlegel a German poet, literary critic, philosopher, philologist and indologist. With his older brother, August Wilhelm Schlegel, he was one of the main figures of the Jena romantics. He was a zealous promoter of the Romantic movement and inspired Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Adam Mickiewicz and Kazimierz Brodziński. Schlegel was a pioneer in Indo-European studies, comparative linguistics, in what became known as Grimm's law, and morphological typology. As a young man he was an atheist, a radical, and an individualist. Ten years later, the same Schlegel converted to Catholicism. Around 1810 he was a diplomat and journalist in the service of Metternich, surrounded by monks and pious men of society
Mar 15 József Ficzkó a Slovene born Roman Catholic priest and writer. After becoming priest in the village of Peresznye near the actual Hungarian-Austrian border he became one of the most important Burgenland Croatian writers of his time
Mar 17 Charles Leclerc a French Army general and husband to Pauline Bonaparte, sister to Napoleon Bonaparte.
Mar 30 Johann Wilhelm Wilms a Dutch-German composer, best known for setting the poem Wien Neêrlands Bloed to music, which served as the Dutch national anthem from 1815 to 1932.
Apr 4 Nachman of Breslov the founder of the Breslov Hasidic movement.
Apr 7 Charles Fourier a French philosopher and an important early socialist thinker later associated with "utopian socialism". An influential thinker, some of Fourier's social and moral views, held to be radical in his lifetime, have become mainstream thinking in modern society. Fourier is, for instance, credited with having originated the word feminism in 1837
Apr 11 Manuel José Quintana a Spanish poet and man of letters. He was born at Madrid. After completing his studies at Salamanca he was called to the bar
Apr 15 Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire a French naturalist who established the principle of "unity of composition". He was a colleague of Jean-Baptiste Lamarck and expanded and defended Lamarck's evolutionary theories. Geoffroy's scientific views had a transcendental flavor and were similar to those of German morphologists like Lorenz Oken. He believed in the underlying unity of organismal design, and the possibility of the transmutation of species in time, amassing evidence for his claims through research in comparative anatomy, paleontology, and embryology
Apr 17 Vojtěch Nejedlý a Czech writer.
Apr 18 David Ricardo a British political economist. He was one of the most influential of the classical economists, along with Thomas Malthus, Adam Smith, and James Mill. He began his professional life as a broker and financial market speculator. He amassed a considerable personal fortune, largely from financial market speculation and, having retired, bought a seat in the U.K. Parliament. He held his parliamentary seat for the last four years of his life. Perhaps his most important legacy is his theory of comparative advantage, which suggests that a nation should concentrate its resources solely in industries where it is most internationally competitive and trade with other countries to obtain products not produced nationally. In essence, Ricardo promoted the idea of extreme industry specialization by nations, to the point of dismantling internationally competitive and otherwise profitable industries. In this thinking Ricardo assumed the existence of a national industry policy aimed at promoting some industries to the detriment of others. For Ricardo some form of Central Economic Planning was a given. Ricardo's theory of comparative advantage has been challenged by, among others, Joan Robinson and Piero Sraffa, but remains the cornerstone of the argument in favour of international free trade as a means of increasing economic prosperity. The theory of comparative advantage was the forerunner of the push towards globalization via increased international trade, the guiding theme in economic policy currently promoted by the OECD and the World Trade Organization
Apr 22 Sir George Cockburn 10th Baronet a Royal Navy officer. As a captain he was present at the battle of Cape St Vincent in February 1797 during the French Revolutionary Wars and commanded the naval support at the reduction of Martinique in February 1809 during the Napoleonic Wars. He also directed the capture and burning of Washington on 24 August 1814 as an advisor to Major General Robert Ross during the War of 1812. He went on to be First Naval Lord and in that capacity sought to improve the standards of gunnery in the fleet, forming a gunnery school at Portsmouth; later he ensured that the Navy had latest steam and screw technology and put emphasis of the ability to manage seamen without the need to resort to physical punishment
May 1 Karl Friedrich von Gaertner a well-known German botanist, and the son of Joseph Gaertner. He was a pioneer in the study of hybrids, and he is considered an important influence for Gregor Mendel
May 2 Novalis the pseudonym of Georg Philipp Friedrich Freiherr von Hardenberg , a poet, author, and philosopher of early German Romanticism.
May 4 Friedrich Arnold Brockhaus now published as the Brockhaus encyclopedia.
May 12 Heinrich Menu von Minutoli a Prussian Generalmajor, explorer and archaeologist.
May 20 Sir William Congreve 2nd Baronet an English inventor and rocket artillery pioneer distinguished for his development and deployment of Congreve rockets, and a Tory Member of Parliament.
May 27 Marie Anne Lenormand a French professional fortune-teller of considerable fame during the Napoleonic era. In France Lenormand is considered the greatest cartomancer of all time, highly influential on the wave of French cartomancy that began in the late 18th century
Jun 3 Jacques Philippe Raymond Draparnaud a French naturalist, malacologist and botanist.
Jun 6 Maria Theresa of Naples and Sicily the eldest daughter of Ferdinand IV & III of Naples and Sicily and his wife, Marie Caroline of Austria. She was the last Holy Roman Empress and the first Empress of Austria
Jun 14 Gustaf Johan Billberg a Swedish botanist, zoologist and anatomist, although professionally and by training he was a lawyer and used science and biology as a hobby.
Jun 18 Richard Beckett (cricketer) an English amateur cricketer and a captain in the Coldstream Guards during the Napoleonic Wars.
Jun 23 Cristóbal Mendoza a Venezuelan politician. Cristobal became the first official President of Venezuela by becoming the first head of the First Republic of Venezuela from 1811 to 1812
Jul 11 Domenico Ronconi an Italian operatic tenor who had an active international career in leading opera houses from 1796-1829. He then embarked on a second career as a voice teacher in Milan which lasted until his death in that city in 1839
Jul 22 Étienne Laurent Joseph Hippolyte Boyer de Fonscolombe a French entomologist who specialised in Coleoptera and Hymenoptera and pest insects.
Jul 29 Domenico Viviani an Italian botanist and naturalist.
Aug 2 Louis Antoine Duke of Enghien a relative of the Bourbon monarchs of France. More famous for his death than for his life, he was executed on trumped-up charges of aiding Britain and plotting against France. Royalty across Europe were shocked and dismayed, and never again trusted Napoleon. Tsar Alexander I of Russia was especially alarmed, and decided to curb Napoleon's power
Aug 11 Peter Kirillovich Essen a Russian General of the Infantry in 1819 and a count of Baltic German origin. He belongs to the 'Essen' – bourgeois family from Pärnu. Essen's only daughter, Alexandrine Essen , married count Pontus Stenbock-Fermor in 1835, at which point they began using the joint name Essen-Stenbock-Fermor
Aug 11 Rowland Hill 1st Viscount Hill General Rowland Hill, 1st Viscount Hill, GCB GCH served in the Napoleonic Wars as a trusted brigade, division and corps commander under the command of the Duke of Wellington. He became Commander-in-Chief of the British Army in 1828
Aug 11 Eduard Joseph d'Alton a German engraver and naturalist who was a native of Aquileia. He was the father of anatomist Johann Samuel Eduard d'Alton
Aug 14 Archduke Alexander Leopold of Austria Palatine of Hungary, appointed during the reign of his father, Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II, and serving into the reign of his elder brother, Holy Roman Emperor Francis II.
Aug 15 Johann Nepomuk Maelzel a German inventor, engineer, and showman, best known for manufacturing a metronome and several music automatons, and displaying a fraudulent chess machine.
Aug 22 Joseph Barbanègre a French General and a Baron of the First French Empire. He was governor of the Fortress of Huningue during the siege of the 1815 and held out until the end of hostilities, surrendering the place with full military honours on 26 August 1815
Aug 24 William I of the Netherlands a Prince of Orange and the first King of the Netherlands and Grand Duke of Luxembourg.