Died in 1772

Jan 14 Princess Mary of Great Britain the second-youngest daughter of King George II and Landgravine of Hesse-Kassel as the wife of Landgrve Frederick II.
Feb 8 Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha Princess of Wales between 1736 and 1751, and Dowager Princess of Wales thereafter. She was one of only three Princesses of Wales who never became queen consort. Princess Augusta's eldest son succeeded as George III of the United Kingdom in 1760, as her husband, Frederick, Prince of Wales, had died nine years earlier
Feb 10 Louis Tocqué a French painter. He specialized in portrait painting
Feb 10 Joseph Wenzel I Prince of Liechtenstein the Prince of Liechtenstein between 1712 and 1718, 1732 and 1745, and 1748 and 1772.
Feb 18 Count Johann Hartwig Ernst von Bernstorff the son of Joachim Engelke von Bernstorff, Chamberlain to the elector of Hanover.
Feb 28 Arsenius (Matseyevich) the Russian archbishop of Rostov who protested against the confiscation of the church's land by Empress Catherine II in 1764. He was deprived of his office and was imprisoned in a fortress until his death
Mar 10 Frederick III Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg a duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg.
Mar 11 Johann Georg Reutter an Austrian composer. According to Wyn Jones, in his prime he was "the single most influential musician in Vienna"
Mar 21 Jacques-Nicolas Bellin a French hydrographer, geographer, and member of the French intellectual group called the philosophes.
Mar 21 Alexander Kokorinov a Russian architect and educator, one of the founders, the first builder, director and rector of the Imperial Academy of Arts in Saint Peterburg. Kokorinov has been house architect of the Razumovsky family and Ivan Shuvalov, the first President of the Academy. Kokorinov's surviving architectural legacy, once believed to be substantial, has been reduced by recent research to only two buildings, the Imperial Academy of Arts and Kirill Razumovsky palace in Saint Petersburg. The Academy was designed by Jean-Baptiste Vallin de la Mothe based on an earlier proposal by Jacques-François Blondel, while Kokorinov managed the construction in its early phases
Mar 22 John Canton an English physicist.
Mar 26 Charles Pinot Duclos a French author and contributor to the Encyclopédie ou Dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers.
Mar 29 Emanuel Swedenborg a Swedish scientist, philosopher, theologian, revelator, and mystic. He is best known for his book on the afterlife, Heaven and Hell
Apr 19 Johann Peter Kellner a German organist and composer. He was the father of Johann Christoph Kellner
Apr 28 Johann Friedrich Struensee a German doctor. He became royal physician to the mentally ill King Christian VII of Denmark and a minister in the Danish government. He rose in power to a position of "de facto" regent of the country, where he tried to carry out widespread reforms. His affair with Queen Caroline Matilda caused scandal, especially after the birth of a daughter, Princess Louise Augusta, and was the catalyst for the intrigues and power play that caused his downfall and dramatic death. He died unmarried
May 1 Gottfried Achenwall a German philosopher, historian, economist, jurist and statistician. He is counted among the inventors of statistics
May 22 Durastante Natalucci an Italian historian who specialized in history of Trevi, in Umbria.
Jun 12 Marc-Joseph Marion du Fresne a Breton-born French explorer who made important discoveries in the south Indian Ocean, in Tasmania and in New Zealand. Du Fresne was killed by Maori in 1772
Jun 15 Louis-Claude Daquin a French composer of Jewish birth writing in the Baroque and Galant styles. He was a virtuoso organist and harpsichordist
Jun 18 Johann Ulrich von Cramer an eminent German judge, legal scholar, and Enlightenment philosopher.
Jun 18 Gerard van Swieten a Dutch-Austrian physician.
Jun 22 François-Vincent Toussaint a French writer most famous for Les Mœurs. The book was published in 1748 and was soon prosecuted and burned by the French court of justice
Aug 31 William Borlase Cornish antiquary, geologist and naturalist. From 1722 he was Rector of Ludgvan, Cornwall, where he died in 1772
Sep 27 James Brindley an English engineer. He was born in Tunstead, Derbyshire, and lived much of his life in Leek, Staffordshire, becoming one of the most notable engineers of the 18th century
Oct 4 Augustin Ehrensvärd a Swedish military officer, military architect, artist, creator of the Sveaborg fortress and the Swedish archipelago fleet. He was born in Fullerö Castle, Barkarö and died in Saris, Virmo
Oct 7 John Woolman a North American merchant, tailor, journalist, and itinerant Quaker preacher, and an early abolitionist in the colonial era. Based in Mount Holly, New Jersey, near Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, he traveled through frontier areas of British North America to preach Quaker beliefs, and advocate against slavery and the slave trade, cruelty to animals, economic injustices and oppression, and conscription. From 1755 during the French and Indian War, he urged tax resistance to deny support to the military. In 1772, Woolman traveled to England, where he urged Quakers to support abolition of slavery
Oct 8 Jean-Joseph de Mondonville a French violinist and composer. He was a younger contemporary of Jean-Philippe Rameau and enjoyed great success in his day. Pierre-Louis Daquin claimed: "If I couldn't be Rameau, there's no one I would rather be than Mondonville"
Oct 16 Ahmad Shah Durrani regarded as the founder of the modern state of Afghanistan. He began his career by enlisting as a young soldier in the military of the Afsharid kingdom and quickly rose to become a commander of the Abdali Regiment, a cavalry of four thousand Abdali Pashtun soldiers
Oct 22 Franciszek Salezy Potocki a Polish nobleman. Knight of the Order of the White Eagle, awarded on August 3, 1750 in Warsaw. The richest magnate of his time, owner of huge properties in the Dnipro Ukraine. Nicknamed "Litlle King of Ruthenia"
Nov 10 Pedro Correia Garção a Portuguese lyric poet.
Nov 18 Madhavrao I fourth Peshwa of the Maratha Empire. Under his peshwaship, Maratha power recovered from the losses suffered during the Panipat Campaign, a phenomenon known as "Maratha Resurrection". He is considered one of the greatest personalities of the Maratha history
Nov 19 William Nelson (governor) an American planter and colonial leader from Yorktown, Virginia. In the interim between the royal governors Norborne Berkeley and Lord Dunmore, he served as governor of colonial Virginia in 1770 and 1771
Dec 4 Dov Ber of Mezeritch a disciple of Rabbi Yisrael Baal Shem Tov, the founder of Hasidic Judaism, and was chosen as his successor to lead the early movement. Rabbi Dov Ber is regarded as the first systematic exponent of the mystical philosophy underlying the teachings of the Baal Shem Tov, and through his teaching and leadership, the main architect of the movement. He established his base in Mezhirichi , which moved the centre of Hasidism from the Baal Shem Tov's Medzhybizh , where he focused his attention on raising a close circle of great disciples to spread the movement. After his death, avoiding the unified leadership of the first two generations, this third generation of leadership took their different interpretations and disseminated across appointed regions of Eastern Europe. Under the inspiration of their teacher, this rapidly spread Hasidism beyond the Ukraine, to Poland, Galicia and Russia
Dec 7 Martín Sarmiento a Spanish scholar, writer and Benedictine monk, illustrious representative of the Enlightenment in Spain.
Dec 29 Ernst Johann von Biron a Duke of Courland and Semigallia and regent of the Russian Empire.