Born in 1773

Jan 4 Johann Peter Heuschkel a German oboist, organist, music teacher and composer.
Jan 9 Cassandra Austen an amateur English watercolourist and the elder sister of Jane Austen.
Jan 14 William Amherst 1st Earl Amherst a British diplomat and colonial administrator. He was Governor-General of India between 1823 and 1828
Jan 15 Antoine-Léonard de Chézy a French orientalist.
Jan 20 Theodor von Schön a Prussian statesman who assisted in the liberal reforms in Prussia during the Napoleonic Wars.
Jan 22 René Charles Guilbert de Pixérécourt a French theatre director and playwright, active at the Théâtre de la Gaîté and best known for his modern melodramas such as The Dog of Montarges, the performance of which at Weimar roused the indignation of Goethe.
Jan 27 Prince Augustus Frederick Duke of Sussex the sixth son of George III of the United Kingdom and his consort, Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. He was the only surviving son of George III who did not pursue an army or naval career
Jan 29 Friedrich Mohs a German geologist/mineralogist.
Jan 30 Vasily Karazin a Ukrainian enlightenment figure, intellectual, inventor, founder of The Ministry of National Education in Russian Empire and scientific publisher. He is the founder of Kharkov University in modern-day Ukraine, which now bears his name
Feb 4 Ludwig von Wolzogen a Württembergian military officer, who served during the Napoleonic Wars.
Feb 9 William Henry Harrison the ninth President of the United States , an American military officer and politician, and the first president to die in office. He was 68 years, 23 days old when inaugurated, the oldest president to take office until Ronald Reagan in 1981. Harrison died on his 32nd day in office of complications from pneumonia, serving the shortest tenure in United States presidential history. His death sparked a brief constitutional crisis, but its resolution settled many questions about presidential succession left unanswered by the Constitution until the passage of the 25th Amendment in 1967. He was the grandfather of Benjamin Harrison, who was the 23rd President from 1889 to 1893
Feb 10 Francisco Tadeo Calomarde y Arría a Spanish statesman.
Feb 12 Jacques Dupré a Louisiana State Representative, State Senator and the eighth Governor.
Feb 14 Jules Paul Benjamin Delessert a French banker and naturalist.
Mar 2 Christian Heinrich Pfaff a German physician, chemist and physicist.
Mar 4 José Rondeau a general and politician in Argentina and Uruguay in the early 19th century.
Mar 15 Jean-Baptiste Solignac a French general, and the brother-in-law of Marshal Jean-Baptiste Jourdan.
Mar 16 Juan Ramón Balcarce an Argentine military leader and politician.
Mar 26 Nathaniel Bowditch an early American mathematician remembered for his work on ocean navigation. He is often credited as the founder of modern maritime navigation; his book The New American Practical Navigator, first published in 1802, is still carried on board every commissioned U.S. Naval vessel
Mar 28 Henri Gatien Bertrand born at Châteauroux, Indre as a member of a well-to-do bourgeois family.
Apr 4 Étienne Maurice Gérard a French general and statesman. He served under a succession of French governments including the ancien regime monarchy, the Revolutionary governments, the Restorations, the July Monarchy, the First and Second Republics, and the First Empire , becoming Prime Minister briefly in 1834
Apr 5 Duchess Therese of Mecklenburg-Strelitz a member of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz and a Duchess of Mecklenburg. Through her marriage to Karl Alexander, 5th Prince of Thurn and Taxis, Therese was also a member of the House of Thurn and Taxis
Apr 6 James Mill a Scottish historian, economist, political theorist, and philosopher. He was a founder of classical economics, together with David Ricardo, and the father of John Stuart Mill, the philosopher of liberalism. His influential "History of British India" contains a complete denunciation and rejection of Indian culture and civilisation
Apr 9 Étienne Aignan a French translator, political writer, librettist and playwright born in Beaugency, Loiret.
Apr 12 Thomas Thomson (chemist) a Scottish chemist and mineralogist whose writings contributed to the early spread of Dalton's atomic theory.
Apr 14 Jean-Baptiste de Villèle a French statesman. Several time Prime minister, he was a leader of the Ultra-royalist faction during the Bourbon Restoration
Apr 15 Josef August Schultes an Austrian botanist and professor from Vienna. Together with Johann Jacob Roemer , he published the 16th edition of Linnaeus' Systema Vegetabilium. In 1821, he was elected a foreign member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences. He was the father of Julius Hermann Schultes
Apr 16 Maria Stella the self-styled legitimate daughter of Louis Philip II, Duke of Orléans.
Apr 18 Giuseppina Grassini a noted Italian contralto, and a singing teacher. She was also a lover of both Napoleon and the Duke of Wellington
Apr 19 Josefa Ortiz de Domínguez an insurgent and supporter of the Mexican War of Independence, which fought for independence against Spain, in the early 19th century. She was married to Miguel Domínguez, corregidor of the city of Querétaro, hence her nickname
Apr 19 Nikolay Ivanovich Demidov a Russian General of Infantry, Adjutant-General and senator.
Apr 30 Jean-Marie Dorsenne a French military commander of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. He eventually became one of the senior commanders in the Imperial Guard
Apr 30 Johann Karl Burckhardt a German-born astronomer and mathematician who later became a naturalized French citizen. He is remembered in particular for his work in fundamental astronomy, and for his lunar theory, which was in widespread use for the construction of navigational ephemerides of the Moon for much of the first half of the nineteenth century
May 2 Henrik Steffens a Norwegian-born Danish philosopher, scientist, and poet.
May 3 Giuseppe Acerbi an Italian naturalist, explorer and composer.
May 12 Thomas Horsfield an American physician and naturalist who worked extensively in Indonesia, describing numerous species of plants and animals from the region. He was later a curator of the East India Company Museum in London
May 15 Klemens von Metternich a politician and statesman of Rhenish extraction and one of the most important diplomats of his era, serving as the Austrian Empire's Foreign Minister from 1809 and Chancellor from 1821 until the liberal revolutions of 1848 forced his resignation. One of his first tasks was to engineer a détente with France that included the marriage of Napoleon to the Austrian archduchess Marie Louise. Soon after, however, he engineered Austria's entry into the War of the Sixth Coalition on the Allied side, signed the Treaty of Fontainebleau that sent Napoleon into exile and led the Austrian delegation at the Congress of Vienna which divided post-Napoleonic Europe between the major powers. In recognition of his service to the Austrian Empire he was raised to the title of Prince in October 1813. Under his guidance, the "Metternich system" of international congresses continued for another decade as Austria aligned herself with Russia and, to a lesser extent, Prussia. This marked the high point of Austria's diplomatic importance, and thereafter Metternich slowly slipped back into the periphery of international diplomacy. At home, Metternich also held the post of Chancellor of State from 1821 until 1848, under both Francis I and his son Ferdinand After a brief period of exile in London, Brighton and Brussels that lasted until 1851, he returned once more to the Viennese court, this time to offer only advice to Ferdinand's successor, Franz Josef. Having outlived his generation of politicians, Metternich died at the age of 86 in 1859
May 16 Nicolas Isouard a Maltese composer.
May 19 Jean Charles Léonard de Sismondi Simonde, was a writer born at Geneva. He is best known for his works on French and Italian history, and his economic ideas
May 19 Arthur Aikin an English chemist, mineralogist and scientific writer.
May 25 Benjamin Tappan an Ohio judge and Democratic politician who served in the Ohio State Senate and the United States Senate. He was an early settler of the Connecticut Western Reserve in northeastern Ohio and was one of the first settlers in Portage County and the founder of the city of Ravenna, Ohio
May 26 Hans Georg Nägeli a composer and music publisher.
May 29 Princess Sophia of Gloucester a great-granddaughter of King George II of Great Britain and niece of King George III.
May 31 Ludwig Tieck a German poet, translator, editor, novelist, writer of Novellen, and critic, who was one of the founding fathers of the Romantic movement of the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
Jun 2 John Randolph of Roanoke a planter, and a Congressman from Virginia, serving in the House of Representatives at various times between 1799 and 1833, the Senate , and also as Minister to Russia. After serving as President Thomas Jefferson's spokesman in the House, he broke with Jefferson in 1803 and became the leader of the "Old Republican" or "Quids", an extreme states' rights vanguard of the Democratic-Republican Party who wanted to restrict the role of the federal government. Specifically, Randolph promoted the Principles of '98, which said that individual states could judge the constitutionality of central government laws and decrees, and could refuse to enforce laws deemed unconstitutional
Jun 5 Caspar Georg Carl Reinwardt a Prussian-born Dutch botanist.
Jun 12 Amschel Mayer Rothschild a German Jewish banker of the Rothschild family financial dynasty.
Jun 13 Thomas Young (scientist) an English polymath. Young made notable scientific contributions to the fields of vision, light, solid mechanics, energy, physiology, language, musical harmony, and Egyptology. He "made a number of original and insightful innovations" in the decipherment of Egyptian hieroglyphs before Jean-François Champollion eventually expanded on his work. He was mentioned by, among others, William Herschel, Hermann von Helmholtz, James Clerk Maxwell, and Albert Einstein
Jun 15 Charles de Lambert (soldier) a French Royalist general who fought for Russia during the Napoleonic Wars.
Jun 16 Luigi Rolando an Italian anatomist known for his pioneer research in brain localization of function.