Born in 1774

Jan 1 André Marie Constant Duméril a French zoologist. He was professor of anatomy at the Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle from 1801 to 1812, when he became professor of herpetology and ichthyology. His son Auguste Duméril was also a zoologist
Jan 5 George Chinnery an English painter who spent most of his life in Asia, especially India and southern China.
Jan 11 Antoine Drouot one of Napoleon's generals.
Jan 17 Georg Wilhelm Franz Wenderoth a German pharmacist and botanist.
Jan 18 Anna Bunina a Russian poet. She was the first female Russian writer to make a living solely from literary work. She is an ancestor of Nobel Prize winner Ivan Bunin
Feb 3 Karl Mollweide a German mathematician and astronomer in Halle and Leipzig. In trigonometry, he discovered the formula known as Mollweide's formula. He invented a map projection called the Mollweide projection
Feb 4 Frederick Traugott Pursh a German-American botanist.
Feb 9 Juan José Viamonte an Argentine general in the early 19th century.
Feb 11 Hans Järta a Swedish administrator and revolutionary. He helped overthrow Gustavus IV Adolphus in 1809 and was one of the main drafters of the constitution of Sweden in 1809
Feb 16 Pierre Rode a French violinist and composer.
Feb 17 Mykhajlo Levitsky the Metropolitan Archbishop of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church from 1816 until his death in 1858 and a Cardinal of the Catholic Church.
Feb 24 Archibald Constable a Scottish publisher, bookseller and stationer.
Feb 24 Prince Adolphus Duke of Cambridge the tenth child and seventh son of George III and Queen Charlotte. He held the title of Duke of Cambridge from 1801 until his death. He also served as Viceroy of Hanover on behalf of his brothers George IV and William He was the grandfather of Mary of Teck, Queen consort of King George V, and great-great-grandfather of the current monarch, Elizabeth II
Feb 28 Thomas Tooke an English economist known for writing on money and his work on economic statistics. After Tooke's death the Statistical Society endowed the Tooke Chair of economics at King's College London, and a Tooke Prize
Mar 1 Magdalene of Canossa an Italian Religious Sister and foundress. She was a leading advocate for the poor in her region, and has been canonized by the Catholic Church
Mar 2 Armand Charles Guilleminot a French general during the Napoleonic wars.
Mar 12 Johann Caspar Horner a Swiss physicist, mathematician and astronomer.
Mar 16 Matthew Flinders a distinguished English navigator and cartographer, who was the first to circumnavigate Australia and identify it as a continent.
Mar 19 Franz von Gruithuisen a Bavarian physician and astronomer. He taught medical students before becoming a professor of astronomy at the University of Munich in 1826
Mar 24 Jean-Louis-Auguste Loiseleur-Deslongchamps a French physician and botanist.
Mar 25 François Marie Daudin a French zoologist.
Apr 1 Gustav von Rauch a Prussian general, chief of staff from 1812–1813, and Minister of War from 1837 to 1841. His daughter Rosalie, married Prince Albert of Prussia as second, morganatic, wife in 1850
Apr 8 Grigory Langsdorff a German-Russian naturalist and explorer, as well as a Russian diplomat, better known by his Russian first name, Grigori Ivanovitch. He was a member and correspondent of the Russian Imperial Academy of Sciences and a respected physician, graduated in medicine and natural history at the University of Göttingen, Germany
Apr 17 Václav Tomášek a Czech composer and music teacher.
Apr 18 Madhavrao II Peshwa of the Maratha Empire in India, from a young age. He was known as Sawai Madhav Rao or Madhav Rao Narayan. He was the posthumous son of Narayanrao Peshwa, murdered in 1773 on the orders of Raghunathrao Madhavrao was considered the legal heir, and was brought to power as peshwa by the treaty of Salbai in 1782
Apr 19 Friedrich Wilhelm Riemer a German scholar and literary historian. He worked in the households of Wilhelm von Humboldt and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Apr 21 Jean-Baptiste Biot a French physicist, astronomer, and mathematician who established the reality of meteorites, made an early balloon flight, and studied the polarization of light. Biot also discovered the mineral biotite
Apr 21 Philibert Jean-Baptiste Curial a general in the Napoleon army.
Apr 23 Francis Austen a British officer who spent most of his long life on active duty in the Royal Navy, rising to the position of Admiral of the Fleet.
Apr 24 Jean Marc Gaspard Itard a French physician born in Provence.
Apr 26 Anne Jean Marie René Savary born at Marcq in the Ardennes.
Apr 26 Christian Leopold von Buch remembered as one of the most important contributors to geology in the first half of the nineteenth century. His scientific interest was devoted to a broad spectrum of geological topics: volcanism, fossils, stratigraphy and more. His most remembered accomplishment is the scientific definition of the jurassic system
Apr 28 Francis Baily an English astronomer, most famous for his observations of 'Baily's beads' during an eclipse of the Sun.
May 6 Christopher Lieven a Livonian nobleman, Russian general, ambassador to London in 1812-1834, and educator of tsesarevich Alexander Nikolaievitch.
May 7 William Bainbridge a Commodore in the United States Navy. During his long career in the young American Navy he served under six presidents beginning with John Adams and is notable for his many victories at sea. He commanded several famous naval ships, including the USS Constitution and saw service in the Barbary Wars and the War of 1812. Bainbridge was also in command of the USS Philadelphia when it grounded off the shores of Tripoli in North Africa, resulting in his capture and imprisonment for many months. In the latter part of his career he became the U.S. Naval Commissioner
May 13 Pierre-Narcisse Guérin a French painter.
May 18 Gaetano Rossi an Italian opera librettist for several of the well-known bel canto-era composers including Gioachino Rossini, Gaetano Donizetti, and Saverio Mercadante in Italy and Giacomo Meyerbeer in one of his early Italian successes. Other composers with whom he worked included Simon Mayr, a composer and Donizetti's teacher, as well as the prolific Giovanni Pacini
May 27 Francis Beaufort an Irish hydrographer and officer in Britain's Royal Navy. Beaufort was the creator of the Beaufort Scale for indicating wind force
Jun 2 William Lawson (explorer) a pastoralist and explorer of New South Wales, Australia who co-discovered a passage inland through the Blue Mountains from Sydney.
Jun 3 Robert Tannahill a Scottish poet of labouring class origin. Known as the 'Weaver Poet', he wrote in the wake of Robert Burns and in the judgement of some is second only to him
Jun 7 Pavel Alexandrovich Stroganov Russian military commander and statesman, Lieutenant General, Adjutant General to Alexander I of Russia. He took part in the Privy Committee that outlined Government reform of Alexander Commanded an infantry division in Napoleonic Wars
Jun 9 Joseph von Hammer-Purgstall an Austrian orientalist.
Jun 21 Daniel D. Tompkins the fourth Governor of New York , and the sixth Vice President of the United States.
Jun 23 Matthijs Siegenbeek a Dutch academic. From 1797 to 1847 he was the first professor of the Dutch language at the University of Leiden. From 1803 he was the member, then secretary, of the head-office of that university's literary faculty. Initially he was a Mennonite voorganger in Dokkum
Jun 23 Charles Lallemand now Texas, and finally returned to France to serve as governor of Corsica.
Jun 24 Antonio González de Balcarce an Argentine military commander in the early 19th century.
Jun 24 François-Nicolas-Benoît Haxo a French Army general and military engineer during the French Revolution and First Empire. Haxo became famous in the Siege of Antwerp in 1832. He is the nephew of revolution era General Nicolas Haxo of Étival-Clairefontaine and Saint-Dié-des-Vosges in Lorraine, France
Jul 11 Robert Jameson a Scottish naturalist and mineralogist.
Jul 17 John Wilbur (Quaker minister) a prominent American Quaker minister and religious thinker who was at the forefront of a controversy that led to "the second split" in the Religious Society of Friends in the United States.
Jul 20 Auguste de Marmont a French general and nobleman who rose to the rank of Marshal of France and was awarded the title Duc de Raguse. He is best known for deserting Napoleon in 1814