1775 in history

1775 events chronologically

Feb 9 American Revolutionary War: The British Parliament declares Massachusetts in rebellion
Mar 8 An anonymous writer, thought by some to be Thomas Paine, publishes "African Slavery in America", the first article in the American colonies calling for the emancipation of slaves and the abolition of slavery
Mar 23 American Revolutionary War: Patrick Henry delivers his speech – "Give me Liberty, or give me Death!" – at St. John's Episcopal Church, Richmond, Virginia
Apr 14 The first abolition society in North America is established. The Society for the Relief of Free Negroes Unlawfully Held in Bondage is organized in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania by Benjamin Franklin and Benjamin Rush
Apr 18 American Revolution: The British advancement by sea begins; Paul Revere and other riders warn the countryside of the troop movements
Apr 19 American Revolutionary War: The war begins with an American victory in Concord during the battles of Lexington and Concord
Apr 20 American Revolutionary War: the Siege of Boston begins, following the battles at Lexington and Concord

Top 7 most famous people born in 1775

Jan 20 André-Marie Ampère generally regarded as one of the main founders of the science of classical electromagnetism, which he referred to as "electrodynamics". The SI unit of measurement of electric current, the ampere, is named after him
Jan 27 Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling a German philosopher. Standard histories of philosophy make him the midpoint in the development of German idealism, situating him between Johann Gottlieb Fichte, his mentor in his early years, and Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, his former university roommate, early friend, and later rival. Interpreting Schelling's philosophy is regarded as difficult because of its apparently ever-changing nature
Jul 24 Eugène François Vidocq a French criminal and criminalist whose life story inspired several writers, including Victor Hugo and Honoré de Balzac. The former criminal became the founder and first director of the crime-detection Sûreté Nationale as well as the head of the first known private detective agency, Vidocq is considered to be the father of modern criminology and of the French police department. He is also regarded as the first private detective
Aug 6 Daniel O'Connell an Irish political leader in the first half of the 19th century. He campaigned for Catholic Emancipation—including the right for Catholics to sit in the Westminster Parliament, denied for over 100 years—and repeal of the Act of Union which combined Great Britain and Ireland
Oct 24 Bahadur Shah II the last Mughal emperor and a member of the Timurid dynasty. He was the son of Akbar II and Lal Bai, a Hindu Rajput. He became the Mughal emperor when his father died on 28 September 1837. He used Zafar, a part of his name, meaning “victory”, for his nom de plume as an Urdu poet, and he wrote many Urdu ghazals under Following his involvement in the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the British tried and then exiled him from Delhi and sent him to Yangon in British-controlled Burma
Dec 14 Thomas Cochrane 10th Earl of Dundonald a Scottish naval flag officer of the Royal Navy and radical politician.
Dec 16 Jane Austen an English novelist whose works of romantic fiction, set among the landed gentry, earned her a place as one of the most widely read writers in English literature. Her realism, biting irony and social commentary as well as her acclaimed plots have gained her historical importance among scholars and critics

Top 7 most famous people died in 1775

Jan 8 John Baskerville best remembered as a printer and type designer.
Jan 11 Prithvi Narayan Shah the first king of the unified Nepal. He is credited for starting the campaign for a unified Nepal, which had been divided and weakened under Malla confederacy. He was the ninth generation descendant of Dravya Shah , the founder of the ruling house of Gorkha. Prithvi Narayan Shah succeeded his father, King Nara Bhupal Shah to the throne of the Gorkha Kingdom in 1743
Jan 15 Giovanni Battista Sammartini an Italian composer, oboist, organist, choirmaster and teacher. He counted Gluck among his students, and was highly regarded by younger composers including Johann Christian Bach. It has also been noted that many stylizations in Joseph Haydn's compositions are similar to those of Sammartini, although Haydn denied any such influence. Sammartini is especially associated with the formation of the concert symphony through both the shift from a brief opera-overture style and the introduction of a new seriousness and use of thematic development that prefigure Haydn and Mozart. Some of his works are described as galant, a style associated with Enlightenment ideals, while "the prevailing impression left by Sammartini's work... he contributed greatly to the development of a Classical style that achieved its moment of greatest clarity precisely when his long, active life was approaching its end"
Jan 21 Yemelyan Pugachev a pretender to the Russian throne who led a great Cossack insurrection during the reign of Catherine Alexander Pushkin wrote a notable history of the rebellion, The History of Pugachev, and he recounted some of the events in his novel The Captain's Daughter.
May 10 Caroline Matilda of Great Britain Queen of Denmark and Norway from 1766 to 1775 as the wife of King Christian VII.
Oct 18 Paul of the Cross an Italian mystic, and founder of the Passionists.
Dec 31 Richard Montgomery an Irish-born soldier who first served in the British Army. He later became a Major General in the Continental Army during the American Revolutionary War and he is most famous for leading the failed 1775 invasion of Canada