Born in 1775

Jan 9 Antonio Villavicencio a Neogranadine Lieutenant statesman and soldier, born in Quito, and educated in Spain. He served in the Battle of Trafalgar as an office in the Spanish Navy. He was sent as a representative of the Crown to the New Granada, and his arrival was used as an excuse in Santafé de Bogotá to start a revolt, this was known as the Florero de Llorente which culminated with the proclamation of Independence from Spain. After this incident he resigned his office and joined the Independence cause. He was later captured and became the first martyr executed during the reign of terror of Pablo Morillo
Jan 10 Baji Rao II Peshwa of the Maratha Empire, and governed from 1796 to 1818. His reign was marked by confrontations with the British
Jan 13 Stanisław Kostka Zamoyski a Polish nobleman , politician, landowner, and patron of arts.
Jan 16 Pyotr Kozmitch Frolov a Russian mining engineer and inventor who, in 1809, built the first horse-railway in Russia. He elaborated on various canal projects and other artificial water constructions. Frolov also contributed to the development of scientific research and to the culture of the Altay region. His activities as a head of the Kolyvano-Voskresensk factories promoted a great advance of Russian technology in the beginning of the 20th century
Jan 20 André-Marie Ampère generally regarded as one of the main founders of the science of classical electromagnetism, which he referred to as "electrodynamics". The SI unit of measurement of electric current, the ampere, is named after him
Jan 21 Manuel García (tenor) a Spanish opera singer, composer, impresario, and singing teacher.
Jan 23 Pietro Colletta a Neapolitan general and historian, entered the Neapolitan artillery in 1796 and took part in the campaign against the French in 1798.
Jan 27 Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling a German philosopher. Standard histories of philosophy make him the midpoint in the development of German idealism, situating him between Johann Gottlieb Fichte, his mentor in his early years, and Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, his former university roommate, early friend, and later rival. Interpreting Schelling's philosophy is regarded as difficult because of its apparently ever-changing nature
Jan 30 Walter Savage Landor an English writer and poet. His best known works were the prose Imaginary Conversations, and the poem Rose Aylmer, but the critical acclaim he received from contemporary poets and reviewers was not matched by public popularity. As remarkable as his work was, it was equalled by his rumbustious character and lively temperament
Feb 3 Maximilien Sébastien Foy a French military leader, statesman and writer.
Feb 3 Louis-François Lejeune a French general, painter, and lithographer. His memoirs have frequently been republished and his name is engraved on the Arc de Triomphe
Feb 9 Farkas Bolyai a Hungarian mathematician, mainly known for his work in geometry.
Feb 10 Charles Lamb an English writer and essayist, best known for his Essays of Elia and for the children's book Tales from Shakespeare, which he produced with his sister, Mary Lamb.
Feb 12 Louisa Adams First Lady of the United States from 1825 to 1829. She is the only First Lady born outside of the United States
Feb 18 Thomas Girtin an English painter and etcher. A friend and rival of M. Turner, Girtin played a key role in establishing watercolour as a reputable art form
Mar 9 Constance Mayer a French painter of portraits, allegorical subjects, miniatures and genre works. She had "a brilliant but bitter career."
Mar 19 Ramsay Richard Reinagle an English portrait, landscape, and animal painter, and son of Philip Reinagle.
Mar 24 Muthuswami Dikshitar one of the Musical Trinity of Carnatic music. His compositions, of which around 500 are commonly known, are noted for their contemplative nature and for capturing the essence of the raga forms through the vainika style that emphasises gamakas. They are typically in a slower speed. He is also known by his signature name of Guruguha which is also his mudra. His compositions are widely sung and played in classical concerts of Carnatic music
Mar 30 Hieronymus Karl Graf von Colloredo-Mansfeld an Austrian corps commander during the Napoleonic Wars. He played an important part in the German campaign of 1813, contributing decisively to the coalition victory at the battle of Kulm
Apr 8 Adam Albert von Neipperg an Austrian general and statesman. He was the son of a diplomat, famous for inventing a letter-copying machine, and the grandson of Wilhelm Reinhard von Neipperg
Apr 14 Karl Becker (philologist) a German physician, educationalist, and philologist. He wrote a German grammar. His deductive approach to comparative philology was later discredited
Apr 21 Alexander Anderson (illustrator) an American illustrator.
Apr 25 Carlota Joaquina of Spain a Queen consort of Portugal as wife of John VI, Infant of Spain, Infant consort of Portugal, Princess consort of Brazil, Princess regent consort of Portugal and Queen consort of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and Algarves. She was the eldest daughter of King Charles IV of Spain and his wife Maria Luisa of Parma
Apr 30 Guillaume Dode de la Brunerie a Marshal of France. On February 12, 1812, he married the daughter of Marshal Pérignon, Agathe-Virginie
May 5 Johann Christoph Friedrich Klug a German entomologist. He described the butterflies and some other insects of Upper Egypt and Arabia in Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg and Wilhelm Friedrich Hemprich's Symbolæ Physicæ. He was professor of medicine and entomology in the Humboldt-Universitat where he curated the insect collections from 1810 to 1856. At the same time he directed the Botanic Garden in Berlin which contains his collections. Klug worked mainly on Hymenoptera and Coleoptera. The plant genus Klugia was named in his honour as well as the butterflies Geitoneura klugii and Heliophisma klugii
May 10 Antoine Charles Louis de Lasalle a French cavalry general during the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, often called "The Hussar General". He first gained fame for his role in the Capitulation of Stettin. Over the course of his short career, he became known as a daring adventurer and was credited with many exploits. Eventually, he fought on every front and was killed at the Battle of Wagram
May 10 Pierre Claude Pajol a French cavalry general and military commander during the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars, and political figure.
May 21 Lucien Bonaparte the third surviving son of Carlo Buonaparte and his wife Letizia Ramolino.
Jun 9 Georg Friedrich Grotefend a German epigraphist and philologist. He is known mostly for his contributions toward the decipherment of cuneiform
Jun 12 Karl Freiherr von Müffling a Prussian Generalfeldmarschall.
Jun 13 Antoni Radziwiłł a Polish and Prussian noble, aristocrat, musician and politician. Initially a hereditary Duke of Nieśwież and Ołyka, as a scion of the Radziwiłł family he also held the honorific title of a Reichsfürst of the Holy Roman Empire. Between 1815 and 1831 he acted as Duke-Governor of the Grand Duchy of Posen, an autonomous province of the Kingdom of Prussia created out of Greater Polish lands annexed in the Partitions of Poland
Jun 19 Friedrich August Peter von Colomb a Prussian general.
Jun 22 Johannes Flüggé a German botanist and physician who was a native of Hamburg.
Jul 9 Matthew Lewis (writer) an English novelist and dramatist, often referred to as "Monk" Lewis, because of the success of his 1796 Gothic novel, The Monk.
Jul 11 Joseph Blanco White a Spanish theologian and poet.
Jul 18 Karl von Rotteck a German political activist, historian, politician and political scientist. He was a prominent advocate of freedom of the press and the abolition of compulsory labor
Jul 19 Camillo Borghese 6th Prince of Sulmona a member of the Borghese family, best known for being brother-in-law to Napoleon.
Jul 23 Étienne-Louis Malus a French officer, engineer, physicist, and mathematician.
Jul 24 Eugène François Vidocq a French criminal and criminalist whose life story inspired several writers, including Victor Hugo and Honoré de Balzac. The former criminal became the founder and first director of the crime-detection Sûreté Nationale as well as the head of the first known private detective agency, Vidocq is considered to be the father of modern criminology and of the French police department. He is also regarded as the first private detective
Jul 25 Anna Harrison nominally First Lady of the United States during her husband's one-month term in 1841, but she never entered the White House. At the age of 65 years old during her husband's presidential term, she is the oldest woman ever to become First Lady, as well as having the distinction of holding the title for the shortest length of time, and the first person to be widowed while holding the title
Jul 31 Emmanuel Dupaty a French playwright, naval officer, singer, journalist and administrator of the Bibliothèque de l'Arsenal. His brother was the sculptor Louis Dupaty
Aug 2 William Henry Ireland an English forger of would-be Shakespearean documents and plays. He is less well known as a poet, writer of gothic novels and histories. Although he was apparently christened William-Henry, he was known as Samuel through much of his life , and many sources list his name as Samuel William Henry Ireland
Aug 6 Louis Antoine Duke of Angoulême the eldest son of Charles X of France and, from 1824 to 1830, the last Dauphin of France. Due to his father's abdication during the July Revolution in 1830, he never reigned over France but after his father's death in 1836 he was the legitimist pretender as Louis XIX
Aug 6 Daniel O'Connell an Irish political leader in the first half of the 19th century. He campaigned for Catholic Emancipation—including the right for Catholics to sit in the Westminster Parliament, denied for over 100 years—and repeal of the Act of Union which combined Great Britain and Ireland
Aug 15 Carl Franz Anton Ritter von Schreibers an Austrian naturalist who was a native of Pressburg, Hungary, Habsburg Empire.
Aug 26 William Joseph Behr German publicist and writer.
Aug 31 Agnes Bulmer a English poet. She is believed to have written the longest epic poem ever written by a woman. The piece, Messiah's Kingdom, took over nine years to complete
Sep 1 Honoré Charles Reille a Marshal of France, born in Antibes.
Sep 4 Jean-François Le Gonidec a Breton grammarian who codified the Breton language.
Sep 6 Aleksey Greig an admiral of the Imperial Russian Navy. He was the son of Admiral Samuel Greig, brother-in-law of Mary Somerville, and father of Samuil Greig, Russian Minister of Finance