1775 events in history

Feb 9 American Revolutionary War: The British Parliament declares Massachusetts in rebellion
Mar 8 An anonymous writer, thought by some to be Thomas Paine, publishes "African Slavery in America", the first article in the American colonies calling for the emancipation of slaves and the abolition of slavery
Mar 23 American Revolutionary War: Patrick Henry delivers his speech – "Give me Liberty, or give me Death!" – at St. John's Episcopal Church, Richmond, Virginia
Apr 14 The first abolition society in North America is established. The Society for the Relief of Free Negroes Unlawfully Held in Bondage is organized in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania by Benjamin Franklin and Benjamin Rush
Apr 18 American Revolution: The British advancement by sea begins; Paul Revere and other riders warn the countryside of the troop movements
Apr 19 American Revolutionary War: The war begins with an American victory in Concord during the battles of Lexington and Concord
Apr 20 American Revolutionary War: the Siege of Boston begins, following the battles at Lexington and Concord
May 10 American Revolutionary War: A small Colonial militia led by Ethan Allen and Colonel Benedict Arnold captures Fort Ticonderoga
May 10 American Revolutionary War: Representatives from the Thirteen Colonies begin the Second Continental Congress in Philadelphia
May 17 American Revolutionary War: the Continental Congress bans trade with Quebec
May 20 Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence is signed in Charlotte, North Carolina
May 31 American Revolution: The Mecklenburg Resolves are allegedly adopted in the Province of North Carolina
Jun 11 The American Revolutionary War's first naval engagement, the Battle of Machias, results in the capture of a small British naval vessel
Jun 12 American Revolution: British general Thomas Gage declares martial law in Massachusetts. The British offer a pardon to all colonists who lay down their arms. There would be only two exceptions to the amnesty: Samuel Adams and John Hancock, if captured, were to be hanged
Jun 14 American Revolutionary War: the Continental Army is established by the Continental Congress, marking the birth of the United States Army
Jun 15 American Revolutionary War: George Washington is appointed commander-in-chief of the Continental Army
Jun 17 American Revolutionary War: Colonists inflict heavy casualties on British forces while losing the Battle of Bunker Hill
Jul 3 American Revolutionary War: George Washington takes command of the Continental Army at Cambridge, Massachusetts
Jul 5 The Second Continental Congress adopts the Olive Branch Petition
Jul 8 The Olive Branch Petition is signed by the Continental Congress of the Thirteen Colonies
Jul 26 The office that would later become the United States Post Office Department is established by the Second Continental Congress
Aug 20 The Spanish establish the Presidio San Augustin del Tucson in the town that became Tucson, Arizona
Aug 23 American Revolutionary War: King George III delivers his Proclamation of Rebellion to the Court of St. James's stating that the American colonies have proceeded to a state of open and avowed rebellion
Sep 11 Benedict Arnold's expedition to Quebec leaves Cambridge, Massachusetts
Sep 17 American Revolutionary War: The Invasion of Canada begins with the Siege of Fort St. Jean
Sep 25 American Revolutionary War: Ethan Allen surrenders to British forces after attempting to capture Montreal during the Battle of Longue-Pointe. Benedict Arnold and his expeditionary company set off from Fort Western, bound for Quebec City
Oct 13 The United States Continental Congress orders the establishment of the Continental Navy (later renamed the United States Navy)
Oct 18 African-American poet Phillis Wheatley is freed from slavery
Oct 18 American Revolutionary War: The Burning of Falmouth (now Portland, Maine) prompts the Continental Congress to establish the Continental Navy
Oct 26 King George III of Great Britain goes before Parliament to declare the American colonies in rebellion, and authorized a military response to quell the American Revolution
Oct 28 American Revolutionary War: A British proclamation forbids residents from leaving Boston
Nov 7 John Murray, the Royal Governor of the Colony of Virginia, starts the first mass emancipation of slaves in North America by issuing Lord Dunmore's Offer of Emancipation, which offers freedom to slaves who abandoned their colonial masters in order to fight with Murray and the British
Nov 10 The United States Marine Corps is founded at Tun Tavern in Philadelphia by Samuel Nicholas
Nov 13 American Revolutionary War: Patriot revolutionary forces under Gen. Richard Montgomery occupy Montreal
Dec 2 The USS Alfred becomes the first vessel to fly the Grand Union Flag (the precursor to the Stars and Stripes); the flag is hoisted by John Paul Jones
Dec 5 At Fort Ticonderoga, Henry Knox begins his historic transport of artillery to Cambridge, Massachusetts
Dec 9 American Revolutionary War: British troops lose the Battle of Great Bridge, and leave Virginia soon afterward
Dec 31 American Revolutionary War: Battle of Quebec: British forces repulse an attack by Continental Army General Richard Montgomery