Born in 1777

Jan 2 Christian Daniel Rauch a German sculptor. He founded the Berlin school of sculpture, and was the foremost German sculptor of the 19th century
Jan 3 Elisa Bonaparte the fourth surviving child and eldest surviving daughter of Carlo Buonaparte and Letizia Ramolino. A younger sister of Napoleon Bonaparte, she had elder brothers Joseph and Lucien, and younger siblings Louis, Pauline, Caroline and Jerome
Jan 7 Lorenzo Bartolini an Italian sculptor who infused his neoclassicism with a strain of sentimental piety and naturalistic detail, while he drew inspiration from the sculpture of the Florentine Renaissance rather than the overpowering influence of Antonio Canova that circumscribed his Florentine contemporaries.
Jan 12 Stepan Davydov a Russian composer and singer.
Jan 22 Joseph Hume a Scottish doctor and Radical MP, born in Montrose, Angus.
Jan 24 Ildefonso Díez de Rivera Count of Almodóvar a Spanish noble and politician who served as Minister of State in 1836 and as President of the Senate.
Jan 25 Karoline Jagemann a major German tragedienne and singer. Her great roles included Elizabeth in Mary Stuart and Beatrice in The Bride of Messina. She is also notable as a mistress of Karl August, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, the father of her three children. Both she and Karl August had their portraits painted by Heinrich Christoph Kolbe
Jan 27 Lukijan Mušicki a Serbian poet, prose writer, and polyglot.
Feb 3 John Cheyne (physician) a British physician, surgeon and author of monographs on a number of medical topics. He was one of the people to identify Cheyne–Stokes respiration
Feb 8 Bernard Courtois a French chemist born in Dijon, France.
Feb 12 Friedrich de la Motte Fouqué a German writer of the romantic style.
Feb 14 Prince Parnaoz of Georgia a Georgian prince of the Bagrationi dynasty, the 14th son of Heraclius II, the penultimate king of Kartli and Kakheti, by his third marriage to Queen Darejan Dadiani. Parnaoz tried to challenge the recently established Imperial Russian rule in Georgia and in 1804 headed an unsuccessful insurrection of the Georgian mountaineers in the course of which he was arrested and deported to Russia. Afterwards, he spent most of his life in Petersburg, becoming the first Georgian translator of the 18th-century French philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Feb 25 Fleury François Richard a painter of the École de Lyon. A student of Jacques-Louis David, Fleury-Richard and his friend Pierre Révoil were precursors of the Troubador style
Feb 26 Matija Nenadović a Serbian archpriest, writer, and a notable leader of the First Serbian Uprising.
Mar 9 Aleksander Orłowski a Polish painter and sketch artist, and a pioneer of lithography in the Russian Empire.
Mar 10 Louis Hersent a French painter.
Mar 13 Charles Lot Church a political figure in Nova Scotia. He represented Lunenburg County in the Nova Scotia House of Assembly from 1820 to 1830
Mar 17 Roger B. Taney the fifth Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, holding that office from 1836 until his death in 1864. He was the eleventh United States Attorney General. He is most remembered for delivering the majority opinion in Dred Scott Sandford , that ruled, among other things, that African-Americans, having been considered inferior at the time the Constitution was drafted, were not part of the original community of citizens and, whether free or slave, could not be considered citizens of the United States
Mar 17 Patrick Brontë an Irish Anglican clergyman and writer who spent most of his adult life in England and was the father of the writers Charlotte, Emily, and Anne Brontë and of Branwell Brontë, his only son. Patrick outlived all his children and outlived his wife, the former Maria Branwell, by forty years
Mar 19 Anton Reinhard Falck a Dutch statesman.
Mar 23 Count Karl Ludwig von Ficquelmont an Austrian aristocrat, statesman and Field marshal of the Austrian Imperial army of French noble origin.
Mar 23 Claire de Duras a French writer best known for her 1823 novel called Ourika, which examines issues of racial and sexual equality, and which inspired the 1969 John Fowles novel The French Lieutenant's Woman.
Mar 30 Heinrich Rudolf Schinz a Swiss physician and naturalist.
Mar 30 Johann Nepomuk Schaller an Austrian sculptor. His most famous work is a bust of Beethoven, created at the request of the composer's friend Karl Holz. It was later presented to the Royal Philharmonic Society, London, on the occasion of the Beethoven Centennial
Mar 31 Charles Cagniard de la Tour a French engineer and physicist.
Apr 2 Vasily Shebuyev a Russian painter, State Councilor and Rector at the Imperial Academy of Arts.
Apr 5 Marie Jules César Savigny a French zoologist.
Apr 8 Antoine Risso a Niçard naturalist.
Apr 9 Karl Wilhelm von Toll a Baltic German aristocrat and Russian subject who served in the Imperial Russian Army in the campaigns against the Napoleonic Army.
Apr 12 Henry Clay an American lawyer, politician, and skilled orator who represented Kentucky in both the United States Senate and House of Representatives. He served three different terms as Speaker of the House of Representatives and was also Secretary of State from 1825 to 1829. He lost his campaigns for president in 1824, 1832 and 1844
Apr 15 Heinrich Marx a lawyer and the father of the socialist philosopher Karl Marx.
Apr 16 Henry Kater an English physicist of German descent.
Apr 24 Archduchess Maria Clementina of Austria an Austrian archduchess and the tenth child and third daughter of Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor and Maria Luisa of Spain. In 1797 she married her first cousin Hereditary Prince Francis of Naples, heir of Naples and Sicily. She was modest, well educated and kind becoming popular in her adoptive country. Afflicted with frail health, she died of tuberculosis, age twenty four. Her only surviving child was the famous duchesse de Berry
Apr 29 Pedro Molina Mazariegos a Central American politician, considered one of the founders of liberalism in Guatemala.
Apr 30 Carl Friedrich Gauss a German mathematician, who contributed significantly to many fields, including number theory, algebra, statistics, analysis, differential geometry, geodesy, geophysics, electrostatics, astronomy, Matrix theory, and optics.
May 4 Louis Jacques Thénard a French chemist.
May 18 John George Children a British chemist, mineralogist and zoologist.
May 23 Friedrich Wilken a German historian , professor and librarian.
May 29 Friedrich August von der Marwitz a Prussian nobleman, officer and opponent of the Prussian reforms of Heinrich Friedrich Karl vom Stein.
Jun 4 Aleksey Petrovich Yermolov a Russian Imperial general of the 19th century who commanded Russian troops in the Caucasus War.
Jun 12 Robert Clark (U.S. politician) a United States Representative from New York.
Jun 15 David Daniel Davis M.D. F.R.C.P. was a British physician
Jun 20 Jean-Jacques Lartigue a Canadian Sulpician, who served as the first Catholic Bishop of Montreal.
Jun 22 William Brown (admiral) an Irish-born Argentine Admiral. Brown's victories in the Independence War, the Cisplatine War, and the Anglo-French blockade of the Río de la Plata earned the respect and appreciation of the Argentine people, and today he is regarded as one of Argentina's national heroes. Creator and first admiral of the country's maritime forces, he is commonly known as the "father of the Argentine Navy"
Jun 24 Charles Othon Frédéric Jean-Baptiste de Clarac a French artist, scholar and archaeologist. He published a catalogue of the Musée du Louvre, and a Manuel de l'Histoire de l'art and also that which is considered his best work the Musée de sculpture antique et moderne, 1826-1852, completed after his death
Jun 24 John Ross (Arctic explorer) a British naval officer and Arctic explorer.
Jul 9 Henry Hallam an English historian.
Jul 10 Cyprian Kreutz a general of the Russian Imperial Army known for his service in the Napoleonic Wars and the November Uprising.
Jul 14 Tanomura Chikuden a Japanese painter of the Edo period. He is known for his depictions of nature, often melancholic in style
Jul 15 Robert Henrik Rehbinder the Secretary of State for the Grand Duchy of Finland between 1811 and 1841. He was one of the highest officials in the Grand Duchy and he played a significant part in creating the autonomous role of Finland at the Diet of Porvoo