Born in 1782

Jan 5 Robert Morrison (missionary) an Anglo -Scottish evangelist and the first Christian Protestant missionary in China.
Jan 8 Tommaso Riario Sforza the Neapolitan Cardinal who, as protodeacon, announced at the end of the 1846 conclave the election of Cardinal Giovanni Mastai-Ferretti as Pope Pius IX.
Jan 14 Carl Ferdinand Langhans a Prussian architect with a special interest in theatre architecture.
Jan 18 Daniel Webster a leading American senator and statesman during the era of the Second Party System. He was the outstanding spokesman for American nationalism with powerful oratory that made him a key Whig leader. He spoke for conservatives, and led the opposition to Democrat Andrew Jackson and his Democratic Party. He was a spokesman for modernization, banking, and industry, but not for the common people who composed the base of his opponents in Jacksonian Democracy. "He was a thoroughgoing elitist, and he reveled in it," says biographer Robert Remini. During his 40 years in national politics, Webster served in the House of Representatives for 10 years , in the Senate for 19 years , and was appointed the United States Secretary of State under three presidents
Jan 20 Archduke John of Austria a member of the Habsburg dynasty, an Austrian field marshal and German Imperial regent.
Jan 21 Afanasy Grigoriev a Russian Neoclassical architect, who worked in Moscow and its suburbs. Grigoriev is remembered for his refined Empire style mansions, completion of Great Ascension Church and assistance to Domenico Giliardi in rebuilding Moscow after the Great Fire of 1812
Jan 22 Franciszek Ksawery Lampi a Polish Romantic painter born in Austria of ethnic Italian background. He was associated with the aristocratic circle of the late Stanisław II Augustus, the last Polish king before the foreign partitions of Poland. Lampi settled in Warsaw around 1815 at the age of 33, and established himself as the leading landscape and portrait artist in Congress Poland soon after Napoleon's defeat in Russia
Jan 29 Daniel Auber a French composer.
Feb 2 James Chalmers (inventor) a Scotsman who it was claimed, by his son, was the inventor of the adhesive postage stamp.
Feb 2 Henri de Rigny the commander of the French squadron at the Battle of Navarino in the Greek War of Independence.
Feb 15 William Miller (preacher) credited with beginning the mid-nineteenth century North American religious movement that was known as the Millerites. After his prophetic interpretations did not happen as he expected, new heirs of his message emerged, including Seventh-day Adventists and Advent Christians. Later movements found inspiration in Miller's emphasis on Bible prophecy
Feb 17 Fyodor Ivanovich Tolstoy a Russian nobleman from the well-known Tolstoy family. Possessed of an unusual temper, he became famous for his gambling, his passion for duels, and his voyage to North America, where he earned his nickname. He was acquainted with many famous authors of his period and served as a prototype for some of the characters in their works
Feb 23 Johann Baptist Emanuel Pohl an Austrian botanist, entomologist, geologist, and physician.
Mar 4 Johann Rudolf Wyss a Swiss author, writer, and folklorist who wrote the words to the former Swiss national anthem Rufst Du, mein Vaterland in 1811, and also edited the novel The Swiss Family Robinson, written by his father Johann David Wyss, published in 1812. His father died in 1818, and Johann Robert Wyss died in 1830, at the young age of 48
Mar 7 Angelo Mai an Italian Cardinal and philologist. He won a European reputation for publishing for the first time a series of previously unknown ancient texts. These he was able to discover and publish, first while in charge of the Biblioteca Ambrosiana in Milan and then in the same role at the Vatican Library. The texts were often in parchment palimpsests; he was able to read the lower text using chemicals such as Gallic acid. In particular he was able to locate a substantial portion of the long known of and much sought-after De re publica of Cicero
Mar 7 Henryka Beyer a German painter active in Poland. The youngest sister of Wilhelm Henryk Minter, an architect
Mar 13 Sir Robert Bateson 1st Baronet an Irish baronet, landowner and Conservative politician.
Mar 14 Thomas Hart Benton (politician) a U.S. Senator from Missouri and a staunch advocate of westward expansion of the United States. He served in the Senate from 1821 to 1851, becoming the first member of that body to serve five terms. Benton was an architect and champion of westward expansion by the United States, a cause that became known as Manifest Destiny
Mar 18 John C. Calhoun a leading American politician and political theorist during the first half of the 19th century. Hailing from South Carolina, Calhoun began his political career as a nationalist, modernizer, and proponent of a strong national government and protective tariffs. After 1830, his views evolved and he became a greater proponent of states' rights, limited government, nullification and free trade; as he saw these means as the only way to preserve the Union. He is best known for his intense and original defense of slavery as something positive, his distrust of majoritarianism, and for pointing the South toward secession from the Union
Mar 19 Wilhelm von Biela a German-Austrian military officer and amateur astronomer.
Mar 24 Orest Kiprensky a leading Russian portraitist in the Age of Romanticism. His most familiar work is probably his portrait of Alexander Pushkin , which prompted the poet to remark that "the mirror flatters me"
Mar 25 Caroline Bonaparte the seventh surviving child and third surviving daughter of Carlo Buonaparte and Letizia Ramolino, and a younger sister of Napoleon I of France.
Apr 3 Alexander Macomb (general) the Commanding General of the United States Army from May 29, 1828 to June 25, 1841. Macomb was the field commander at the Battle of Plattsburgh during the War of 1812 and, after the stunning victory, was lauded with praise and styled "The Hero of Plattsburgh" by some of the American press. He was promoted to Major General for his conduct, receiving both the thanks of Congress and a Congressional Gold Medal
Apr 5 Wincenty Krasiński a Polish nobleman , political activist and military leader.
Apr 14 Carlo Coccia an Italian opera composer. He was known for the genre of opera semiseria
Apr 18 Georg August Goldfuss a German palaeontologist, zoologist and botanist.
Apr 21 Friedrich Fröbel a German pedagogue, a student of Pestalozzi who laid the foundation for modern education based on the recognition that children have unique needs and capabilities. He created the concept of the “kindergarten” and also coined the word now used in German and English. He also developed the educational toys known as Froebel Gifts
Apr 23 Prince Teimuraz of Georgia a Georgian prince and scholar primarily known as an author of the first critical history in Georgian as well as for his work to popularize interest in the history and culture of Georgia and preserve its treasures.
Apr 25 Adriano Balbi born at Venice. The publication of his Prospetto politico-geografico dello stato attuale del globo obtained his election to the chair of professor of geography at the college of San Michele at Murano; in 1811–1813 he was professor of physics at the Lyceum of Fermo, and afterwards became attached to the customs office at his native city
Apr 26 Maria Amalia of Naples and Sicily French queen as the wife of Louis Philippe I.
May 13 Johan Gustaf Sandberg a Swedish painter from Stockholm. He was foremost a history painter and used settings from Norse mythology and Swedish history. His most widely known work in this area are his frescoes in Uppsala Cathedral that depict the Swedish king Gustav Vasa. In addition to his history paintings, Sandberg painted a number of portraits
May 16 John Sell Cotman an English marine and landscape painter, etcher, illustrator and author, a leading member of the Norwich school of artists.
May 18 Ludwig Adolf Wilhelm von Lützow a Prussian lieutenant general notable for his organization and command of the Lützow Freikorps of volunteers during the Napoleonic Wars. He came from the House of Mecklenburg, his father was a Prussian Major General Johann Adolph von Lützow , and his mother, Wilhelmine
May 19 Ivan Paskevich an imperial Russian military leader. For his victories, he was made Count of Erivan in 1828 and Namestnik of the Kingdom of Poland in 1831. He attained the rank of field marshal in the Russian army, and later in the Prussian and Austrian armies
May 27 Antoni Jan Ostrowski a Polish noble , landowner, political and economic activist, general and publicist.
May 30 Mikhail Semyonovich Vorontsov a Russian prince and field-marshal, renowned for his success in the Napoleonic wars, and most famous for his participation in the Caucasian War from 1844 to 1853.
Jun 1 Ferdinand von Tiesenhausen a Russian noble and military officer of German Baltic origin.
Jun 4 Christian Martin Frähn born at Rostock, Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
Jun 10 Amable Guillaume Prosper Brugière baron de Barante a French statesman and historian.
Jun 15 Alexander George Woodford a British Army officer. After taking part in the Anglo-Russian invasion of Holland, he served in most of the battles of the Napoleonic Wars. During the Hundred Days he commanded the 2nd battalion of the Coldstream Guards at the Battle of Quatre Bras, the Battle of Waterloo and the storming of Cambrai. He went on to become lieutenant governor and brigade commander at Malta, lieutenant governor and brigade commander at Corfu and then commander of the British garrison on the Ionian Islands before being appointed Governor and Commander-in-Chief of Gibraltar
Jun 16 Olry Terquem a French mathematician. He is known for his works in geometry and for founding two scientific journals, one of which was the first journal about the history of mathematics. He was also the pseudonymous author of a sequence of letters advocating Jewish reform. He was French Jewish
Jun 19 Hugues Felicité Robert de Lamennais a French Catholic priest, philosopher, and political theorist. His famous opinions on matters of religion and government changed dramatically over the course of his life
Jun 21 Princess Maria Augusta of Saxony the daughter of Frederick Augustus I of Saxony and Amalie of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld.
Jun 23 Pyotr Kotlyarevsky a Russian military hero of the early 19th century.
Jun 24 Juan Larrea (politician) a Spanish businessman and politician in Buenos Aires during the early nineteenth century. He headed a military unit during the second British invasion of the Río de la Plata, and worked at the Buenos Aires Cabildo. He took part in the ill-fated Mutiny of Álzaga. Larrea and Domingo Matheu were the only two Spanish-born members of the Primera Junta, the first national government of Argentina
Jun 26 Peter Paul Dobree born in Guernsey.
Jul 6 Maria Luisa of Spain Duchess of Lucca an Infanta of Spain. She was a daughter of King Carlos IV of Spain and his wife Maria Luisa of Parma. In 1795, age thirteen, she married her first cousin Louis, Hereditary Prince of Parma. She spent the first years of her married life at the Spanish court where her first son, Charles II, Duke of Parma, was born
Jul 24 John Fox Burgoyne a British Army officer. After taking part in Siege of Malta during the French Revolutionary Wars, he saw action under Sir John Moore and then under Sir Arthur Wellesley at the numerous battles of the Peninsular War. He served under General Edward Pakenham as chief engineer during the War of 1812. He went on to act as official advisor to Lord Raglan during the Crimean War advocating the Bay of Kalamita as the point of disembarkation for allied forces and recommending a Siege of Sevastopol from the south side rather than a coup de main, so consigning the allied forces to a winter in the field in 1854
Jul 26 John Field (composer) an Irish pianist, composer, and teacher. He was born in Dublin into a musical family, and received his early education there. The Fields soon moved to London, where Field studied under Muzio Clementi. Under his tutelage, Field quickly became a famous and sought-after concert pianist; together, master and pupil visited Paris, Vienna, and Petersburg. Ambiguity surrounds Field's decision to remain in the Russian capital, but it is likely that Field acted as a sales representative for the Clementi Pianos
Aug 1 Eugène de Mazenod a French Catholic clergyman, beatified on 19 October 1975 by Pope Paul VI, and canonized on 3 December 1995 by Pope John Paul II.