1783 in history

1783 events chronologically

Jan 20 The Kingdom of Great Britain signs a peace treaty with France and Spain, officially ending hostilities in the American Revolutionary War (also known as the American War of Independence)
Feb 3 American Revolutionary War: Spain recognizes United States independence
Feb 5 In Calabria a sequence of strong earthquakes begins
Feb 7 American Revolutionary War: French and Spanish forces lift the Great Siege of Gibraltar
Mar 15 In an emotional speech in Newburgh, New York, George Washington asks his officers not to support the Newburgh Conspiracy. The plea is successful and the threatened coup d'état never takes place
Apr 15 Preliminary articles of peace ending the American Revolutionary War (or American War of Independence) are ratified
May 18 First United Empire Loyalists reach Parrtown (later called Saint John), New Brunswick, Canada after leaving the United States

Top 7 most famous people born in 1783

Jan 23 Stendhal a 19th-century French writer. Known for his acute analysis of his characters' psychology, he is considered one of the earliest and foremost practitioners of realism, as is evident in the novels Le Rouge et le Noir and La Chartreuse de Parme
Feb 9 Vasily Zhukovsky the foremost Russian poet of the 1810s and a leading figure in Russian literature in the first half of the 19th century. He held a high position at the Romanov court as tutor to the Grand Duchess Alexandra Feodorovna and later to her son, the future Tsar-Liberator Alexander II
Apr 3 Washington Irving an American author, essayist, biographer, historian, and diplomat of the early 19th century. He is best known for his short stories "Rip Van Winkle" and "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" , both of which appear in his book The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent.. His historical works include biographies of George Washington, Oliver Goldsmith and Muhammad, and several histories of 15th-century Spain dealing with subjects such as Christopher Columbus, the Moors and the Alhambra. Irving served as the U.S. ambassador to Spain from 1842 to 1846
Jul 24 Simón Bolívar a Venezuelan military and political leader. Bolívar played a key role in Latin America's successful struggle for independence from the Spanish Empire, and is today considered one of the most influential politicians in the history of the Americas
Sep 8 N. F. S. Grundtvig Nikolaj Frederik Severin Grundtvig , most often referred to as simply F. Grundtvig or just Grundtvig, was a Danish pastor, author, poet, philosopher, historian, teacher and politician. He was one of the most influential people in Danish history, as his philosophy gave rise to a new form of nationalism in the last half of the 19th century. He married thrice, lastly in his seventy-sixth year
Sep 27 Agustín de Iturbide a Mexican army general and politician. During the Mexican War of Independence, he built a successful political and military coalition that took control in Mexico City on 27 September 1821, decisively gaining independence. After the liberation of Mexico was secured, he was proclaimed President of the Regency in 1821. A year later, he was announced as the Constitutional Emperor of the new nation, reigning as Emperor briefly from 19 May 1822 to 19 March 1823. He is credited as the original designer of the first Mexican flag
Oct 22 Constantine Samuel Rafinesque known in Europe , was a nineteenth-century polymath who made notable contributions to botany, zoology, the study of prehistoric earthworks in North America and ancient Mesoamerican linguistics.

Top 7 most famous people died in 1783

Jan 2 Johann Jakob Bodmer a German-Swiss author, academic, critic and poet.
Feb 6 Capability Brown an English landscape architect. He is remembered as "the last of the great English eighteenth-century artists to be accorded his due", and "England's greatest gardener". He designed over 170 parks, many of which still endure. His influence was so great that the contributions to the English garden made by his predecessors Charles Bridgeman and William Kent are often overlooked; even Kent's apologist Horace Walpole allowed that Kent had been followed by "a very able master"
Sep 18 Leonhard Euler a pioneering Swiss mathematician and physicist. He made important discoveries in fields as diverse as infinitesimal calculus and graph theory. He also introduced much of the modern mathematical terminology and notation, particularly for mathematical analysis, such as the notion of a mathematical function. He is also renowned for his work in mechanics, fluid dynamics, optics, astronomy, and music theory
Sep 27 Étienne Bézout a French mathematician who was born in Nemours, Seine-et-Marne, France, and died in Avon , France.
Oct 29 Jean le Rond d'Alembert a French mathematician, mechanician, physicist, philosopher, and music theorist. Until 1759 he was also co-editor with Denis Diderot of the Encyclopédie. D'Alembert's formula for obtaining solutions to the wave equation is named after him. The wave equation is sometimes referred to as d'Alembert's equation
Dec 16 Johann Adolph Hasse an 18th-century German composer, singer and teacher of music. Immensely popular in his time, Hasse was best known for his prolific operatic output, though he also composed a considerable quantity of sacred music. Married to soprano Faustina Bordoni and a great friend of librettist Pietro Metastasio, whose libretti he frequently set, Hasse was a pivotal figure in the development of opera seria and 18th-century music
Dec 20 Antonio Soler a Spanish composer whose works span the late Baroque and early Classical music eras. He is best known for his keyboard sonatas, an important contribution to the harpsichord, fortepiano and organ repertoire