Born in 1783

Jan 2 Christoffer Wilhelm Eckersberg a Danish painter. He was born in Blåkrog in the Duchy of Schleswig , to Henrik Vilhelm Eckersberg, painter and carpenter, and Ingeborg Nielsdatter. He went on to lay the foundation for the period of art known as the Golden Age of Danish Painting, and is referred to as the Father of Danish painting
Jan 10 Ludwig Lewin Jacobson a Danish surgeon.
Jan 12 Erik Gustaf Geijer a Swedish writer, historian, poet, philosopher, and composer. His writings served to promote Swedish National Romanticism. He also was an influential advocate of Liberalism
Jan 16 Nicholas Longworth (winemaker) born in Newark, New Jersey in 1783. In 1804 he moved to Cincinnati, Ohio, where he became a banker and a successful winemaker as well as founder of the Longworth family in Ohio. Longworth was an influential figure in the early history of American wine, producing sparkling Catawba wine from grapes grown in his Ohio River Valley vineyard
Jan 17 Pedro Gual Escandón a Venezuelan lawyer, politician, journalist and diplomat. In 1824 as chancelor of Great Colombia he negotiated with the U.S. diplomat Richard Clough Anderson and concluded the Anderson–Gual Treaty, the first bilateral treaty that the U.S. signed with another American state He was President of Venezuela for three periods and member of the Conservative Centralist party
Jan 20 Friedrich Dotzauer a German cellist and composer.
Jan 22 Henri-Joseph Paixhans a French artillery officer of the beginning of the 19th century.
Jan 23 Stendhal a 19th-century French writer. Known for his acute analysis of his characters' psychology, he is considered one of the earliest and foremost practitioners of realism, as is evident in the novels Le Rouge et le Noir and La Chartreuse de Parme
Jan 25 William Colgate an English manufacturer who founded in 1806 what became the Colgate toothpaste company.
Feb 1 André Marie Jean Jacques Dupin a French advocate, president of the chamber of deputies and of the Legislative Assembly.
Feb 2 Charles Frederick Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach a Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach.
Feb 9 Vasily Zhukovsky the foremost Russian poet of the 1810s and a leading figure in Russian literature in the first half of the 19th century. He held a high position at the Romanov court as tutor to the Grand Duchess Alexandra Feodorovna and later to her son, the future Tsar-Liberator Alexander II
Feb 13 Guglielmo Pepe an Italian general and patriot. He was brother to Florestano Pepe and cousin to Gabriele Pepe. He was married to Mary Ann Coventry, a Scottish woman
Feb 19 Alexander Sauerweid a Baltic German painter who taught battle painting at the Russian Imperial Academy of Arts.
Feb 21 Fyodor Petrovich Tolstoy a Russian artist who served as Vice-President of the Imperial Academy of Arts for forty years. His works — wax-reliefs, watercolours, medallions, and silhouettes — are distinguished by a cool detachment and spare and economical classicism
Feb 21 Catharina of Württemberg the second wife of Jérôme Bonaparte.
Feb 25 Władysław Grzegorz Branicki a Polish nobleman, senator and Russian general.
Feb 28 Gabriele Rossetti an Italian poet and scholar who emigrated to England.
Mar 8 Gottfried Wilhelm Fink a German composer, music theorist, poet, and a Protestant clergyman.
Mar 8 Hannah Van Buren the wife of the eighth United States President, Martin Van Buren.
Apr 3 Washington Irving an American author, essayist, biographer, historian, and diplomat of the early 19th century. He is best known for his short stories "Rip Van Winkle" and "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" , both of which appear in his book The Sketch Book of Geoffrey Crayon, Gent.. His historical works include biographies of George Washington, Oliver Goldsmith and Muhammad, and several histories of 15th-century Spain dealing with subjects such as Christopher Columbus, the Moors and the Alhambra. Irving served as the U.S. ambassador to Spain from 1842 to 1846
Apr 8 John Claudius Loudon a Scottish botanist, garden designer and cemetery designer, author and garden magazine editor.
Apr 10 Hortense de Beauharnais the stepdaughter of Emperor Napoleon I, being the daughter of his first wife, Joséphine de Beauharnais. She later became the wife of the former's brother, Louis Bonaparte, King of Holland, and the mother of Napoleon III, Emperor of the French. She had also an illegitimate son, Charles Auguste Louis Joseph, duc de Morny, by her lover Charles Joseph, comte de Flahaut
Apr 16 Joaquina Vedruna de Mas a Catalonian nun, founder of the Carmelite Sisters of the Charity. She was born into a noble family. In 1799, she married the lawyer and landowner Teodoro de Mas , with whom she had nine children. Her husband died in 1816 and she moved with her children to their estate in Vic. Here, she began her charitable activities with the sick and young women. Her spiritual director, the Capuchin Esteban de Olot, suggested she establish an apostolic congregation devoted to education and charity. The bishop of Vic, Pablo Jesús Corcuera, told her the institute should be of Carmelite inspiration. The same bishop wrote the rule on 6 February 1826, and 20 days later she and another 8 women professed their vows. Within the next few years, Joaquina's Carmelites founded several houses in Catalonia. During the First Carlist War , she had to flee from Spain because she had founded a hospital in the Carlist town of Berga that was threatened by the fighting. As a result, she went to Roussillon, France, where she stayed from 1836 to 1842
Apr 29 David Cox (artist) an English landscape painter, one of the most important members of the Birmingham School of landscape artists and an early precursor of impressionism.
May 3 José de la Riva Agüero a Peruvian soldier, politician, historian and twice President of Peru.
May 22 William Sturgeon an English physicist and inventor who made the first electromagnets, and invented the first practical English electric motor.
May 23 Paisi Kaysarov a Russian general who served during the Napoleonic Wars.
May 25 Philip Pendleton Barbour a U.S. Congressman from Virginia and an Associate Justice of the United States Supreme Court. He was also the brother of Virginia governor and U.S. Secretary of War James Barbour as well as the first cousin of John Barbour and first cousin, once removed of John Barbour, Jr
Jun 8 Pattimura an Ambonese soldier and National Hero of Indonesia.
Jun 19 Friedrich Sertürner a German pharmacist, who discovered morphine in 1804.
Jun 19 Thomas Sully an American painter, mostly of portraits.
Jun 24 Johann Heinrich von Thünen a prominent nineteenth century economist. Von Thünen was a Mecklenburg landowner, who in the first volume of his 1826 treatise The Isolated State, developed the first serious treatment of spatial economics and Economic geography, connecting it with the theory of rent. The importance lies less in the pattern of land use predicted than in its analytical approach
Jul 1 Tilman-François Suys a Belgian architect who also worked in the Netherlands.
Jul 3 Prince Wilhelm of Prussia (1783–1851) the son of Frederick William II of Prussia and Frederika Louisa of Hesse-Darmstadt.
Jul 13 Augustus Grand Duke of Oldenburg the Grand Duke of Oldenburg from 1829 to 1853.
Jul 20 Job von Witzleben a Prussian lieutenant general, adjutant-general to the king, and minister of war.
Jul 21 Charles Tristan marquis de Montholon a French general during the Napoleonic Wars. He chose to go into exile on Saint Helena with the ex-Emperor after Napoleon's second abdication
Jul 24 Frédéric de Lafresnaye a French ornithologist and collector.
Jul 24 Simón Bolívar a Venezuelan military and political leader. Bolívar played a key role in Latin America's successful struggle for independence from the Spanish Empire, and is today considered one of the most influential politicians in the history of the Americas
Aug 2 Sulpiz Boisserée a German art collector and art historian. With his brother Melchior he formed a collection that ultimately formed the basis of that of the Alte Pinakothek. He played a key role in the completion of Cologne Cathedral
Aug 4 Domingo Caycedo a Colombian statesman who served as Vice-president of Gran Colombia and the Republic of New Granada, and due to the absence of the presidents, he himself served as President a total of eleven times, making him the person to have served more times as President of Colombia. He is also credited for creating the Republic of New Granada after the division of Venezuela and Ecuador
Aug 7 Princess Amelia of the United Kingdom a member of the British Royal Family. She was the youngest daughter and child of King George III of the United Kingdom and his queen consort Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Aug 9 Grand Duchess Alexandra Pavlovna of Russia a daughter of Tsar Paul I of Russia and sister of Emperors Alexander I and Nicholas She became Archduchess of Austria upon her marriage to Archduke Joseph of Austria, Governor of Hungary.
Aug 13 John Crawfurd a Scottish physician, colonial administrator and diplomat, and author. He is now best known for his work on Asian languages, his History of the Indian Archipelago, and his role in founding Singapore
Aug 23 William Tierney Clark an English civil engineer particularly associated with the design and construction of bridges. He was among the earliest designers of suspension bridges
Sep 6 Armand Beauvais a Justice of the Peace, a Member of the Louisiana House of Representatives, Speaker of the Louisiana House of Representatives, President of the Louisiana Senate and the seventh Governor of Louisiana.
Sep 8 August Friedrich Schweigger a German naturalist born in Erlangen. He was the younger brother of scientist Johann Salomo Christoph Schweigger
Sep 8 N. F. S. Grundtvig Nikolaj Frederik Severin Grundtvig , most often referred to as simply F. Grundtvig or just Grundtvig, was a Danish pastor, author, poet, philosopher, historian, teacher and politician. He was one of the most influential people in Danish history, as his philosophy gave rise to a new form of nationalism in the last half of the 19th century. He married thrice, lastly in his seventy-sixth year
Sep 17 Nadezhda Durova a woman who, while disguised as a man, became a decorated soldier in the Russian cavalry during the Napoleonic wars. She was the first known female officer in the Russian military. Her memoir, The Cavalry Maiden, is a significant document of its era because few junior officers of the Napoleonic wars published their experiences, and because it is one of the earliest autobiographies in the Russian language