Born in 1785

Jan 4 Friedrich Wilhelm Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg the first Duke of the Second Line of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and founder of a line that includes the Royal Houses of Denmark, Greece, Norway, and the United Kingdom.
Jan 4 Jacob Grimm a German philologist, jurist and mythologist. He is best known as the discoverer of Grimm's Law , the author of the monumental Deutsches Wörterbuch, the author of Deutsche Mythologie and, more popularly, as one of the Brothers Grimm, as the editor of Grimm's Fairy Tales
Jan 6 Carl Friedrich von Rumohr a German art historian, writer, draughtsman and painter, agricultural historian, connoisseur of and writer about the culinary arts, art collector and patron of artists.
Jan 10 John Fleming (naturalist) a Scottish minister, naturalist, zoologist and geologist. He named and described a number of species of molluscs. He was born near Bathgate in Linlithgowshire and died in Edinburgh. During his life he tried to reconcile theology with science
Jan 13 Carl Adolph Agardh a Swedish botanist specializing in algae, who was eventually appointed bishop of Karlstad.
Jan 15 William Prout an English chemist, physician, and natural theologian. He is remembered today mainly for what is called Prout's hypothesis
Jan 19 Prince Paul of Württemberg the fourth child and second son of King Frederick I and his wife, Duchess Augusta of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel.
Jan 20 Theodor Grotthuss a German chemist known for establishing the first theory of electrolysis in 1806 and formulating the first law of photochemistry in 1817. His theory of electrolysis is considered the first description of the so-called Grotthuss mechanism
Jan 30 Charles Metcalfe 1st Baron Metcalfe a British colonial administrator. He held appointments including acting Governor-General of India, Governor of Jamaica and Governor General of the Province of Canada
Jan 30 Abel de Pujol a French painter. He was a student of David and his own students included Alexandre-Gabriel Decamps and Emile Levy. He painted the ceiling of the grand-staircase at the Louvre as well as the galerie de Diane at Fontainebleau and the ceiling of the Bourse de Paris. A member of the Institut de France, he was an officer of the légion d'honneur
Jan 31 Charles Green (balloonist) the United Kingdom's most famous balloonist of the 19th century. He experimented with coal gas as a cheaper and more readily available alternative to hydrogen for lifting power. His first ascent was in a coal gas balloon on 19 July 1821. He became a professional balloonist and had made 200 ascents by 1835. In 1836, he set a major long distance record in the balloon "Royal Vauxhall", flying overnight from Vauxhall Gardens in London to Weilburg, Duchy of Nassau a distance of 480 miles : this record was not broken until 1907. By the time he retired in 1852, he had flown in a balloon more than 500 times
Jan 31 Henry Pelham-Clinton 4th Duke of Newcastle a British nobleman and politician who played a leading part in British politics in the late 1820s and early 1830s. He was styled Lord Clinton from birth until 1794 and Earl of Lincoln between 1794 and 1795
Jan 31 Konstantin von Benckendorff a Russian general and diplomat.
Feb 2 Isabella Colbran a Spanish opera singer known in her native country as Isabel Colbrandt. Many sources note her as a dramatic coloratura soprano but some believe that she was a mezzo-soprano with a high extension, a soprano sfogato. She collaborated with opera composer Gioachino Rossini in the creation of a number of roles that remain in the repertory to this day. She was also the composer of four collections of songs
Feb 5 Lev Naryshkin a Russian aristocrat who fought in the Napoleonic Wars.
Feb 8 Heinrich Anschütz a German actor.
Feb 8 Martín Miguel de Güemes a military leader and popular caudillo who defended northwestern Argentina from the Spanish during the Argentine War of Independence.
Feb 10 Claude-Louis Navier a French engineer and physicist who specialized in mechanics.
Feb 12 Pierre Louis Dulong a French physicist and chemist, remembered today largely for the law of Dulong and Petit. He worked on the specific heat capacity and the expansion and refractive indices of gases
Feb 20 Catherina Cibbini-Kozeluch an Austrian pianist and composer of Bohemian ancestry. She was born in Vienna, the daughter of prominent pianist and music publisher Jan Antonín Koželuh. She studied music with her father and also with Muzio Clementi
Feb 22 Jean Charles Athanase Peltier a French physicist. He was originally a watch dealer, but at 30 years old took up experiments and observations in the field of physics
Feb 24 François Mauguin a French lawyer and politician. He was a Deputy from 1827 to 1848 and a Representative in 1848 and 1849. He played a leading role in the July Revolution of 1830. At first a passionate liberal, he later became increasingly conservative
Feb 26 Anna Sundström a Swedish chemist. She was the assistant of the chemist and scientist Jöns Jacob Berzelius from 1808 to 1836. Anna Sundström has been referred to as the first female chemist in Sweden
Feb 27 Manuel Rodríguez Erdoíza a Chilean lawyer and guerrilla leader, considered one of the founders of independent Chile. Rodríguez was of Basque descent
Mar 6 Karol Kurpiński a Polish composer, conductor and pedagogue.
Mar 7 Alessandro Manzoni an Italian poet and novelist. He is famous for the novel The Betrothed , generally ranked among the masterpieces of world literature. The novel is also a symbol of the Italian Risorgimento, both for its patriotic message and because it was a fundamental milestone in the development of the modern, unified Italian language
Mar 11 John McLean an American jurist and politician who served in the United States Congress, as U.S. Postmaster General, and as a justice on the Ohio and U.S. Supreme Courts. He was often discussed for the Whig and Republican nominations for President
Mar 17 Pierre-Joseph-Guillaume Zimmermann a French pianist, composer, and music teacher.
Mar 22 Adam Sedgwick one of the founders of modern geology. He proposed the Devonian period of the geological timescale. Later, he proposed the Cambrian period, based on work which he did on Welsh rock strata
Mar 24 Ján Hollý a Slovak poet and translator. He was the first greater Slovak poet to write exclusively in the newly standardized literary Slovak language. His predecessors mostly wrote in various regional versions of Czech, Slovakized Czech or Latin. Hollý translated Virgil's Aeneid and wrote his own epic poetry in alexandrine verse to show that the Slovak language recently standardized by Anton Bernolák was capable of expressing complex poetic forms
Mar 27 Sir Oswald Mosley 2nd Baronet of Ancoats a British politician and writer.
Mar 27 Louis XVII of France the younger son of King Louis XVI of France and Queen Marie Antoinette. As the son of the king, he was a Fils de France. His older brother, Louis Joseph, died in June 1789, just a few weeks before the start of the French Revolution
Mar 28 Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha a prince of the house of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and a general of cavalry in the Austrian Imperial and Royal Army during the Napoleonic Wars.
Mar 30 Henry Hardinge 1st Viscount Hardinge a British Army officer and politician. After serving in the Peninsula War and the Waterloo Campaign he became Secretary at War in Wellington's ministry. After a tour as Chief Secretary for Ireland in 1830 he became Secretary at War again in Sir Robert Peel's cabinet. He went on to be Governor-general of India at the time of the First Anglo-Sikh War and then Commander-in-Chief of the Forces during the Crimean War
Apr 4 Bettina von Arnim a German writer and novelist.
Apr 7 Lorenzo Hammarsköld a Swedish author.
Apr 19 Alexandre Pierre François Boëly a French composer, organist, and pianist. Born into a family of musicians, Boëly received his first music lessons from his father, Jean François, who was a countertenor at the Sainte-Chapelle in Paris and a composer and harp teacher at the court of Versailles. He also studied under the Tyrolian pianist Ignaz Ladurner, who introduced him to the work of Bach and Haydn, which Boëly would champion in his adult career. Besides mastering the piano and organ, Boëly was also a talented violist
Apr 21 Charles Joseph comte de Flahaut a French general and statesman. He was the lover of Napoleon I's stepdaughter, Hortense de Beauharnais, Queen of Holland, by whom he had an illegitimate son, Charles Auguste Louis Joseph Demorny, known later as the Duc de Morny
Apr 26 John James Audubon an American ornithologist, naturalist, and painter. He was notable for his expansive studies to document all types of American birds and for his detailed illustrations that depicted the birds in their natural habitats. His major work, a color-plate book entitled The Birds of America , is considered one of the finest ornithological works ever completed. Audubon identified 25 new species
Apr 29 Karl Drais a German inventor, who invented the Laufmaschine , also later called the velocipede, draisine or draisienne , also nicknamed the dandy horse. This incorporated the two-wheeler principle that is basic to the bicycle and motorcycle and was the beginning of mechanized personal transport. Drais also invented the earliest typewriter with a keyboard in 1821, later developed into an early stenograph machine, and a wood-saving cooker including the earliest hay chest
May 3 Vicente López y Planes an Argentine writer and politician who acted as interim President of Argentina from July 7, 1827 to August 18, 1827. He also wrote the lyrics of the Argentine National Anthem adopted on May 11, 1813
May 13 Friedrich Christoph Dahlmann a German historian and politician.
May 13 Hans Karl von Diebitsch a German-born soldier serving as Russian Field Marshal.
May 18 John Wilson (Scottish writer) a Scottish advocate, literary critic and author, the writer most frequently identified with the pseudonym Christopher North of Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine.
May 21 August Immanuel Bekker a German philologist and critic.
Jun 4 Domenico Gilardi a Swiss architect who worked primarily in Moscow, Russia in Neoclassicist style. He was one of key architects charged with rebuilding the city after the Fire of 1812. Gilardi’s legacy survives in public buildings like Moscow Orphanage, Widows’ House, Catherine’s Institute and the Old Hall of Moscow University
Jun 21 Sylvie von Ziegesar a German woman active in the intellectual circles of Weimar Classicism. She was a friend of the painter Louise Seidler and the intellectual Pauline Gotter the subject of Goethe's poem "To Sylvie von Ziegesar"
Jul 6 William Hooker (botanist) an English systematic botanist and organiser, and botanical illustrator. He held the post of Regius Professor of Botany at Glasgow University, and was Director of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. He enjoyed the friendship and support of Sir Joseph Banks for his exploring, collecting and organising work. His son, Joseph Dalton Hooker, succeeded him to the Directorship of Kew Gardens
Jul 14 Mordecai Manuel Noah an American playwright, diplomat, journalist, and utopian. He was born in a family of Portuguese Sephardic ancestry. He was the most important Jewish lay leader in New York in the pre-Civil War period, and the first Jew born in the United States to reach national prominence
Jul 20 Josif Rajačić a metropolitan of Sremski Karlovci, Serbian Patriarch, administrator of Serbian Vojvodina and baron.