Born in 1786

Jan 1 Dixon Denham an English soldier, explorer of West Central Africa, and ultimately Governor of Sierra Leone.
Jan 3 Friedrich Schneider a German pianist, composer and conductor.
Jan 5 Thomas Nuttall an English botanist and zoologist who lived and worked in America from 1808 until 1841.
Jan 6 Gaspar del Bufalo a Roman Catholic priest and the founder of the Missionaries of the Precious Blood.
Jan 7 John Catron an American jurist who served as a US Supreme Court justice from 1837 to 1865.
Jan 8 Nicholas Biddle (banker) an American financier who served as the second and last president of the Second Bank of the United States.
Jan 11 Joseph Jackson Lister an amateur British opticist and physicist and the father of Joseph Lister.
Jan 12 Sir Robert Inglis 2nd Baronet an English Conservative politician, noted for his staunch High church views.
Jan 13 Pierre-Dominique Bazaine a French scientist and engineer. He was educated at the École polytechnique in Paris as an engineer. At the request of Alexander I of Russia he was sent to Russia by Napoleon I as an army officer in the engineering corps to set up an institute for the education of transportation engineers, and in 1824 he became its director. Bazaine remained in Russia until 1834, organizing transportation routes and directing the work of inland navigation. He was responsible for many of the bridges of Petersburg and its outskirts , as well as other major civil engineering projects, including flood protection. He received many Honours and Awards for his extensive contribution to the infrastructure of Russia, as well as Honorary Fellowship of a number of science academies across Europe for his ground-breaking mathematical theses. He finally returned to France in 1834 and died in Paris aged 52 in 1838
Jan 23 Auguste de Montferrand a French Neoclassical architect who worked primarily in Russia. His two best known works are the Saint Isaac's Cathedral and the Alexander Column in Petersburg
Jan 24 Walter Forward an American lawyer and politician. He was the brother of Chauncey Forward
Jan 26 Benjamin Haydon an English painter, specialising in grand historical pictures, although he also painted a few contemporary subjects and, with some reluctance, portraits. His commercial success was damaged by his often tactless dealings with patrons, and by the enormous scale on which he preferred to work. He was troubled by financial problems throughout his life, which led to several periods of imprisonment for debt. He committed suicide in 1846
Jan 28 Nathaniel Wallich a surgeon and botanist of Danish origin who worked in India, initially in the Danish settlement near Calcutta and later for the East India Company. He was involved in the early development of the Calcutta Botanical Garden, describing many new plant species and developing a large herbarium collection which was distributed to collections in Europe. Several of the plants that he collected were named after him
Feb 2 Jacques Philippe Marie Binet a French mathematician, physicist and astronomer born in Rennes; he died in Paris, France, in 1856. He made significant contributions to number theory, and the mathematical foundations of matrix algebra which would later lead to important contributions by Cayley and others. In his memoir on the theory of the conjugate axis and of the moment of inertia of bodies he enumerated the principle now known as Binet's theorem. He is also recognized as the first to describe the rule for multiplying matrices in 1812, and Binet's formula expressing Fibonacci numbers in closed form is named in his honour, although the same result was known to Abraham de Moivre a century earlier
Feb 2 Petrus Hofman Peerlkamp a Dutch classical scholar and critic, descended from a family of French refugees named Perlechamp, was born at Groningen.
Feb 16 Grand Duchess Maria Pavlovna of Russia (1786–1859) the third daughter of Paul I of Russia and Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg. She was the Grand Duchess of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach by her marriage to Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach
Feb 22 Harriette Wilson a celebrated British Regency courtesan, whose clients included the Prince of Wales, the Lord Chancellor and four future Prime Ministers.
Feb 24 Martin W. Bates a lawyer and politician from Dover, in Kent County, Delaware. He was a member of the Federalist Party, and then the Democratic Party, who served in the Delaware General Assembly and as U.S. Senator from Delaware
Feb 24 Wilhelm Grimm a German author, the younger of the Brothers Grimm.
Feb 26 Madame Saqui a noted French tightrope walker or "rope dancer." For a time she had her own theatre, which she had re-decorated. She continued to perform into her seventies. In her day she was something of a celebrity and is mentioned in Vanity Fair by William Makepeace Thackeray
Feb 26 François Arago a French mathematician, physicist, astronomer, freemason, supporter of the carbonari and politician.
Mar 1 Baron Franz von Pillersdorf an Austrian statesman.
Mar 3 Alfred Wojciech Potocki a Polish nobleman , landowner, political and economic activist.
Mar 6 Charles Napier (Royal Navy officer) a Scottish naval officer whose sixty years in the Royal Navy included service in the War of 1812 , the Napoleonic Wars, Syrian War and the Crimean War , and a period commanding the Portuguese navy in the Liberal Wars. An innovator concerned with the development of iron ships, and an advocate of humane reform in the Royal Navy, he was also active in politics as a Liberal Member of Parliament and was probably the naval officer most widely known to the public in the early Victorian Era
Mar 10 José María Vargas the President of Venezuela from 1835–1836.
Mar 22 Karl Mayer (poet) a German jurist and poet of the Swabian school of poets, the circle of Justinus Kerner and the Serach poets' circle under count Alexander von Württemberg. His younger brother Louis Mayer was a landscape painter
Mar 22 Joachim Lelewel a Polish historian, bibliographer, polyglot and politician, from a Polonized branch of a Prussian family.
Mar 25 Giovanni Battista Amici an Italian astronomer, microscopist, and botanist.
Apr 1 William Mulready an Irish genre painter living in London. He is best known for his romanticizing depictions of rural scenes, and for creating Mulready stationery letter sheets, issued at the same time as the Penny Black postage stamp
Apr 5 Pavel Schilling a diplomat of Baltic German origin employed in the service of Russia in Germany, and who built a pioneering electrical telegraph. It consisted of a single needle system which used a telegraph code to indicate the characters in a message
Apr 7 William R. King an American politician and diplomat. He was the 13th Vice President of the United States for six weeks in 1853 before his death. Earlier he had been elected as a U.S. Representative from North Carolina and a Senator from Alabama. He also served as Minister to France during the reign of King Louis Phillippe
Apr 7 Izidor Guzmics born at Vámos-Család in the county of Sopron.
Apr 15 Walerian Łukasiński a Polish officer and political activist. Sentenced by Russian Imperial authorities to 14 years' imprisonment, he was never released and died after 46 years, becoming a symbol of the Polish struggle for independence
Apr 16 John Franklin a British Royal Navy officer and explorer of the Arctic. Franklin also served as Lieutenant-Governor of Van Diemen's Land from 1837 to 1843. He disappeared on his last expedition, attempting to chart and navigate a section of the Northwest Passage in the Canadian Arctic. The icebound ships were abandoned and the entire crew perished from starvation, hypothermia, tuberculosis, lead poisoning and scurvy
Apr 16 Albrecht Adam a German painter of battles and horses.
Apr 17 Charles de la Bédoyère a French General during the reign of Emperor Napoleon I who was executed in 1815.
Apr 26 Louis de Potter a Belgian journalist who became a famous politician and literature author. Out of the more than 100 books and pamphlets, one of the most notable works was his famous Letter to my fellow citizens in which he promoted more democracy, universal electoral rights and the Belgian unity of strengths between liberals and Catholics. As one of the heroes of the Belgian revolution, he proclaimed the independence of Belgium from the Netherlands , and inaugurated the first Belgian parliamentary assembly , on behalf of the Belgian provisional government
Apr 27 William Light a British military officer and the first Surveyor-General of the Colony of South Australia. He is famous for choosing the site of the colony's capital, Adelaide, and for designing the layout of its streets and parks - in the Adelaide city centre and the Adelaide Park Lands
May 3 Giuseppe Benedetto Cottolengo a saint of the Roman Catholic Church.
May 6 Ludwig Börne a German political writer and satirist.
May 8 John Vianney venerated in the Catholic Church as a saint and as the patron saint of all priests. He is often referred to as the "Curé d'Ars". He became internationally notable for his priestly and pastoral work in his parish because of the radical spiritual transformation of the community and its surroundings. Catholics attribute this to his saintly life, mortification, his persevering ministry in the sacrament of confession, and his ardent devotion to the Blessed Virgin Mary and to Saint Philomena
May 12 Jean-François Barrière a French historian. He wrote about the French revolution, most notably an annotated biography of Madame Roland entitled Memoirs de Madame Roland, Avec une Notice sur sa Vie, des Notes et des Eclaircissemens historiques par Saint-Albin Berville et Jean-François Barrière, edited and published in 1827 by Honoré de Balzac
May 15 Dimitris Plapoutas a Greek general who fought during the Greek War of Independence against the rule of the Ottoman Empire.
May 21 Karl Friedrich von Klöden a German educator, historian, and geographer.
May 28 Louis McLane an American lawyer and politician from Wilmington, in New Castle County, Delaware, and Baltimore, Maryland. He was a veteran of the War of 1812 and a member of the Federalist Party and later the Democratic Party. He served as the U.S. Representative from Delaware, U.S. Senator from Delaware, U.S. Secretary of the Treasury, U.S. Secretary of State, Minister Plenipotentiary to the United Kingdom, and President of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad
May 29 Charles Blomfield a British divine, and a Church of England bishop for 32 years.
Jun 5 András Fáy a Hungarian author, lawyer, politician and businessman.
Jun 11 Philipp Jakob Cretzschmar a German physician.
Jun 13 Winfield Scott a United States Army general, and unsuccessful presidential candidate of the Whig Party in 1852.
Jun 20 Marceline Desbordes-Valmore a French poet and novelist.