Died in 1787

Jan 4 Prince Joseph of Saxe-Hildburghausen an Austrian general and field marshal. He is best known for commanding the Franco-Austrian forces at the Battle of Rossbach
Feb 4 Pompeo Batoni an Italian painter who displayed a solid technical knowledge in his portrait work and in his numerous allegorical and mythological pictures. The high number of foreign visitors travelling throughout Italy and reaching Rome during their Grand Tour, made the artist specialized in portraits. Batoni won international fame largely thanks to his customers, mostly British of noble origin, whom he portrayed, often with famous Italian landscapes in the background. Such "Grand Tour" portraits by Batoni were in British private collections, thus ensuring the genre's popularity in the United Kingdom. One generation later, Sir Joshua Reynolds would take up this tradition and become the leading English portrait painter. Although Batoni was considered the best Italian painter of his time, contemporary chronicles mention of his rivalry with Anton Raphael Mengs
Feb 13 Charles Gravier comte de Vergennes a French statesman and diplomat. He served as Foreign Minister from 1774 during the reign of Louis XVI, notably during the American War of Independence
Feb 13 Roger Joseph Boscovich a physicist, astronomer, mathematician, philosopher, diplomat, poet, theologian, Jesuit priest, and a polymath from the city of Dubrovnik in the Republic of Ragusa , who studied and lived in Italy and France where he also published many of his works.
Feb 13 Philip II Count of Schaumburg-Lippe a ruler of the counties of Lippe-Alverdissen and Schaumburg-Lippe.
Feb 28 Princess Ulrike Friederike Wilhelmine of Hesse-Kassel a member of the House of Hesse-Kassel by birth, and of the House of Holstein-Gottorp through her marriage to Frederick Augustus I, Duke of Oldenburg. Ulrike was the Duchess consort of Oldenburg from 1774 until her husband's death in 6 July 1785
Mar 8 Samuel Graves probably best known for his role early in the American War of Independence.
Mar 11 Elimelech of Lizhensk known after his hometown, Leżajsk near Rzeszów in Poland. He was part of the inner "Chevraya Kadisha" school of the Maggid Rebbe Dov Ber of Mezeritch , who became the decentralised, third generation leadership after the passing of Rebbe Dov Ber in 1772. Their dissemination to new areas of Eastern Europe led the movement's rapid revivalist expansion
Mar 11 Maximilien Gardel a French ballet dancer and choreographer of German descent. He was the son of Claude Gardel, ballet master to king Stanisław Leszczyński, and elder brother of Pierre Gardel
Mar 12 Vicente Antonio García de la Huerta a Spanish dramatist, educated at Salamanca. At Madrid he soon attracted attention by his literary arrogance and handsome person, and at an early age became chief of the National Library, a post from which he was dismissed owing to the intrigues of his numerous enemies. The publication of his unsatisfactory collection of Spanish plays entitled Theatro Hespañol exposed him to severe censures, which appear to have affected his reason. He died at Madrid, without carrying into effect his avowed intention of reviving the national drama. His Agamemnon vengado derives from Sophocles, his faire is translated from Voltaire, and even his once famous Raquel, though Spanish in subject, is classic in form
Mar 30 Anna Amalia Abbess of Quedlinburg Princess-Abbess of Quedlinburg. She was one of ten surviving children of King Frederick William I of Prussia and Sophia Dorothea of Hanover
Apr 1 Floyer Sydenham an English scholar of Ancient Greek.
Apr 2 Francisco Javier Clavijero a Novohispano Jesuit teacher, scholar and historian. After the expulsion of the Jesuits from Spanish colonies , he went to Italy, where he wrote a valuable work on the pre-Columbian history and civilizations of Mesoamerica and the central Mexican altiplano
Apr 2 Thomas Gage a British general, best known for his many years of service in North America, including his role as military commander in the early days of the American Revolution.
Apr 22 Josef Starzer an Austrian composer and violinist of the pre-classical period.
May 6 Princess Carolina of Orange-Nassau the daughter of William IV, Prince of Orange, Stadtholder of the Netherlands, and Anne, Princess Royal.
May 10 William Watson (scientist) an English physician and scientist who was born and died in London. His early work was in botany, and he helped to introduce the work of Carolus Linnaeus into England. He became a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1741 and vice president in 1772
May 25 Carl Gustav Jablonsky a Berlin naturalist, entomologist and illustrator. He was also the private secretary to the Queen of Prussia, Elisabeth Christine of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel-Bevern
May 28 Leopold Mozart a German composer, conductor, teacher, and violinist. Mozart is best known today as the father and teacher of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and for his violin textbook Versuch einer gründlichen Violinschule
Jun 6 Robert Duff (Royal Navy officer) an officer of the Royal Navy during the War of the Austrian Succession, the Seven Years' War and the American War of Independence. He rose to the rank of Admiral, and served briefly as colonial governor of Newfoundland
Jun 19 Princess Sophie Hélène Béatrice of France the daughter of Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI of France.
Jun 20 Carl Friedrich Abel a German composer of the Classical era. He was a renowned player of the viola da gamba, and composed important music for that instrument
Jul 1 Charles Prince of Soubise a military man, and a minister to the kings Louis XV and Louis XVI. The last male of his branch of the House of Rohan, he was also the great grandfather to the duc d'Enghien, executed by Napoleon in 1804. Styled prince d'Epinoy at birth, he became the Prince of Soubise after 1749
Aug 1 Alphonsus Maria de' Liguori C.Ss.R. was an Italian Catholic bishop, spiritual writer, scholastic philosopher and theologian
Aug 5 François Francoeur a French composer and violinist.
Aug 13 Marc Antoine René de Voyer a French ambassador to Switzerland, Poland, Venice and to the Holy See; and later Minister of War. He was also a noted bibliophile and collector of art
Aug 16 John Ponsonby (politician) an Irish politician.
Oct 7 Henry Muhlenberg a German Lutheran pastor sent to North America as a missionary, requested by Pennsylvania colonists.
Oct 25 Pasquale Cafaro an Italian composer who was particularly known for his operas and the significant amount of sacred music he produced, including oratorios, motets, and masses. He was also called Cafariello
Oct 28 Johann Karl August Musäus a popular German author and one of the first collectors of German folk stories, most celebrated for his Volksmärchen der Deutschen , a collection of German fairy tales retold as satires.
Oct 30 Ferdinando Galiani an Italian economist, a leading Italian figure of the Enlightenment. Friedrich Nietzsche referred to him as "a most fastidious and refined intelligence" as well as "..the most profound, sharp-sighted and perhaps also the foulest man of his century."
Nov 3 Robert Lowth a Bishop of the Church of England, Oxford Professor of Poetry and the author of one of the most influential textbooks of English grammar.
Nov 15 Christoph Willibald Gluck a German composer of Italian and French opera in the early classical period. After many years at the Habsburg court at Vienna, Gluck brought about the practical reform of opera's dramaturgical practices that many intellectuals had been campaigning for over the years. With a series of radical new works in the 1760s, among them Orfeo ed Euridice and Alceste, he broke the stranglehold that Metastasian opera seria had enjoyed for much of the century
Nov 23 Anton Schweitzer a German composer of operas, who was affiliated with Abel Seyler's theatrical company.
Dec 11 Robert de Lamanon a French botanist, physicist and meteorologist. He joined several scientific expeditions and eventually died on one
Dec 18 Soame Jenyns an English writer.
Dec 23 Princess Louise of France (1737–1787) the youngest of the ten children of Louis XV and his wife, Maria Leszczyńska. As a daughter of the king, she held the rank of a fille de France. From 1740 she was known as Madame Louise