Born in 1788

Jan 1 Étienne Cabet a French philosopher and utopian socialist. He was the founder of the Icarian movement His goal was to replace capitalist production with workers cooperatives. He became the most popular socialist advocate of his day, with a special appeal to artisans were being undercut by factories. Cabet led groups of emigrants to found utopian communities in Texas and Illinois. However his work was undercut by his many feuds with his own followers
Jan 8 Archduke Rudolf of Austria (1788–1831) a Cardinal, an Archbishop of Olmütz, and a member of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine.
Jan 8 Duke Eugen of Württemberg (1788–1857) a German prince and a General of Infantry in the Imperial Russian Army during the Napoleonic Wars.
Jan 8 John C. Spencer an American lawyer, politician, judge and United States Cabinet secretary in the administration of President John Tyler.
Jan 11 William Thomas Brande an English chemist.
Jan 19 Pavel Kiselyov generally regarded as the most brilliant Russian reformer during Nicholas I's generally conservative reign.
Jan 22 Lord Byron an English poet and a leading figure in the Romantic movement. Among Byron's best-known works are the lengthy narrative poems Don Juan and Childe Harold's Pilgrimage and the short lyric She Walks in Beauty
Jan 31 Felice Romani an Italian poet and scholar of literature and mythology who wrote many librettos for the opera composers Donizetti and Bellini. Romani was considered the finest Italian librettist between Metastasio and Boito
Feb 4 John Kenrick (historian) an English classical historian.
Feb 5 Károly Kisfaludy a Hungarian dramatist and artist, brother of Sándor Kisfaludy. He was the founder of the national drama
Feb 5 Robert Peel a British Conservative statesman, who twice served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 10 December 1834 to 8 April 1835, and again from 30 August 1841 to 29 June 1846. The son of a wealthy textile manufacturer, he served in many top offices over four decades. While serving as Home Secretary, Peel reformed and liberalised the criminal law, and created the modern police force, leading to a new type of officer known in tribute to him as "bobbies" and "peelers". He cut tariffs to stimulate business; to replace the lost revenue he pushed through a 3% income tax. He played a central role in making Free Trade a reality and set up a modern banking system. Initially a supporter of legal discrimination against Catholics, Peel eventually supported the Roman Catholic Relief Act 1829, claiming "though emancipation was a great danger, civil strife was a greater danger". Peel has been criticised for his handling of the Irish famine. In 1834, Peel issued the Tamworth Manifesto, laying down the principles upon which the modern British Conservative Party is based. Peel often started from a traditional Tory position in opposition to a measure, then reversed himself and became the leader in supporting liberal legislation. This happened with the Test Act , Catholic Emancipation , the Reform Act of 1832, the income tax and most notably the repeal of the Corn Laws. Therefore many critics said he was a traitor to the Tory cause, or "a Liberal wolf in sheep's clothing" because his final position reflected liberal ideas. Historian A.J.P. Taylor says:
Feb 10 Johann Peter Pixis a German pianist and composer born in Mannheim, Germany.
Feb 12 Carl Reichenbach a notable chemist, geologist, metallurgist, naturalist, industrialist and philosopher, and a member of the prestigious Prussian Academy of Sciences. He is best known for his discoveries of several chemical products of economic importance, extracted from tar, such as eupione, waxy paraffin, pittacal and phenol. He also dedicated himself in his last years to research an unproved field of energy combining electricity, magnetism and heat, emanating from all living things, which he called the Odic force
Feb 16 Juan Van Halen a Spanish military officer. After fighting for the losing side in the Peninsular War, he was forced to flee to Spain. Van Halen became a military adventurer throughout Europe and went on an 18-month tenure as a colonel in the Russian Caucasus Dragoon Regiment until his removal by Tsar Alexander I of Russia
Feb 18 Alexandre Soumet a French poet.
Feb 21 Pyotr Aleksandrovich Chicherin a prominent Russian general that fought against Napoleon’s invasion of Russia. As a result, his portrait was hung in the of the Military Gallery of the Winter Palace
Feb 22 Arthur Schopenhauer driven by a continually dissatisfied will, continually seeking satisfaction. Influenced by Eastern philosophy, he maintained that the "truth was recognized by the sages of India"; consequently, his solutions to suffering were similar to those of Vedantic and Buddhist thinkers. The influence of "transcendental ideality" led him to choose atheism
Feb 24 Johan Christian Dahl Claussen Dahl , often known as C. Dahl or C. Dahl, was a Norwegian artist who is considered the first great romantic painter in Norway, the founder of the "golden age" of Norwegian painting, and one of the great European artists of all time. He is often described as "the father of Norwegian landscape painting" and is regarded as the first Norwegian Painter ever to reach a level of artistic accomplishment comparable to that attained by the greatest European artists of his day. He was also the first acquire genuine fame and cultural renown abroad. As one critic has put it, "J.C. Dahl occupies a central position in Norwegian artistic life of the first half of the 19th century
Feb 29 Otto Pfeilizer-Frank Baron Otto Wilhelm Hermann von Pfeilitzer gen. Franck, sometimes referred to as Otto Romanovich Franck or Otto Romanovich Pfeilitzer-Franck was a Russian statesman, the 6th governor of Taganrog
Mar 1 Gheorghe Asachi a Moldavian-born Romanian prose writer, poet, painter, historian, dramatist and translator. An Enlightenment-educated polymath and polyglot, he was one of the most influential people of his generation. Asachi was a respected journalist and political figure, as well as active in technical fields such as civil engineering and pedagogy, and, for long, the civil servant charged with overseeing all Moldavian schools. Among his leading achievements were the issuing of Albina Românească, a highly influential magazine, and the creation of Academia Mihăileană, which replaced Greek-language education with teaching in Romanian. His literary works combined a taste for Classicism with Romantic tenets, while his version of the literary language relied on archaisms and borrowings from the Moldavian dialect
Mar 2 Wilhelmine Reichard the first German female balloonist.
Mar 7 Antoine César Becquerel a French scientist and a pioneer in the study of electric and luminescent phenomena.
Mar 10 Edward Hodges Baily an English sculptor who was born in Downend in Bristol.
Mar 10 Joseph Freiherr von Eichendorff a German poet and novelist of the later German romantic school.
Mar 12 David d'Angers a French sculptor and medallist. He adopted the name David d'Angers, following his entry into the studio of the painter Jacques-Louis David in 1809 as a way of both expressing his patrimony and distinguishing himself from the master painter
Mar 17 Heinrich von Heß an Austrian soldier and field marshal, who entered the army in 1805 and was soon employed as a staff officer on survey work.
Mar 21 Boniface de Castellane a Marshal of France.
Mar 22 Pierre Joseph Pelletier a French chemist who did notable research on vegetable alkaloids, and was the co-discoverer of quinine and strychnine.
Mar 29 Infante Carlos Count of Molina the second surviving son of King Charles IV of Spain and of his wife, Maria Luisa of Parma. As Carlos V he was the first of the Carlist claimants to the throne of Spain. He is often referred to simply as 'Don Carlos'. He was a reactionary angry with liberalism in Spain and the assaults on the Catholic Church. He claimed the throne of Spain after the death of his older brother King Ferdinand VII in 1833. His claim was contested by liberal forces loyal to the dead king's infant daughter. The result was the bloody First Carlist War. Don Carlos had support from Basque provinces and much of Catalonia, but it was not enough and he lost the war and never became king. His heirs continued the arch-conservative cause, fought two more "Carlist" wars and were active into the mid-20th century, but never obtained the throne
Apr 2 Francisco Balagtas widely considered as one of the greatest Filipino literary laureate for his impact on Filipino literature. The famous epic, Florante at Laura, is regarded as his defining work
Apr 5 Franz Pforr a painter of the German Nazarene movement.
Apr 14 David G. Burnet an early politician within the Republic of Texas, serving as interim President of Texas , second Vice President of the Republic of Texas , and Secretary of State for the new state of Texas after it was annexed to the United States of America.
Apr 15 Semyon Ivanovich Yanovsky a Russian naval officer and chief manager of the Russian-American Company.
Apr 18 Charles de Steuben a German-born French Romantic portrait painter and lithographer active during the Napoleonic Era.
Apr 20 Juraj Haulik a Croatian cardinal in the Roman Catholic Church of Slovak ethnicity and the first archbishop of Zagreb. He was also acting ban of Croatia for two separate terms
Apr 20 Spyridon Trikoupis a Greek statesman, diplomat, author and orator. He was the first Prime Minister of Greece and member of provisional governments of Greece since 1826
Apr 24 Carl Mayer von Rothschild a German-born banker in the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies and the founder of the Rothschild banking family of Naples.
Apr 27 Charles Robert Cockerell an English architect, archaeologist, and writer.
May 6 Esprit Requien a French naturalist, who made contributions in the fields of conchology, paleontology and especially botany.
May 10 Augustin-Jean Fresnel a French engineer and physicist who contributed significantly to the establishment of the theory of wave optics. Fresnel studied the behaviour of light both theoretically and experimentally
May 10 Catherine Pavlovna of Russia the fourth daughter of Tsar Paul I of Russia and Princess Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg. She became the Queen of Württemberg upon her marriage to her first cousin Crown Prince William who eventually became King William I of Württemberg in 1816
May 15 James Gadsden an American diplomat, soldier and businessman and namesake of the Gadsden Purchase, in which the United States purchased from Mexico the land that became the southern portion of Arizona and New Mexico. James Gadsden served as Adjutant General of the S. Army from August 13, 1821 – March 22, 1822, and held the rank of colonel in the US Army. He was commonly known as General Gadsden but was only a two-star general
May 16 Friedrich Rückert a German poet, translator, and professor of Oriental languages.
May 18 Hugh Clapperton a Scottish naval officer and explorer of West and Central Africa.
May 20 Henry Smith (Texas Governor) first American-born Governor of the Mexican territory of Texas and briefly presided over the revolution there.
May 22 William Broughton (bishop) the first Bishop of Australia of the Church of England.
May 24 Manuel Rodríguez Torices a Neogranadine statesman, lawyer, journalist, and Precursor of the Independence of Colombia. He was part of the Triumvirate of the United Provinces of New Granada in 1815, and served as Vice President of the United Provinces after the triumvirate. He was executed during the Reign of Terror of Pablo Morillo in 1816
May 28 Carl Ludwig Christian Rümker a German astronomer. In German, his name is spelt Karl Ludwig Christian Rümker; he was also known as Charles Rümker, Charles Rumker, Charles Luis Rumker, Christian Carl Ludwig Rümker and Charles Stargard Rumker
Jun 15 Peter Dillon a sandalwood trader, self-proclaimed explorer, raconteur, and discoverer of the fate of the La Pérouse expedition.
Jun 17 Johann Heinrich Achterfeldt a German theologian.