Born in 1789

Jan 3 Carl Gustav Carus a German physiologist and painter, born in Leipzig, who played various roles during the Romantic era. A friend of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, he was a many-sided man: a doctor, a naturalist, a scientist, a psychologist, and a landscape painter who studied under Caspar David Friedrich
Jan 4 Alphonse Henri d'Hautpoul Prime Minister of France from 31 October 1849 to 10 April 1851 during the French Second Republic.
Jan 17 August Neander a German theologian and church historian.
Jan 24 Prince Grigol of Georgia a Georgian royal prince of the house of Bagrationi. A grandson of George XII, the last king of Georgia, and the only son of Prince Ioann of Georgia, he was briefly proclaimed as King of Georgia during a revolt against the Russian rule in 1812. After spending several months in a Russian prison, Grigol joined the Russian military ranks and took part in the 1813 Polish campaign. He is the author of several poems, memoirs, and a compilation of Georgian poetry
Jan 30 Wolf Heinrich Graf von Baudissin a German diplomat, writer, and translator.
Feb 2 Ludwig Wilhelm Maurer a German composer, conductor, and violinist born in Potsdam. In 1802, he debuted in Berlin with his first major violin performance. After a brief period of studying French violin style in Mitau , Maurer went to Russia at age 17 in 1806, where he would stay for most of his life. For this reason, Maurer is considered both a German and a Russian composer
Feb 7 Joakim Frederik Schouw a Danish lawyer, botanist and politician. From 1821, professor in botany at the University of Copenhagen — first extraordinary professor, but after the death of J.W. Hornemann in 1841 ordinary. His main scientific field was the new discipline of phytogeography
Feb 9 Franz Xaver Gabelsberger a German inventor of a shorthand writing system, named Gabelsberger shorthand after him.
Feb 19 José Fernández Madrid a Neogranadine statesman, physician, scientist and writer, who was President of the interim triumvirate of the United Provinces of New Granada in 1814, and President of the United Provinces of the New Granada in 1816. After the Spanish retook New Granada, he was barred from the country and was exiled in Havana, where he continued his scientific studies and worked as a doctor. He was later pardoned and allowed to come back to Colombia, and was appointed ambassador to France and to the United Kingdom where he died in 1830
Mar 1 John Ramsay McCulloch widely regarded as the leader of the Ricardian school of economists after the death of David Ricardo in 1823. He was appointed the first professor of political economy at University College London in 1828. He wrote extensively on economic policy, and was a pioneer in the collection, statistical analysis and publication of economic data
Mar 4 Pavel Gagarin a Russian politician and statesman from the Rurikid Gagarin family.
Mar 7 Michel Martin Drolling a neoclassic French painter, painter of history and portraitist.
Mar 8 Miguel Barragán a Mexican general and centralist politician. He served as Minister of War in the government of Antonio López de Santa Anna in 1833 and 1834, then as president of Mexico from 28 January 1835 to 27 February 1836
Mar 8 George Byron 7th Baron Byron a British naval officer, and the seventh Baron Byron, in 1824 succeeding his cousin the poet George Gordon Byron in that peerage. As a career naval officer, he was notable for being his predecessor's opposite in temperament and lifestyle
Mar 11 Carl Friedrich Bruch a German ornithologist. He was the younger brother of bryologist Philipp Bruch
Mar 16 Georg Ohm a German physicist and mathematician. As a school teacher, Ohm began his research with the new electrochemical cell, invented by Italian scientist Alessandro Volta. Using equipment of his own creation, Ohm found that there is a direct proportionality between the potential difference applied across a conductor and the resultant electric current. This relationship is known as Ohm's law
Mar 16 Francis Rawdon Chesney a British general and explorer.
Mar 26 Edward Bromhead a British landowner and mathematician best remembered as patron of the mathematician and physicist George Green.
Mar 30 Franz Sieber a botanist and collector who travelled to Europe, the Middle East, Southern Africa and Australia.
Apr 2 Lucio Norberto Mansilla an Argentine military man and politician. He was the first governor of the Entre Ríos Province and fought in the battle of Vuelta de Obligado
Apr 15 Albert (dancer) a French ballet dancer and ballet master, under the stage name Albert.
Apr 22 Manuel Gómez Pedraza a Mexican general and president of his country from 1832 to 1833.
Apr 26 Matthias Numsen Blytt a Norwegian botanist.
May 4 Alexandre Gendebien a lawyer in the United Kingdom of the Netherlands and later Belgium, where he also became minister of Justice.
May 20 Marcellin Champagnat born in Le Rosey, village of Marlhes, near Etienne , France. He was the founder of the Marist Brothers, a religious congregation of men in the Roman Catholic Church devoted to the Virgin Mary and dedicated to education
May 23 Franz Schlik an Earl and general in the Austrian Empire's army. He was one of the most successful Austrian generals during the Hungarian Revolution of 1848
May 28 Bernhard Severin Ingemann a Danish novelist and poet.
May 30 Fernando Serrano a Neogranadine statesman, lawyer, and officer who became Governor of the Province of Pamplona and wrote its Constitution in 1815. He also served as the last President of the United Provinces of the New Granada before its dissolution and complete Reconquista
Jun 4 Friedrich Boie a German scientist and brother of Heinrich Boie. He was born at Meldorf in Holstein and died at Kiel.in 1860 he was elected a Member of the German Academy of Sciences Leopoldina Boie was the author of Bemerkungen über Merrem's Versuch eines Systems der Amphibien. Also an ornithologist he wrote Auszüge aus dem "System der Ornithologie" Isis Oken 1844. Friedrich Boie was the author of several bird species and the hummingbird genus Glaucis, the swallow genus Progne, the cuckoo-shrike genus Minivet, the passerine genus Lipaugus, the owl genus Athene and among other genera the genus Chrysococcyx
Jun 15 Josiah Henson an author, abolitionist, and minister. Born into slavery in Charles County, Maryland, he escaped to Upper Canada in 1830, and founded a settlement and laborer's school for other fugitive slaves at Dawn, near Dresden in Kent County. Henson's autobiography, The Life of Josiah Henson, Formerly a Slave, Now an Inhabitant of Canada, as Narrated by Himself , is widely believed to have inspired the character of the fugitive slave, George Harris, in Harriet Beecher Stowe's Uncle Tom's Cabin , who returned to Kentucky for his wife and escaped across the Ohio River, eventually to Canada. Following the success of Stowe's novel, Henson issued an expanded version of his memoir in 1858, Truth Stranger Than Fiction. Father Henson's Story of His Own Life. Interest in his life continued, and nearly two decades later, his life story was updated and published as Uncle Tom's Story of His Life: An Autobiography of the Rev. Josiah Henson
Jun 15 Charles Joseph Hullmandel born in London, where he maintained a lithographic establishment in Great Marlborough Street from about 1819 until his death.
Jun 18 William Rowan a British Army officer. He served in the Peninsular War and then the Hundred Days, fighting at the Battle of Waterloo and taking part in an important charge led by Sir John Colborne against the Imperial Guard. He later assisted Colborne in Colborne's new role as Acting Governor General of British North America during the rebellions by the Patriote movement in 1837. Rowan returned to Canada as Commander-in-Chief, North America in which role he made an important conciliatory speech in response to the burning of the Parliament Buildings in Montreal by an angry mob in April 1849
Jun 18 John Carne a British traveller and author.
Jun 20 Johann Cornies a Mennonite German settler to the Russian Empire.
Jun 20 Friedrich Wilhelm Carové a German philosopher and publicist.
Jun 24 Silvio Pellico an Italian writer, poet, dramatist and patriot.
Jun 27 Friedrich Silcher a German composer, mainly known for his lieder , and an important folksong collector.
Jun 30 Horace Vernet a French painter of battles, portraits, and Orientalist Arab subjects.
Jul 3 Johann Friedrich Overbeck a German painter and member of the Nazarene movement. He also made four etchings
Jul 5 Faddey Bulgarin a Russian writer and journalist of Polish, Bulgarian and Albanian ancestry whose self-imposed mission was to popularize the authoritarian policies of Alexander I and Nicholas I.
Jul 6 María Isabella of Spain an Infanta of Spain and Queen of the Two Sicilies.
Jul 19 John Martin (painter) an English Romantic painter, engraver and illustrator.
Jul 20 Mahmud II the 30th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1808 until his death in 1839. He was born in the Topkapi Palace, Constantinople, the posthumous son of Sultan Abdulhamid His reign is notable mostly for the extensive administrative, military and fiscal reforms he instituted, which culminated into the Decree of Tanzimat that was carried out by his sons Abdülmecid I and Abdülaziz In 1826 he abolished the Janissary corps of 135,000 men and executed thousands of its leaders, thereby removing a major obstacle to army reform
Jul 21 Vasil Aprilov a Bulgarian educator. He studied in Moscow, graduated from a high school in Braşov and then pursued a medical degree in Vienna. After 1811 he was a merchant in Odessa. He initially participated in the Greek revolutionary movement, but later devoted himself to the Bulgarian Renaissance. He gathered Bulgarian folk songs. In his will he left a large amount of money for building the Aprilovska High School in Gabrovo. This was to be the first Bulgarian secular school using the Bell-Lancaster method. The emergence of this school gave a boost to Bulgarian education and soon other schools were opened all over the Bulgarian-populated regions of the Ottoman empire
Jul 25 Mikhail Zagoskin a Russian writer of social comedies and historical novels.
Aug 2 Heinrich von Brandt a Prussian general and military author.
Aug 6 Friedrich List a leading 19th-century German-American economist who developed the "National System" or what some would call today the National System of Innovation. He was a forefather of the German historical school of economics, and considered the original European unity theorist whose ideas were the basis for the European Economic Community
Aug 9 Nicolas-Charles Bochsa a musician and composer.
Aug 21 Augustin-Louis Cauchy reputed to be an early pioneer of analysis. He started the project of formulating and proving the theorems of calculus in a rigorous manner, rejecting the heuristic principle of the generality of algebra exploited by earlier authors. He almost singlehandedly founded complex analysis and initiated the study of permutation groups in abstract algebra. A profound mathematician, Cauchy exercised a great influence over his contemporaries and successors. His writings cover the entire range of mathematics and mathematical physics
Aug 22 Nikolai Khmelnitsky a Russian dramatist]], literary critic, translator, in 1812-1814 an army officer and state official. Khmelnitsky's chosen genre was the saloon comedy, and many prominent authors, Alexander Pushkin among them, valued him as an influential figure of the Russian literary scene of the 1820s