Died in 1789

Jan 1 Fletcher Norton 1st Baron Grantley an English politician.
Jan 8 Jack Broughton an English bare-knuckle boxer. He was the first person to ever codify a set of rules to be used in such contests; prior to this the "rules" that existed were very loosely defined and tended to vary from contest to contest. His seven rules of how boxing would be conducted at his amphitheatre evolved later into the London Prize Ring rules which are widely regarded as the foundation stone of the sport that would become boxing, prior to the development of the Marquess of Queensberry rules in the 1860s
Jan 17 Thomas Walter (botanist) a British-born American botanist. He is best known for his book Flora Caroliniana , an early yet fairly complete catalog of the flowering plants of South Carolina
Jan 21 Paul Erdmann Isert a German botanist. Isert was born in Angermünde/Brandenburg, but educated He was the first scientist to identify the bird Red Bishop Euplectes orix franciscana '. He is also known for his attempts to end the Danish-Norwegian slave trade
Jan 21 Baron d'Holbach a French-German author, philosopher, encyclopedist and a prominent figure in the French Enlightenment. He was born Paul Heinrich Dietrich in Edesheim, near Landau in the Rhenish Palatinate, but lived and worked mainly in Paris, where he kept a salon. He was well known for his atheism and for his voluminous writings against religion, the most famous of them being The System of Nature
Jan 23 Frances Brooke an English novelist, essayist, playwright and translator.
Jan 23 John Cleland an English novelist best known as the author of Fanny Hill: or, the Memoirs of a Woman of Pleasure.
Feb 2 Armand-Louis Couperin a French composer, organist, and harpsichordist of the late Baroque and early Classical periods. He was a member of the Couperin family of musicians, of which the most notable were his great uncle Louis and his cousin François
Feb 12 Ethan Allen a farmer; businessman; land speculator; philosopher; writer; and American Revolutionary War patriot, hero, and politician. He is best known as one of the founders of the U.S. state of Vermont, and for the capture of Fort Ticonderoga early in the American Revolutionary War along with Benedict Arnold
Feb 13 Paolo Renier a Venetian statesman, the 119th, and penultimate, Doge of Venice. He was considered a good orator and tactician, and served as ambassador to Constantinople and to Vienna. His election as Doge was unpopular, and he was the subject of numerous menacing letters at the time. Renier was succeeded as Doge by Ludovico Manin, who would be the last Doge of Venice. He married Giustina Dona in 1733, and Margherita Delmaz in 1751
Feb 19 Nicholas Van Dyke (governor) an American lawyer and politician from New Castle, in New Castle County, Delaware. He served in the Delaware General Assembly, as a Continental Congressman from Delaware, and as President of Delaware
Mar 29 Fatali Khan a ruler of Quba Khanate , prominent statesman of Azerbaijan of the 18th century. Gaining from his father Huseyngulu Khan a small fate consisting only Quba, Fatali Khan united all adjacent seaside territories around it, establishing an extensive possession which included Derbent, Baku and Shirvan khanates right up to Ardabil in the north of Persia. Ahmad bey Javanshir — author of the 19th century called him “a gatherer of his lands”
Apr 7 Petrus Camper a Dutch physician, anatomist, physiologist, midwife, zoologist, anthropologist, paleontologist and a naturalist. He studied the orangutan, the rhinoceros, and the skull of a mosasaur, which he believed was a whale. One of the first to interest himself in comparative anatomy and paleontology, he also invented the measure of the facial angle. Camper was not a dull professor in his library, becoming a celebrity in Europe and a member of the Royal Society. He was interested in architecture, mathematics, and made drawings for his lectures. He designed and made tools for his patients, always trying to be practical. Besides he was a sculptor, a patron of art and a conservative politician
Apr 7 Abdul Hamid I the 27th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire. He was the son of sultan Ahmed III and succeeded his brother Mustafa III on 21 January 1774. He was born in Constantinople. His mother was Râbi'a Sharmi Sultana
Apr 26 Petr Ivanovich Panin General Count Petr Ivanovich Panin , younger brother of Nikita Ivanovich Panin, fought with distinction in the Seven Years' War and in the Russo-Turkish War of 1768–1774, capturing Bender on September 26, 1770. In 1773–1775, he participated in suppressing Pugachev's rebellion. He died in Moscow, as the senior General of the Russian Army. He is the father of Nikita Petrovich Panin
May 5 Giuseppe Marc'Antonio Baretti an Italian-born English literary critic and author of two influential language-translation dictionaries. During his England years he was often known as Joseph Baretti. Baretti's life was marred by controversies
May 9 Giuseppe Bonito a Neapolitan painter of the Rococo period. Giuseppe Bonito is known for genre depictions on canvas. Many of Gaspare Traversi's paintings had previously been attributed to Bonito
May 9 Jean-Baptiste Vaquette de Gribeauval a French artillery officer and engineer who revolutionized French cannon, creating a new production system that allowed lighter, more uniform guns without sacrificing range. His Gribeauval system superseded the de Vallière system. These guns proved essential to French military victories during the Napoleonic wars. Gribeauval is credited as the earliest known advocate for interchangeability of gun parts. He is thus one of the principal influences on the later development of interchangeable manufacture
May 15 Jean-Baptiste Marie Pierre a French painter, draughtsman and administrator.
May 25 Anders Dahl a Swedish botanist and student of Carolus Linnaeus. The dahlia flower is named after him
Jun 4 Louis Joseph Dauphin of France the second child and elder son of King Louis XVI of France and Marie Antoinette. As the heir apparent to the French throne, he was called the twenty-sixth Dauphin of France—the hereditary "crown prince" title of the Capetian and Bourbon Monarchies as well as of medieval and early-modern France
Jun 7 Václav Jan Kopřiva a Bohemian composer and organist.
Jun 12 Jean-Étienne Liotard a Swiss-French painter, art connoisseur and dealer.
Jun 26 Semyon Desnitsky a disciple of Adam Smith who introduced his ideas to the Russian public. He was also the first academic to deliver his lectures in Russian language rather than in Latin
Jul 3 Jakob II Bernoulli younger brother of Johann III Bernoulli. Having finished his literary studies, he was, according to custom, sent to Neuchâtel to learn French. On his return, he graduated in law. This study, however, did not check his hereditary taste for geometry. The early lessons which he had received from his father were continued by his uncle Daniel, and such was his progress that at the age of twenty-one he was called to undertake the duties of the chair of experimental physics, which his uncle’s advanced years rendered him unable to discharge. He afterwards accepted the situation of secretary to count de Brenner, which afforded him an opportunity of seeing Germany and Italy. In Italy, he formed a friendship with Lorgna, professor of mathematics at Verona, and one of the founders of the Società Italiana for the encouragement of the sciences. He was also made corresponding member of the royal society of Turin; and, while residing at Venice, he was, through the friendly representation of Nicolaus von Fuss, admitted into the academy of St Petersburg. In 1788, he was named one of its mathematical professors
Jul 4 Cláudio Manuel da Costa a Brazilian poet and musician, considered to be the introducer of the Neoclassicism in Brazil. He wrote under the pen name Glauceste Satúrnio, and his most famous work is the epic poem Vila Rica, that tells the history of the homonymous city, nowadays called Ouro Preto
Jul 13 Victor de Riqueti marquis de Mirabeau a French economist of the Physiocratic school. He was the father of great Honoré, Comte de Mirabeau and is, in distinction, often referred to as the elder Mirabeau
Jul 14 Jacques de Flesselles a French public servant and one of the first victims of the French Revolution.
Jul 15 Jacques Duphly a French harpsichordist and composer.
Jul 16 Domenico Caracciolo diplomat and politician in the Kingdom of Naples.
Jul 30 Giovanna Bonanno an alleged Italian witch and professional poisoner.
Aug 7 William Edwards (architect) a Welsh Methodist minister who also practised as a stonemason, architect and bridge engineer.
Aug 22 Johann Heinrich Tischbein one of the most respected European painters in the 18th century and an important member of the Tischbein dynasty of German painters, which spanned four generations.
Sep 12 Franz Xaver Richter an Austro-Moravian singer, violinist, composer, conductor and music theoretician who spent most of his life first in Austria and later in Mannheim and in Strasbourg, where he was music director of the cathedral. From 1783 on Haydn’s favourite pupil Ignaz Pleyel was his deputy at the cathedral
Sep 23 John Rogers (Continental Congress) an American lawyer and judge from Upper Marlboro, Maryland. He was a delegate for Maryland to the Continental Congress in 1775 and 1776, and Maryland's Chancellor from 1778 until his death
Oct 17 Karl George Lebrecht Prince of Anhalt-Köthen a German prince of the House of Ascania and ruler of the principality of Anhalt-Köthen.
Oct 19 Sir Francis Samuel Drake 1st Baronet an officer of the Royal Navy. He served during the Seven Years' War and the American War of Independence, rising to the rank of Rear-admiral of the Red
Oct 27 John Cook (governor) an American planter and politician from Smyrna, in Kent County, Delaware. He served in the Delaware General Assembly and as Governor of Delaware
Nov 8 Giovanni Antonio Battarra an Italian priest, naturalist, and mycologist. In 1755, he published Fungorum Agri Ariminensis Historia, consisting of 80 pages and illustrated with 40 copper plates drawn and engraved by himself, in which he described 248 species of fungi
Nov 19 Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria (1738–1789) the second but eldest surviving daughter of Maria Theresa, Queen of Hungary and Bohemia, and Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor.
Dec 3 Claude Joseph Vernet a French painter. His son, Antoine Charles Horace Vernet, was also a painter
Dec 14 Étienne Jeaurat a French painter, above all remembered for his lively street scenes.
Dec 23 Charles-Michel de l'Épée a philanthropic educator of 18th-century France who has become known as the "Father of the Deaf".