1789 events in history

Jan 21 The first American novel, The Power of Sympathy or the Triumph of Nature Founded in Truth, is printed in Boston, Massachusetts
Jan 23 Georgetown College, the first Catholic University in the United States, is founded in Georgetown, Maryland (now a part of Washington, D.C.)
Feb 4 George Washington is unanimously elected as the first President of the United States by the U.S. Electoral College
Mar 4 In New York City, the first Congress of the United States meets, putting the United States Constitution into effect. The United States Bill of Rights is written and proposed to Congress
Apr 1 In New York City, the United States House of Representatives holds its first quorum and elects Frederick Muhlenberg of Pennsylvania as its first House Speaker
Apr 7 Selim III became Sultan of the Ottoman Empire and Caliph of Islam
Apr 20 President George Washington arrives in Philadelphia after his inauguration to elaborate welcome at Gray's Ferry just after noon first inauguration of George Washington
Apr 28 Mutiny on the Bounty: Lieutenant William Bligh and 18 sailors are set adrift and the rebel crew returns to Tahiti briefly and then sets sail for Pitcairn Island
Apr 30 On the balcony of Federal Hall on Wall Street in New York City, George Washington takes the oath of office to become the first elected President of the United States
May 5 In France, the Estates-General convenes for the first time since 1614
Jun 8 James Madison introduces twelve proposed amendments to the United States Constitution in the House of Representatives; by 1791, ten of them are ratified by the state legislatures and become the Bill of Rights; another is eventually ratified in 1992 to become the 27th Amendment
Jun 14 Mutiny on the Bounty: HMS Bounty mutiny survivors including Captain William Bligh and 18 others reach Timor after a nearly 7,400 km (4,600 mi) journey in an open boat
Jun 14 Whiskey distilled from maize is first produced by American clergyman the Rev Elijah Craig. It is named Bourbon because Rev Craig lived in Bourbon County, Kentucky
Jun 17 In France, the Third Estate declares itself the National Assembly
Jun 20 Deputies of the French Third Estate take the Tennis Court Oath
Jul 9 In Versailles, the National Assembly reconstitutes itself as the National Constituent Assembly and begins preparations for a French constitution
Jul 10 Alexander Mackenzie reaches the Mackenzie River delta
Jul 11 Jacques Necker is dismissed as France's Finance Minister sparking the Storming of the Bastille
Jul 12 French revolutionary and radical journalist Camille Desmoulins gave a speech in response to the dismissal of Jacques Necker France's finance minister the day before. The speech calls the citizens to arms and leads to the Storming of the Bastille two days later
Jul 14 French Revolution: Citizens of Paris storm the Bastille
Jul 14 Alexander Mackenzie finally completes his journey to the mouth of the great river he hoped would take him to the Pacific, but which turns out to flow into the Arctic Ocean. Later named after him, the Mackenzie is the second-longest river system in North America
Jul 15 Gilbert du Motier, marquis de Lafayette, is named by acclamation Colonel General of the new National Guard of Paris
Jul 27 The first U.S. federal government agency, the Department of Foreign Affairs, is established (it will be later renamed Department of State)
Aug 4 In France members of the National Constituent Assembly take an oath to end feudalism and abandon their privileges
Aug 7 The United States Department of War is established
Aug 26 The Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen is approved by the National Constituent Assembly of France
Aug 28 William Herschel discovers a new moon of Saturn: Enceladus
Sep 2 The United States Department of the Treasury is founded
Sep 11 Alexander Hamilton is appointed the first United States Secretary of the Treasury
Sep 15 The United States "Department of Foreign Affairs", established by law in July, is renamed the Department of State and given a variety of domestic duties
Sep 22 The office of United States Postmaster General is established
Sep 22 Battle of Rymnik establishes Alexander Suvorov as a pre-eminent Russian military commander after his allied army defeat superior Ottoman Empire forces
Sep 24 The United States Congress passes the Judiciary Act which creates the office of the United States Attorney General and the federal judiciary system, and orders the composition of the Supreme Court of the United States
Sep 25 The United States Congress passes twelve amendments to the United States Constitution: the Congressional Apportionment Amendment (which was never ratified), the Congressional Compensation Amendment, and the ten that are known as the Bill of Rights
Sep 26 Thomas Jefferson is appointed the first United States Secretary of State, John Jay is appointed the first Chief Justice of the United States, Samuel Osgood is appointed the first United States Postmaster General, and Edmund Randolph is appointed the first United States Attorney General
Sep 29 The United States Department of War first establishes a regular army with a strength of several hundred men
Sep 29 The 1st United States Congress adjourns
Oct 2 George Washington sends proposed Constitutional amendments (The United States Bill of Rights) to the States for ratification
Oct 3 George Washington makes the first Thanksgiving Day designated by the national government of the United States of America
Oct 5 French Revolution: Women of Paris march to Versailles in the March on Versailles to confront Louis XVI of France about his refusal to promulgate the decrees on the abolition of feudalism, demand bread, and have the King and his court moved to Paris
Oct 6 French Revolution: Louis XVI returns to Paris from Versailles after being confronted by the Parisian women on 5 October
Oct 19 Chief Justice John Jay is sworn in as the first Chief Justice of the United States
Nov 6 Pope Pius VI appoints Father John Carroll as the first Catholic bishop in the United States
Nov 20 New Jersey becomes the first U.S. state to ratify the Bill of Rights
Nov 21 North Carolina ratifies the United States Constitution and is admitted as the 12th U.S. state
Nov 26 A national Thanksgiving Day is observed in the United States as proclaimed by President George Washington at the request of Congress
Dec 11 The University of North Carolina is chartered by the North Carolina General Assembly