Born in 1792

Jan 7 Enrico Marconi an Italian architect who spent most of his life in Congress Poland.
Jan 8 Lowell Mason a leading figure in American church music, the composer of over 1600 hymn tunes, many of which are often sung today. His most well-known tunes include his arrangement of "Joy to the World" and "Bethany", his setting of the hymn, "Nearer, My God, to Thee". He was largely responsible for introducing music into American public schools, and is considered to be the first important music educator in the United States. In the last part of his career, as music director of the Fifth Avenue Presbyterian Church in New York City, he radically transformed American church music from a practice of having professional choirs and accompaniment to congregational singing accompanied by organ music
Jan 12 Johan August Arfwedson a Swedish chemist who discovered the chemical element lithium in 1817 by isolating it as a salt.
Jan 14 Christian Julius de Meza the commander of the Danish army during the 1864 Second Schleswig War. De Meza was responsible for the withdrawal of the Danish army from the Danevirke, an event which shocked the Danish public and resulted in the loss of his command
Jan 16 Duke Adam of Württemberg a Duke of Württemberg and General in Russian and Polish-Russian service.
Jan 18 Gustav Bischof a German chemist, born in Nuremberg, Bavaria. He died in Bonn
Jan 24 Friedrich Wilhelm Count Brandenburg a German soldier and politician. He was the son of King Frederick William II of Prussia and Countess Sophie von Dönhoff. He and his sister were made count and countess in 1794, and he was raised with the sons of Field Marshal von Massow. In 1807, he entered the regiment Gardes du Corps. By 1848, he had distinguished himself in several battles and was a cavalry general. In November 1848, the king called him to Berlin to be Prussian prime minister, signaling the king's intention to quell the ongoing uprising. In 1850, he traveled to Warsaw to meet with Czar Nicholas. Shortly after his return, he took ill and died, it is said from the humiliation of the Czar's abandonment of the Erfurt policy
Feb 8 Caroline Augusta of Bavaria a daughter of Maximilian I Joseph, King of Bavaria and his wife, Augusta Wilhelmine of Hesse-Darmstadt , and a member of the House of Wittelsbach. She was married to Crown Prince William of Württemberg, whom she divorced, and to Francis II, Holy Roman Emperor. From 1816–1835, she was Empress of Austria in her second marriage
Feb 9 Thomas Cooke (bishop) a Canadian Roman Catholic priest, missionary, and the first Bishop of Trois Rivières from 1852 to 1870.
Feb 12 Ferdinand de Braekeleer the Elder a Flemish painter. He is known for his historical paintings and is called 'the Elder' to distinguish him from his son with the same name , who was also a painter
Feb 15 Floride Calhoun the wife of prominent U.S. politician John Calhoun.
Feb 16 Gregory Yakhimovich the Metropolitan Archbishop of the Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church, and also a leading figure in the Ukrainian National Revival, from 1860 until his death in 1863.
Feb 17 Karl Ernst von Baer an Estonian scientist and explorer. Baer is also known in Russia as Karl Maksimovich Baer
Feb 20 Eliza Courtney the illegitimate daughter of the Whig politician and future Prime Minister Charles Grey and the society beauty Georgiana, Duchess of Devonshire, while Georgiana was married to William Cavendish, 5th Duke of Devonshire.
Feb 22 Roderick Murchison a Scottish geologist who first described and investigated the Silurian system.
Feb 23 José Joaquín de Herrera a moderate Mexican politician who served as president of Mexico three times , as well as a general in the Mexican Army during the Mexican-American War.
Feb 25 Johann Georg Christian Lehmann a German botanist.
Mar 1 Rudecindo Alvarado an Argentine general. He fought in the military campaigns of Manuel Belgrano, and in the Army of the Andes. He was governor of Mendoza. He left the country during the rule of Juan Manuel de Rosas, and returned in 1852 after Rosas' defeat at the battle of Caseros
Mar 4 Samuel Slocum an American inventor from Poughkeepsie, New York. He was born in Jamestown, RI, son of Peleg Slocum and Anne Dyer Slocum. He was raised in Usquepaugh, RI, a village in South Kingstown, RI, where a William Lockwood sometime after 1772, first invented the common pin with a head, to keep it from slipping through cloth. Samuel was the 6th of 8 children. He worked as a carpenter before he decided to move to London and become a pin maker. He married Susan Stanton Slocum in 1817 at Richmond, RI, and had three children, Samuel Dyer Slocum, Mary Slocum, and John Stanton Slocum
Mar 7 John Herschel an English polymath, mathematician, astronomer, chemist, inventor, and experimental photographer, who in some years also did valuable botanical work. He was the son of Mary Baldwin and astronomer William Herschel and the father of twelve children
Mar 13 Karl Friedrich Wilhelm Wallroth a German botanist. His name is abbreviated Wallr. as a taxon authority
Mar 19 José María Carreño a Venezuelan politician and military, Vice-president in the government of José María Vargas, and provisional President of Venezuela as interim caretaker in 1837. Jose Maria Carreño lent his shirt to Simón Bolívar, right after his death. There is little information about Carreño Blanco
Apr 2 Francisco de Paula Santander a Colombian military and political leader during the 1810–1819 independence war of the United Provinces of New Granada. He was the acting President of Gran Colombia between 1819 and 1826, and later elected by Congress as the President of the Republic of New Granada between 1832 and 1837. Santander came to be known as "The Man of the Laws"
Apr 4 Thaddeus Stevens a member of the United States House of Representatives from Pennsylvania and one of the leaders of the Radical Republican faction of the Republican Party during the 1860s. A fierce opponent of slavery and discrimination against African-Americans, Stevens sought to secure their rights during Reconstruction, in opposition to President Andrew Johnson. As chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee during the American Civil War, he played a major part in the war's financing
Apr 4 Thomas John Hussey an English clergyman and astronomer.
Apr 8 Girolamo Ramorino born in Genoa, in northern Italy.
Apr 12 John Lambton 1st Earl of Durham a British Whig statesman, colonial administrator, Governor General and high commissioner of British North America.
Apr 15 Anastasio Aquino a Salvadoran indigenous leader who led the Insurrection of the Nonualcos, a campesino uprising in El Salvador during the time it belonged to the Federal Republic of Central America.
Apr 22 Uriah P. Levy a naval officer, real estate investor, and philanthropist. He was a veteran of the War of 1812 and the first Jewish Commodore of the United States Navy. He was instrumental in helping to end the Navy's practice of flogging, and during his half-century-long service prevailed against the antisemitism he faced among some of his fellow naval officers
Apr 23 Thomas Romney Robinson Rev. John Thomas Romney Robinson , usually referred to as Thomas Romney Robinson, was a 19th-century astronomer and physicist. He was the longtime director of the Armagh Astronomical Observatory, one of the chief astronomical observatories in the UK of its time
Apr 25 John Keble an English churchman and poet, one of the leaders of the Oxford Movement. Keble College, Oxford was named after him
May 6 Martin Ohm a German mathematician and a younger brother of physicist Georg Ohm.
May 13 Pope Pius IX born Giovanni Maria Mastai-Ferretti, reigned from 16 June 1846 to his death in 1878. He was the longest-reigning elected pope in the history of the Catholic Church — over 31 years. During his pontificate, he convened the First Vatican Council , which decreed papal infallibility, but the council was cut short due to the loss of the Papal States
May 15 James Mayer de Rothschild a German-French banker and the original founder of the French branch of the Rothschild family.
May 21 Gaspard-Gustave Coriolis a French mathematician, mechanical engineer and scientist. He is best known for his work on the supplementary forces that are detected in a rotating frame of reference. See the Coriolis Effect. Coriolis was the first to coin the term "work" for the transfer of energy by a force acting through a distance
May 30 Prince Bernhard of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach (1792–1862) a distinguished soldier, who, in 1815, after the congress of Vienna, became colonel of a regiment in the service of the king of the Netherlands. He fought at the Battle of Quatre Bras and the Battle of Waterloo where he commanded the 2nd Brigade of the 2nd Dutch Division and became a Chief Commander of the Royal Netherlands East Indies Army
Jun 1 Sir James Graham 2nd Baronet a British statesman. He was descended from a family long famous in the history of the English border. He was the eldest son of Sir James Graham, 1st Baronet, by Lady Catherine, eldest daughter of the 7th Earl of Galloway. In 1819, he married Fanny Callender, youngest daughter of James Campbell, of Ardkinglas. Sir James was created LL.D. at Cambridge in 1835, was Lord Rector of the University of Glasgow, 1840. He was First Lord of the Admiralty from 1830 to 1834 when he resigned on account of the government pressing for a reform of the Irish Church. He became Secretary of the Home Department from September 1841 to July 1846 and again First Lord of the Admiralty from December 1852 until February 1855. He was a member of the Council of the Duchy of Lancaster, and Deputy Lieutenant for county of Hertfordshire. He represented Hull from 1818 to 1820; for St Ives in 1820; for Carlisle from 1826 until 1829; for East Cumberland from 1830 until 1837; for Pembrokeshire District from 1838 until 1841; for Dorchester from 1841 until 1847; for Ripon from 1847 until July 1852; and was again returned for Carlisle from 1852 until his death in 1861. Graham Land in Antarctica is named after him
Jun 9 Peter Andreivich Dannenberg a Russian general, particularly notable for his command during the Crimean War.
Jun 15 Thomas Mitchell (explorer) born at Grangemouth in Stirlingshire, Scotland. In 1827 he took up an appointment as Assistant Surveyor General of New South Wales. The following year he became Surveyor General and remained in this position until his death. Mitchell was knighted in 1839 for his contribution to the surveying of Australia
Jun 16 John Linnell (painter) an English landscape and portrait painter and engraver. Linnell was a naturalist and a rival to John Constable. He had a taste for Northern European art of the Renaissance, particularly Albrecht Dürer. He also associated with William Blake, to whom he introduced Samuel Palmer and others of the Ancients
Jun 19 Gustav Schwab a German writer, pastor and publisher.
Jun 21 Ferdinand Christian Baur a German Protestant theologian and founder and leader of the Tübingen School of theology. Following Hegel's theory of dialectic, Baur argued that second century Christianity represented the synthesis of two opposing theses: Jewish Christianity and Gentile Christianity. This and the rest of Baur's work had a profound impact upon higher criticism of biblical and related texts
Jun 22 James Beaumont Neilson a Scottish inventor whose hot-blast process greatly increased the efficiency of smelting iron.
Jun 26 Christian Albrecht Jensen a Danish portrait painter who was active during the Golden Age of Danish Painting in the first half of the 19th century. Painting more than 400 portraits over the course of his career, he depicted most of the leading figures of the Danish Golden Age, including the writer Hans Christian Andersen, the painter Christoffer Wilhelm Eckersberg, the sculptor Bertel Thorvaldsen, the physicist Hans Christian Ørsted and the theologian F. Grundtvig
Jul 8 Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen a queen consort of Bavaria. She was a daughter of Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Altenburg, and Duchess Charlotte Georgine of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, eldest daughter of Charles II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Jul 8 Joseph Bates (Adventist) an American seaman and revivalist minister. He was the founder and developer of Sabbatarian Adventism, a strain of religious thinking that evolved into the Seventh-day Adventist Church. Bates is also credited with convincing James White and Ellen White of the validity of the seventh-day Sabbath
Jul 10 John FitzGibbon 2nd Earl of Clare the son of John FitzGibbon, 1st Earl of Clare and his wife, Anne. He succeeded to the titles of Baron FitzGibbon in the Peerage of Great Britain and Earl of Clare in the Irish Peerage in 1802
Jul 10 Frederick Marryat a British Royal Navy officer, novelist, and an acquaintance of Charles Dickens, noted today as an early pioneer of the sea story. He is now known particularly for the semi-autobiographical novel Mr Midshipman Easy and his children's novel The Children of the New Forest, and for a widely used system of maritime flag signalling, known as Marryat's Code
Jul 10 George M. Dallas a U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania and the 11th Vice President of the United States , serving under President James Polk. Dallas also served as the Mayor of Philadelphia from 1828–1829
Jul 11 Heinrich Emanuel Grabowski a German botanist and pharmacist of Polish heritage. He was a native of Leobschütz