1793 in history

1793 events chronologically

Jan 9 Jean-Pierre Blanchard becomes the first person to fly in a balloon in the United States
Jan 13 Nicolas Jean Hugon de Bassville, representative of Revolutionary France, lynched by a mob in Rome
Jan 21 After being found guilty of treason by the French Convention, Louis XVI of France is executed by guillotine
Jan 23 Second Partition of Poland
Feb 1 French Revolutionary Wars: France declares war on the United Kingdom and the Netherlands
Mar 18 The first republic in Germany, the Republic of Mainz, is declared by Andreas Joseph Hofmann
Apr 6 During the French Revolution, the Committee of Public Safety becomes the executive organ of the republic

Top 7 most famous people born in 1793

Feb 19 Sidney Rigdon a leader during the early history of the Latter Day Saint movement.
Mar 2 Sam Houston an American politician and soldier, best known for his role in bringing Texas into the United States as a constituent state. His victory at the Battle of San Jacinto secured the independence of Texas from Mexico. The only American to be elected governor of two different States , he was also the only Southern governor to oppose secession and to refuse an oath of allegiance to the Confederacy, a decision that led to his removal from office by the Texas secession convention
Mar 30 Juan Manuel de Rosas a politician, army officer and caudillo who ruled Buenos Aires Province and briefly the Argentine Confederation. Although born into a wealthy family, Rosas worked hard and independently amassed a personal fortune, acquiring huge grants of lands in the process. As was common in his era, Rosas formed a private militia, enlisting his workers, and took part in the factious disputes that had led to endless civil wars in his country. Victorious in warfare, and having acquired influence, vast landholdings and a private army loyal exclusively to himself, Rosas became the quintessential caudillo, as provincial warlords in the region were known. He eventually reached the rank of brigadier general, the highest in the Argentine army, and became the indisputable leader of the Federalist Party
Apr 15 Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve a German astronomer from a famous dynasty.
Apr 19 Ferdinand I of Austria Emperor of Austria, President of the German Confederation, King of Hungary and Bohemia , as well as associated dominions from the death of his father on 2 March 1835, until his abdication after the Revolutions of 1848.
Jul 14 George Green a British mathematical physicist who wrote An Essay on the Application of Mathematical Analysis to the Theories of Electricity and Magnetism. The essay introduced several important concepts, among them a theorem similar to the modern Green's theorem, the idea of potential functions as currently used in physics, and the concept of what are now called Green's functions. Green was the first person to create a mathematical theory of electricity and magnetism and his theory formed the foundation for the work of other scientists such as James Clerk Maxwell, William Thomson, and others. His work on potential theory ran parallel to that of Carl Friedrich Gauss
Nov 3 Stephen F. Austin an American empresario born in Virginia and raised in southeastern Missouri. Known as the Father of Texas, he led the second, and ultimately successful, colonization of the region by bringing 300 families from the United States. The capital of Texas, Austin in Travis County, Austin County, Austin Bayou, Stephen Austin State University in Nacogdoches, Austin College in Sherman, and a number of K-12 schools are named in his honor

Top 7 most famous people died in 1793

Jan 21 Louis XVI of France King of France and Navarre from 1774 until 1791, after which he was subsequently King of the French from 1791 to 1792, before his deposition and execution during the French Revolution. His father, Louis, Dauphin of France, was the son and heir apparent of Louis XV of France. As a result of the Dauphin's death in 1765, Louis succeeded his grandfather in 1774
Feb 6 Carlo Goldoni an Italian playwright and librettist from the Republic of Venice. His works include some of Italy's most famous and best-loved plays. Audiences have admired the plays of Goldoni for their ingenious mix of wit and honesty. His plays offered his contemporaries images of themselves, often dramatizing the lives, values, and conflicts of the emerging middle classes. Though he wrote in French and Italian, his plays make rich use of the Venetian language, regional vernacular, and colloquialisms. Goldoni also wrote under the pen name and title "Polisseno Fegeio, Pastor Arcade," which he claimed in his memoirs the "Arcadians of Rome" bestowed on him
Jul 13 Jean-Paul Marat a physician, political theorist and scientist best known for his career in France as a radical journalist and politician during the French Revolution. His journalism became renowned for its fierce tone, uncompromising stance toward the new leaders and institutions of the revolution, and advocacy of basic human rights for the poorest members of society
Oct 8 John Hancock a merchant, smuggler, statesman, and prominent Patriot of the American Revolution. He served as president of the Second Continental Congress and was the first and third Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. He is remembered for his large and stylish signature on the United States Declaration of Independence, drawn so that King George III would be able to read the Hancock name; so much so that the term "John Hancock" has become, in the United States, a synonym for a signature
Oct 16 Marie Antoinette Dauphine of France from 1770 to 1774 and Queen of France and Navarre from 1774 to 1792. She was the fifteenth and penultimate child of Holy Roman Empress Maria Theresa and Emperor Francis I
Nov 3 Olympe de Gouges a French playwright and political activist whose feminist and abolitionist writings reached a large audience.
Dec 8 Madame du Barry the last Maîtresse-en-titre of Louis XV of France and one of the victims of the Reign of Terror during the French Revolution.