Born in 1793

Jan 1 Gerald Fitzgibbon (author) an Irish lawyer and author. He founded a notable Irish legal dynasty: his son and grandson, both also named Gerald FitzGibbon, were judges of great eminence
Jan 3 Lucretia Mott an American Quaker, abolitionist, a women's rights activist, and a social reformer.
Jan 5 Harvey Putnam an American lawyer and politician. He was a Whig member of the U.S. House of Representatives, and served in the New York Senate
Jan 6 James Madison Porter the 18th United States Secretary of War and a founder of Lafayette College.
Jan 8 Ludwig Reichenbach a German botanist and ornithologist.
Jan 14 John C. Clark a United States Representative from New York.
Jan 15 Ferdinand Georg Waldmüller an Austrian painter and writer. Waldmüller was one of the most important Austrian painters of the Biedermeier period
Jan 17 Antonio José Martínez a New Mexican priest, educator, publisher, rancher, farmer, community leader, and politician. He lived through and influenced three distinct periods of New Mexico's history: the Spanish period, the Mexican period, and the American occupation and subsequent territorial period. Martínez appears as a character in Willa Cather's Death Comes for the Archbishop
Jan 19 Karl Wilhelm Göttling a German philologist and classical scholar.
Jan 28 Jacques Collin de Plancy a French occultist, demonologist and writer; he published several works on occultism and demonology.
Feb 2 William Hopkins an English mathematician and geologist. He is famous as a private tutor of aspiring undergraduate Cambridge mathematicians, earning him the sobriquet the senior-wrangler maker
Feb 12 Richard Cunningham (botanist) an English botanist who became Colonial Botanist of New South Wales and superintendent of the Sydney Botanic Gardens.
Feb 13 Philipp Veit a German Romantic painter. To Veit is due the credit of having been the first to revive the almost forgotten technique of fresco painting
Feb 14 Karl Christian Ulmann a Baltic German theologian.
Feb 19 Sidney Rigdon a leader during the early history of the Latter Day Saint movement.
Feb 22 Friedrich Harkort an early prominent German industrialist and pioneer of industrial development in the Ruhr region.
Feb 22 Isaak Markus Jost a Jewish historical writer.
Feb 27 Baldomero Espartero Prince of Vergara a Spanish general and political figure. He was associated with the radical wing of Spanish liberalism and would become their symbol and champion after taking credit for the victory over the Carlists in 1839. His noble titles, Duke of La Victoria were granted by Isabella II to him as a result. The title Prince of Vergara was granted to him by King Amadeo of Spain in 1870
Mar 2 Sam Houston an American politician and soldier, best known for his role in bringing Texas into the United States as a constituent state. His victory at the Battle of San Jacinto secured the independence of Texas from Mexico. The only American to be elected governor of two different States , he was also the only Southern governor to oppose secession and to refuse an oath of allegiance to the Confederacy, a decision that led to his removal from office by the Texas secession convention
Mar 3 William Macready an English actor.
Mar 4 Karl Lachmann a German philologist and critic. He is particularly noted for his foundational contributions to the field of textual criticism
Mar 6 Bernhard Klein a German composer.
Mar 7 Eduard von Bonin a Prussian general officer who served as Prussian Minister of War from 1852–54 and 1858-59.
Mar 8 Pierre François Olive Rayer a French physician who was a native of Saint Sylvain. He made important contributions in the fields of pathological anatomy, physiology, comparative pathology and parasitology
Mar 21 John Goldie (botanist) a Scottish-born botanist and author. He is credited with recording the existence of fourteen plant species previously unknown to science
Mar 23 Johann Baptist Jenger an Austrian composer, musician, secretary of the Steiermärkischen Musikvereins and member of the board of the Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde in Vienna.
Mar 28 Henry Schoolcraft an American geographer, geologist, and ethnologist, noted for his early studies of Native American cultures, as well as for his 1832 expedition to the source of the Mississippi River. He is also noted for his major six-volume study of American Indians in the 1850s
Mar 30 Juan Manuel de Rosas a politician, army officer and caudillo who ruled Buenos Aires Province and briefly the Argentine Confederation. Although born into a wealthy family, Rosas worked hard and independently amassed a personal fortune, acquiring huge grants of lands in the process. As was common in his era, Rosas formed a private militia, enlisting his workers, and took part in the factious disputes that had led to endless civil wars in his country. Victorious in warfare, and having acquired influence, vast landholdings and a private army loyal exclusively to himself, Rosas became the quintessential caudillo, as provincial warlords in the region were known. He eventually reached the rank of brigadier general, the highest in the Argentine army, and became the indisputable leader of the Federalist Party
Apr 4 Casimir Delavigne a French poet and dramatist.
Apr 5 Felix de Muelenaere a Belgian Roman Catholic politician.
Apr 8 Karl Ludwig Hencke a German amateur astronomer. He is sometimes confused with Johann Franz Encke, another German astronomer
Apr 15 Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve a German astronomer from a famous dynasty.
Apr 19 Ferdinand I of Austria Emperor of Austria, President of the German Confederation, King of Hungary and Bohemia , as well as associated dominions from the death of his father on 2 March 1835, until his abdication after the Revolutions of 1848.
Apr 26 Nicolas Anne Théodule Changarnier born at Autun, Saône-et-Loire.
May 15 Friedrich Wilhelm Rembert von Berg a Russian Field Marshal, and the Governor-General of Finland from 1855 to 1861.
May 21 Charles Paul de Kock a French novelist.
May 24 Nicolai Anders von Hartwiss a Livonian-born Russian botanist, plant explorer and plant breeder.
May 31 Charles Blacker Vignoles an influential British railway engineer, and eponym of the Vignoles rail.
Jun 3 Antoni Malczewski an influential Polish romantic poet, known for his only work, "a narrative poem of dire pessimism", Maria.
Jun 16 Diego Portales a Chilean statesman and entrepreneur. As a minister of president José Joaquín Prieto Diego Portales played a pivotal role in shaping the state and government politics in the 19th century, delivering with the Constitution of 1833 the framework of the Chilean state for almost a century. Portales influential political stance included unitarianism, presidentialism and conservatism which led to consolidate Chile as a constitutional authoritarian republic with democracy restricted to include only upper class men
Jun 20 Aleksander Fredro a Polish poet, playwright and author active during Polish Romanticism in the period of partitions by neighboring empires. His works including plays written in the octosyllabic verse and in prose as well as fables, belong to the canon of Polish literature. Fredro was harshly criticized by some of his contemporaries for light-hearted humor or even the alleged immorality which led to years of his literary silence. Many of Fredro's dozens of plays were published and popularized only after his death. His best-known works have been translated into English, French, German, Russian, Czech, Romanian, Hungarian and Slovak
Jun 22 Tokugawa Ieyoshi the 12th shogun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan.
Jun 28 Georg Friedrich Schömann a German classical scholar of Swedish heritage.
Jun 29 Josef Ressel an a German Bohemian forester and inventor who designed one of the first working ship's propellers.
Jul 4 Friedrich Bleek a Biblical scholar.
Jul 5 Pavel Pestel a Russian revolutionary and ideologue of the Decembrists.
Jul 10 Philip Barker-Webb an English botanist.
Jul 13 John Clare an English poet, the son of a farm labourer, who came to be known for his celebratory representations of the English countryside and his lamentation of its disruption. His poetry underwent a major re-evaluation in the late 20th century, and he is now often considered to be among the most important 19th-century poets. His biographer Jonathan Bate states that Clare was "the greatest labouring-class poet that England has ever produced. No one has ever written more powerfully of nature, of a rural childhood, and of the alienated and unstable self"
Jul 14 George Green a British mathematical physicist who wrote An Essay on the Application of Mathematical Analysis to the Theories of Electricity and Magnetism. The essay introduced several important concepts, among them a theorem similar to the modern Green's theorem, the idea of potential functions as currently used in physics, and the concept of what are now called Green's functions. Green was the first person to create a mathematical theory of electricity and magnetism and his theory formed the foundation for the work of other scientists such as James Clerk Maxwell, William Thomson, and others. His work on potential theory ran parallel to that of Carl Friedrich Gauss
Jul 29 Ján Kollár a Slovak writer , archaeologist, scientist, politician, and main ideologist of Pan-Slavism.