1794 in history

1794 events chronologically

Feb 4 The French legislature abolishes slavery throughout all territories of the French Republic. It will be reestablished in the French West Indies in 1802
Feb 11 First session of United States Senate opens to the public
Feb 26 The first Christiansborg Palace in Copenhagen burns down
Mar 4 The 11th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution is passed by the U.S. Congress
Mar 14 Eli Whitney is granted a patent for the cotton gin
Mar 27 Denmark and Sweden form a neutrality compact
Mar 27 The United States Government establishes a permanent navy and authorizes the building of six frigates

Top 7 most famous people born in 1794

Feb 21 Antonio López de Santa Anna a Mexican politician and general who greatly influenced early Mexican politics and government. Santa Anna first opposed the movement for Mexican independence from Spain, but then fought in support of Though not the first caudillo of modern Mexico, he was among the earliest
Apr 10 Matthew C. Perry a Commodore of the U.S. Navy and commanded a number of ships. He served in several wars, most notably in the Mexican-American War and the War of 1812. He played a leading role in the opening of Japan to the West with the Convention of Kanagawa in 1854. Perry was very concerned with the education of naval officers and helped develop an apprentice system that helped establish the curriculum at the United States Naval Academy. With the advent of the steam engine, he became a leading advocate of modernizing the U.S. Navy and came to be considered The Father of the Steam Navy in the US
Apr 11 Edward Everett an American politician, pastor, educator, diplomat, and orator from Massachusetts. Everett, a Whig, served as U.S. Representative, U.S. Senator, the 15th Governor of Massachusetts, Minister to Great Britain, and United States Secretary of State. He also taught at Harvard University and served as its president
May 23 Ignaz Moscheles a Bohemian composer and piano virtuoso, whose career after his early years was based initially in London, and later at Leipzig, where he succeeded his friend and sometime pupil Felix Mendelssohn as head of the Conservatoire.
May 24 William Whewell an English polymath, scientist, Anglican priest, philosopher, theologian, and historian of science. He was Master of Trinity College, Cambridge. In his time as a student there, he achieved distinction in both poetry and mathematics
May 27 Cornelius Vanderbilt an American business magnate and philanthropist who built his wealth in railroads and shipping. He was also the patriarch of the Vanderbilt family and one of the richest Americans in history. He provided the initial gift to found Vanderbilt University, which is named in his honor
Nov 3 William Cullen Bryant an American romantic poet, journalist, and long-time editor of the New York Evening Post.

Top 7 most famous people died in 1794

Jan 10 Georg Forster a naturalist, ethnologist, travel writer, journalist, and revolutionary. At an early age, he accompanied his father on several scientific expeditions, including James Cook's second voyage to the Pacific. His report from that journey, A Voyage Round the World, contributed significantly to the ethnology of the people of Polynesia and remains a respected work. As a result of the report Forster was admitted to the Royal Society at the early age of twenty-two and came to be considered one of the founders of modern scientific travel literature
Jan 16 Edward Gibbon an English historian and Member of Parliament. His most important work, The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, was published in six volumes between 1776 and 1788. The Decline and Fall is known for the quality and irony of its prose, its use of primary sources, and its open criticism of organised religion
Mar 28 Marquis de Condorcet a French philosopher, mathematician, and early political scientist whose Condorcet method in voting tally selects the candidate who would beat each of the other candidates in a run-off election. Unlike many of his contemporaries, he advocated a liberal economy, free and equal public education, constitutionalism, and equal rights for women and people of all races. His ideas and writings were said to embody the ideals of the Age of Enlightenment and rationalism, and remain influential to this day. He died a mysterious death in prison after a period of flight from French Revolutionary authorities
Apr 5 Georges Danton a leading figure in the early stages of the French Revolution and the first President of the Committee of Public Safety. Danton's role in the onset of the Revolution has been disputed; many historians describe him as "the chief force in the overthrow of the monarchy and the establishment of the First French Republic". A moderating influence on the Jacobins, he was guillotined by the advocates of revolutionary terror after accusations of venality and leniency to the enemies of the Revolution
May 8 Antoine Lavoisier a French nobleman and chemist central to the 18th-century Chemical Revolution and a large influence on both the histories of chemistry and biology. He is widely considered to be the "Father of Modern Chemistry."
Jul 28 Maximilien de Robespierre a French lawyer and politician, and one of the best-known and most influential of the radical Jacobin faction of the French Revolution that was responsible for the Reign of Terror in 1794.
Jul 28 Louis Antoine de Saint-Just a military and political leader during the French Revolution. The youngest of the deputies elected to the National Convention in 1792, Saint-Just rose quickly in their ranks and became a major leader of the government of the French First Republic. He spearheaded the movement to execute King Louis XVI and later drafted the radical French Constitution of 1793