Born in 1794

Jan 3 Joseph Lebeau a Belgian liberal politician and statesman, the second Prime Minister.
Jan 7 Heinrich Wilhelm Schott an Austrian botanist well known for his extensive work on aroids.
Jan 7 Eilhard Mitscherlich perhaps best remembered today for his law of isomorphism , which states that compounds crystallizing together probably have similar structures and compositions. This relationship was used by Berzelius in early attempts to assign relative masses to the elements
Jan 9 Jacques-François Ancelot a French dramatist and litterateur.
Jan 12 Franz Hauser a singer, voice teacher, and music manuscript collector.
Jan 14 Valentín Canalizo a Mexican President, state governor, city mayor, army general, defense minister and conservative politician. He is as yet the only Mexican President from the city of Monterrey. He was a supporter of a centralist national government, and a confidante of President of Mexico General Antonio López de Santa Anna. Canalizo was President of Mexico two times, for a total of about one year in 1843 and 1844, during the complex Mexican historical times after the one decade-long Mexican War of Independence and before the Mexican-American War. Valentín Canalizo had previously been the Mayor of Mexico City, after being Governor of Puebla state, and years before, Mayor of the city of Cuernavaca
Jan 23 Eduard Friedrich Eversmann a biologist and explorer.
Jan 25 Elias Durand an American pharmacist and botanist.:76. He was born in France
Jan 25 Garcin de Tassy a French orientalist.
Jan 25 François-Vincent Raspail a French chemist, naturalist, physician, physiologist, attorney, and socialist politician.
Jan 28 Princess Louise of Saxe-Hildburghausen a member of the House of Saxe-Hildburghausen and a Princess of Saxe-Hildburghausen by birth. Through her marriage to William, Duke of Nassau, Louise was also a member of the House of Nassau-Weilburg and Duchess consort of Nassau. Louise was briefly Princess consort of Nassau-Weilburg in 1816
Feb 2 Étienne Arnal a French comic actor.
Feb 11 Gustav Friedrich Waagen a German art historian. In the light of later research his writings are not of much value as regards trustworthy criticism, though they are useful as catalogues of art treasures in private collections at the time when they were compiled. His opinions were greatly respected in England, where he was invited to give evidence before the royal commission inquiring into the condition and future of the National Gallery, for which he was a leading candidate to become director. He died on a visit to Copenhagen in 1868
Feb 12 Alexander Petrov (chess player) a Russian chess player, chess composer, and chess writer.
Feb 14 Frank Abney Hastings a British naval officer and Philhellene.
Feb 17 Carl Borivoj Presl a Bohemian botanist.
Feb 20 William Carleton an Irish writer and novelist. He is best known for his Traits and Stories of the Irish Peasantry a collection of ethnic sketches of the stereotypical Irishman
Feb 21 Karl Christian Traugott Friedemann Goebel a German pharmacist and chemist.
Feb 21 Antonio López de Santa Anna a Mexican politician and general who greatly influenced early Mexican politics and government. Santa Anna first opposed the movement for Mexican independence from Spain, but then fought in support of Though not the first caudillo of modern Mexico, he was among the earliest
Feb 24 María Manuela Kirkpatrick the mother of Eugénie, Empress of the French.
Feb 25 Gerrit Schimmelpenninck a Dutch businessman and statesman, whose views ranged from liberal to conservative. He was the son of Grand Pensionary Rutger Jan Schimmelpenninck and a member of the Dutch Reformed Church
Feb 26 Barthélémy de Theux de Meylandt a Belgian Roman Catholic politician. He was born in the castle of Schabroek in Sint-Truiden on 26 February 1794. The count died in Heusden, in the Meylandt Castle on 21 August 1874 in Belgium
Mar 5 Robert Cooper Grier an American jurist who served on the Supreme Court of the United States.
Mar 5 Jacques Babinet best known for his contributions to optics.
Mar 10 Infante Francisco de Paula of Spain the youngest son of Charles IV of Spain and Maria Luisa of Parma. He was a brother of Ferdinand VII, as well as uncle and father-in-law of Isabella II
Mar 14 Józef Bem a Polish general, an Ottoman pasha and a national hero of Poland and Hungary, and a figure intertwined with other European nationalisms. Like Tadeusz Kościuszko and Jan Henryk Dąbrowski , Bem fought outside Poland's borders for the future of Poland; anywhere his leadership and military skills were needed
Mar 15 Friedrich Christian Diez a philologist. The two works on which his fame rests are the Grammar of the Romance Languages , and the Etymological Dictionary of the Romance Languages. He spent most of his career at University of Bonn
Mar 16 Ami Boué born at Hamburg, and received his early education there and in Geneva and Paris.
Mar 17 Thomas Maclear an Irish-born South African astronomer who became Her Majesty's astronomer at the Cape of Good Hope.
Mar 20 René Lesson a French surgeon, naturalist, ornithologist, and herpetologist.
Mar 24 François-Nicolas Vincent the Secretary General of the War Ministry in the First French Republic, and a significant figure in the French Revolution. A member of the Cordelier Club, he is best known as a radical sans-culottes leader and prominent member of the Hébertist faction
Mar 26 Julius Schnorr von Carolsfeld a German painter, associated with the Nazarene movement.
Mar 31 Thomas McKean Thompson McKennan a 19th-century politician and lawyer who served as the 2nd United States Secretary of the Interior under President Millard Fillmore.
Apr 4 Sabin Berthelot a French naturalist and ethnologist. He was resident on the Canary Islands for part of his life, and co-authored L'Histoire Naturelle des Îles Canaries with Philip Barker Webb
Apr 7 Giovanni Battista Rubini an Italian tenor, as famous in his time as Enrico Caruso in a later day. His ringing and expressive coloratura dexterity in the highest register of his voice, the tenorino, inspired the writing of operatic roles which today are almost impossible to cast. As a singer Rubini was the major early exponent of the Romantic style of the bel canto era of Vincenzo Bellini and Gaetano Donizetti
Apr 9 Søren Christian Sommerfelt a Norwegian priest and botanist.
Apr 9 Theobald Boehm a German inventor and musician, who perfected the modern Western concert flute and its improved fingering system. He was a Bavarian court musician, a virtuoso flautist, and a celebrated composer for the flute
Apr 10 Matthew C. Perry a Commodore of the U.S. Navy and commanded a number of ships. He served in several wars, most notably in the Mexican-American War and the War of 1812. He played a leading role in the opening of Japan to the West with the Convention of Kanagawa in 1854. Perry was very concerned with the education of naval officers and helped develop an apprentice system that helped establish the curriculum at the United States Naval Academy. With the advent of the steam engine, he became a leading advocate of modernizing the U.S. Navy and came to be considered The Father of the Steam Navy in the US
Apr 11 Edward Everett an American politician, pastor, educator, diplomat, and orator from Massachusetts. Everett, a Whig, served as U.S. Representative, U.S. Senator, the 15th Governor of Massachusetts, Minister to Great Britain, and United States Secretary of State. He also taught at Harvard University and served as its president
Apr 12 Germinal Pierre Dandelin a mathematician, soldier, and professor of engineering.
Apr 13 Jean Pierre Flourens a French physiologist, the founder of experimental brain science and a pioneer in anesthesia. Through the study of ablations on animals, he was the first to prove that the mind was located in the brain, not the heart
Apr 17 Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius a German botanist and explorer.
Apr 23 Wei Yuan a Chinese scholar from Shaoyang, Hunan. He moved to Yangzhou in 1831, where he remained for the rest of his life. Wei obtained the provincial degree in the Imperial examinations and subsequently worked in the secretariat of several prominent statesmen, such as Lin Zexu. Wei was deeply concerned with the crisis facing China in the early 19th century; while he remained loyal to the Qing Dynasty, he also sketched a number of proposals for the improvement of the administration of the empire
Apr 27 Achille Richard a French botanist and physician.
May 12 George Cathcart a British general and diplomat.
May 13 Louis Léopold Robert a Swiss painter.
May 17 Anna Brownell Jameson a British writer.
May 19 Carlos Miguel Fitz-James Stuart 14th Duke of Alba a Spanish aristocrat.
May 23 Ignaz Moscheles a Bohemian composer and piano virtuoso, whose career after his early years was based initially in London, and later at Leipzig, where he succeeded his friend and sometime pupil Felix Mendelssohn as head of the Conservatoire.
May 24 William Whewell an English polymath, scientist, Anglican priest, philosopher, theologian, and historian of science. He was Master of Trinity College, Cambridge. In his time as a student there, he achieved distinction in both poetry and mathematics