Died in 1794

Jan 4 Nicolas Luckner a German in French service who rose to become a Marshal of France.
Jan 6 Louis d'Elbée a French Royalist military leader. He was the second commander in chief of the Royal and Catholic Army formed by Royalist forces of the Vendean insurrection against the Republic and the French Revolution
Jan 7 Vasily Zuyev a Russian naturalist and traveler, academician of the Petersburg Academy of Sciences.
Jan 8 Justus Möser a German jurist and social theorist.
Jan 10 Georg Forster a naturalist, ethnologist, travel writer, journalist, and revolutionary. At an early age, he accompanied his father on several scientific expeditions, including James Cook's second voyage to the Pacific. His report from that journey, A Voyage Round the World, contributed significantly to the ethnology of the people of Polynesia and remains a respected work. As a result of the report Forster was admitted to the Royal Society at the early age of twenty-two and came to be considered one of the founders of modern scientific travel literature
Jan 16 Edward Gibbon an English historian and Member of Parliament. His most important work, The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, was published in six volumes between 1776 and 1788. The Decline and Fall is known for the quality and irony of its prose, its use of primary sources, and its open criticism of organised religion
Jan 27 Antoine Philippe de La Trémoille a French noble and royalist notable for his military involvement against the French Revolution.
Jan 28 Henri de la Rochejaquelein the youngest general of the Royalist Vendéan insurrection during the French Revolution.
Jan 31 Mariot Arbuthnot a British admiral, who commanded the Royal Navy's North American station during the American War for Independence.
Feb 2 Marie Fel a French opera singer and a daughter of the organist Henri Fel.
Feb 10 Jacques Roux a radical Roman Catholic priest that took an active role in the revolutionary politics during the French Revolution. He skillfully expounded the ideals of popular democracy and classless society to crowds of Parisian sans-culottes, working class wage earners and shopkeepers, radicalizing them into a dangerous revolutionary force. He became a leader of a popular far-left political faction known as the Enragés , and in 1791 he was elected to the Paris Commune
Feb 12 Mahadaji Shinde a Maratha ruler of the Maratha Empire of the state of Gwalior in central India. He was the fifth and youngest son of Sardar Ranoji Rao Scindia
Feb 16 Étienne Charles de Loménie de Brienne a French churchman, politician and finance minister of Louis XVI.
Feb 22 Caspar Friedrich Wolff a German physiologist and one of the founders of embryology.
Feb 27 Jean-Rodolphe Perronet a French architect and structural engineer, known for his many stone arch bridges. His best known work is the Pont de la Concorde
Mar 5 Ramón de la Cruz a Spanish neoclassical dramatist.
Mar 24 Jacques Hébert a French journalist, and the founder and editor of the extreme radical newspaper Le Père Duchesne during the French Revolution. His followers are usually referred to as the Hébertists or the Hébertistes; he himself is sometimes called Père Duchesne, after his newspaper
Mar 24 Charles-Philippe Ronsin a French general of the Revolutionary Army of the First French Republic, commanding the large Parisian division of l'Armée Révolutionnaire. He was an extreme radical leader of the French Revolution, and one of the many followers of Jacques-René Hébert, known as the Hébertists
Mar 24 Anacharsis Cloots a Prussian nobleman who was a significant figure in the French Revolution. He was nicknamed "orator of mankind", "citoyen de l’humanité" and "a personal enemy of God"
Mar 28 Marquis de Condorcet a French philosopher, mathematician, and early political scientist whose Condorcet method in voting tally selects the candidate who would beat each of the other candidates in a run-off election. Unlike many of his contemporaries, he advocated a liberal economy, free and equal public education, constitutionalism, and equal rights for women and people of all races. His ideas and writings were said to embody the ideals of the Age of Enlightenment and rationalism, and remain influential to this day. He died a mysterious death in prison after a period of flight from French Revolutionary authorities
Apr 5 Marie-Jean Hérault de Séchelles a French judge and politician who took part in the French Revolution.
Apr 5 Pierre Philippeaux a French lawyer who was a deputy to the National Convention for Sarthe.
Apr 5 Joseph Delaunay a French deputy.
Apr 5 Georges Danton a leading figure in the early stages of the French Revolution and the first President of the Committee of Public Safety. Danton's role in the onset of the Revolution has been disputed; many historians describe him as "the chief force in the overthrow of the monarchy and the establishment of the First French Republic". A moderating influence on the Jacobins, he was guillotined by the advocates of revolutionary terror after accusations of venality and leniency to the enemies of the Revolution
Apr 5 François Chabot a French politician.
Apr 5 Fabre d'Églantine a French actor, dramatist, poet, and politician of the French Revolution.
Apr 5 François Joseph Westermann a French general of the Revolutionary Wars and political figure of the French Revolution.
Apr 5 Camille Desmoulins a journalist and politician who played an important role in the French Revolution. He was a childhood friend of Maximilien Robespierre and a close friend and political ally of Georges Danton, who were influential figures in the French Revolution. Desmoulins was tried and executed alongside Danton in response to Dantonist opposition to the Committee of Public Safety
Apr 5 Claude Basire a French politician of the Revolutionary period.
Apr 10 Antonio Rinaldi (architect) an Italian architect, trained by Luigi Vanvitelli, who worked mainly in Russia.
Apr 11 Stanislas-Marie Maillard a captain of the Bastille Volunteers. As a national guardsman, he participated in the attack on the Bastille and accompanied the women who marched to Versailles on October 5, 1789. Maillard testified in court to the events at Versailles
Apr 12 Jean-Baptiste-Joseph Gobel a French Roman Catholic cleric and politician of the Revolution. He was executed during the Reign of Terror
Apr 13 Nicolas Chamfort a French writer, best known for his witty epigrams and aphorisms. He was secretary to Louis XVI's sister, and of the Jacobin club
Apr 13 Lucile Duplessis the wife of the French revolutionary and journalist Camille Desmoulins. She was the daughter of Claude Etienne Laridon Duplessis, an official of the French Treasury, and Anne Françoise Marie Boisdeveix. Her sister, Adèle Duplessis, was briefly engaged to Maximilien Robespierre
Apr 13 Pierre Gaspard Chaumette a French politician of the Revolutionary period.
Apr 18 Charles Pratt 1st Earl Camden an English lawyer, judge and Whig politician who was first to hold the title of Earl of Camden. As a lawyer and judge he was a leading proponent of civil liberties, championing the rights of the jury, and limiting the powers of the State in leading cases such as Entick v Carrington
Apr 23 Guillaume-Chrétien de Lamoignon de Malesherbes a French statesman, minister, and afterwards counsel for the defence of Louis XVI.
Apr 24 Axel von Fersen the Elder a Swedish statesman and soldier.
Apr 25 Szymon Marcin Kossakowski a Polish-Lithuanian nobleman , and one of the leaders of the Targowica Confederation. In 1793, he became the last Great Hetman of Lithuania
Apr 27 William Jones (philologist) an Anglo-Welsh philologist and scholar of ancient India, particularly known for his proposition of the existence of a relationship among Indo-European languages. He, along with Henry Thomas Colebrooke and Nathaniel Halhed, founded the Asiatic Society of Bengal, and started a journal called Asiatick Researches
Apr 27 James Bruce a Scottish traveller and travel writer who spent more than a dozen years in North Africa and Ethiopia, where he traced the origins of the Blue Nile.
Apr 28 Charles Hector comte d'Estaing a French general, and admiral. He began his service as a soldier in the War of the Austrian Succession, briefly spending time as a prisoner of war of the British during the Seven Years' War. Naval exploits during the latter war prompted him to change branches of service, and he transferred to the French Navy
May 6 Jean-Jacques Beauvarlet-Charpentier a celebrated French organist and composer.
May 8 Antoine Lavoisier a French nobleman and chemist central to the 18th-century Chemical Revolution and a large influence on both the histories of chemistry and biology. He is widely considered to be the "Father of Modern Chemistry."
May 9 Piotr Ożarowski a Polish noble , politic and military commander. Member of the infamous Confederation of Targowica, he reached the offices of Great Crown Hetman and castellan of Wojnice
May 9 Józef Kossakowski (bishop) a Polish noble , bishop of Livonia from 1781, political activist, writer, and supporter of Russian Empire.
May 9 Józef Zabiełło a nobleman in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. Great Łowczy of Lithuanian from 1775, konsyliarz of Permanent Council from 1782, deputy of Samogitia to the Great Sejm and Field Hetman of Lithuania from 1793, he was infamous for his support of the Russian Empire in the last years of the Commonwealth
May 10 Princess Élisabeth of France a French princess and the youngest sibling of King Louis XVI. During the French Revolution, she remained beside the king and his family and was executed at Place de la Révolution in Paris during the Terror
Jun 2 Adolphus Frederick IV Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz a Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.
Jun 8 Gottfried August Bürger a German poet. His ballads were very popular in Germany. His most noted ballad, Lenore, found an audience beyond readers of the German language in an English adaptation and a French translation