1795 in history

1795 events chronologically

Jan 19 The Batavian Republic is proclaimed in the Netherlands bringing to an end the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands
Feb 7 The 11th Amendment to the United States Constitution is ratified
Mar 28 Partitions of Poland: The Duchy of Courland and Semigallia, a northern fief of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, ceases to exist and becomes part of Imperial Russia
May 31 French Revolution: the Revolutionary Tribunal is suppressed
Jun 16 First Battle of Groix otherwise known as "Cornwallis' Retreat"
Jun 17 The burghers of Swellendam expel the Dutch East India Company magistrate and declare a republic
Jul 25 The first stone of the Pontcysyllte Aqueduct is laid

Top 7 most famous people born in 1795

Feb 3 Antonio José de Sucre a Venezuelan independence leader. Sucre was one of Simón Bolívar's closest friends, generals and statesmen
May 23 Charles Barry an English architect, best known for his role in the rebuilding of the Palace of Westminster in London during the mid-19th century, but also responsible for numerous other buildings and gardens. He is known for his major contribution to the use of Italianate architecture in Britain, especially the use of the Palazzo as basis for the design of country houses, city mansions and public buildings. He also developed the Italian Renaissance garden style for the many gardens he designed around country houses
Oct 15 Frederick William IV of Prussia the eldest son and successor of Frederick William III of Prussia, reigned as King of Prussia from 1840 to 1861. Also referred to as the "romanticist on the throne", he is best remembered for the many buildings he had constructed in Berlin and Potsdam, as well as for the completion of the Gothic Cologne cathedral. In politics, he was a conservative, and in 1849 he rejected the title of German Emperor offered to him by the Frankfurt parliament, considering that it was not in the parliament's gift. In 1857, he suffered a stroke, and was left incapacitated, until his death
Oct 31 John Keats an English Romantic poet. He was one of the main figures of the second generation of Romantic poets along with Lord Byron and Percy Bysshe Shelley despite his work having been in publication for only four years before his death
Nov 2 James K. Polk the 11th President of the United States. Polk was born in Mecklenburg County, North Carolina. He later lived in and represented Tennessee. A Democrat, Polk served as the 17th Speaker of the House of Representatives and Governor of Tennessee. Polk was the surprise candidate for president in 1844, defeating Henry Clay of the rival Whig Party by promising to annex Texas. Polk was a leader of Jacksonian Democracy during the Second Party System
Dec 4 Thomas Carlyle a Scottish philosopher, satirical writer, essayist, historian and teacher. Considered one of the most important social commentators of its time, he presented many lectures during his lifetime with certain acclaim in the Victorian era. One of those conferences resulted in his famous work On Heroes, Hero-Worship, and The Heroic in History where he explains that the key role in history lies in the actions of the "Great Man", claiming that "History is nothing but the biography of the Great Man"
Dec 21 Leopold von Ranke a German historian and a founder of modern source-based history. According to Caroline Hoefferle, “Ranke was probably the most important historian to shape historical profession as it emerged in Europe and the United States in the late 19th century.” He was able to implement the seminar teaching method in his classroom, and focused on archival research and analysis of historical documents. Ranke set the standards for much of later historical writing, introducing such ideas as reliance on primary sources , an emphasis on narrative history and especially international politics

Top 7 most famous people died in 1795

Jan 3 Josiah Wedgwood credited with the industrialisation of the manufacture of pottery. A prominent abolitionist, Wedgwood is remembered for his "Am I Not a Man And a Brother?" anti-slavery medallion. He was a member of the Darwin–Wedgwood family. He was the grandfather of Charles Darwin and Emma Darwin
Feb 11 Carl Michael Bellman a Swedish poet, songwriter, composer and performer. Bellman is a central figure in the Swedish song tradition and remains a powerful influence in Swedish music, as well as in Scandinavian literature, to this day
May 19 James Boswell a Scottish lawyer, diarist, and author born in Edinburgh. He is best known for the biography he wrote of one of his contemporaries, the English literary figure Samuel Johnson, which the modern Johnsonian critic Harold Bloom has claimed is the greatest biography written in the English language
Jun 8 Louis XVII of France the younger son of King Louis XVI of France and Queen Marie Antoinette. As the son of the king, he was a Fils de France. His older brother, Louis Joseph, died in June 1789, just a few weeks before the start of the French Revolution
Aug 26 Alessandro Cagliostro the alias of the occultist Giuseppe Balsamo , an Italian adventurer.
Aug 31 François-André Danican Philidor a French composer and chess player. He contributed to the early development of the opéra comique. He was also regarded as the best chess player of his age; his book Analyse du jeu des Échecs was considered a standard chess manual for at least a century, and a well-known chess opening and a checkmate method are both named after him
Dec 23 Henry Clinton (American War of Independence) a British army officer and politician, best known for his service as a general during the American War of Independence. First arriving in Boston in May 1775, from 1778 to 1782 he was the British Commander-in-Chief in North America. In addition to his military service, due to the influence of the 2nd Duke of Newcastle, he was a Member of Parliament for many years. Late in life he was named Governor of Gibraltar, but died before assuming the post