Born in 1795

Jan 2 Sir Thomas Metcalfe 4th Baronet an East India Company civil servant and agent of the Governor General of India at the imperial court of the Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar.
Jan 6 Anselme Payen a French chemist known for discovering the enzyme diastase, and the carbohydrate cellulose.
Jan 15 Alexander Griboyedov a Russian diplomat, playwright, poet, and composer. He is recognized as homo unius libri, a writer of one book, whose fame rests on the verse comedy Woe from Wit or The Woes of Wit. He was Russia's ambassador to Qajar Persia, where he and all the embassy staff were massacred by an angry mob
Jan 16 Carl Christian Rafn a Danish historian, translator and antiquarian. His scholarship to a large extent focused on translation of Old Norse literature and related Northern European ancient history. He was also noted for his early advocacy of the recognition of Viking explorations of North America
Jan 18 Anna Pavlovna of Russia a queen consort of the Netherlands. In the Netherlands, due to nineteenth century Dutch transliteration conventions, she is better known as Anna Paulowna
Jan 26 Policarpa Salavarrieta a Neogranadine seamstress who spied for the Revolutionary Forces during the Spanish Reconquista of the Viceroyalty of New Granada. She was captured by Spanish Royalists and ultimately executed for high treason. She is now considered a heroine of the independence of Colombia
Jan 27 Eli Whitney Blake an American inventor, best known for his mortise lock and stone-crushing machine, the latter of which earned him a place into the National Inventors Hall of Fame.
Jan 27 Julius Schoppe a German portrait, landscape, history and fresco painter in the Biedermeier style.
Jan 31 Gabriele Ferretti an Italian Catholic cardinal and Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals.
Feb 1 Sir George Harpur Crewe 8th Baronet an English Tory politician who represented the constituency of South Derbyshire.
Feb 3 Antonio José de Sucre a Venezuelan independence leader. Sucre was one of Simón Bolívar's closest friends, generals and statesmen
Feb 5 Wilhelm Karl Ritter von Haidinger has been born in Vienna on 5 February 1795. His father, Karl Haidinger was a mineralogist and geologist employed from 1780 onwards at the "Kaiserlich-Königliches Naturalien Cabinet". One of the collections of the Cabinet consisted of a multitude of rocks and minerals; in 1782 Karl Haidinger published a book on that part of the collection. Apart from classification activities Karl Haidinger engaged in scientific research on for example the metallurgical amalgamation process and taught its application to mining engineers in Schemnitz, now known as Banská Štiavnica in Slovakia. Several papers from his hand were published in Ignaz Edler von Born's science magazine "Physikalische Arbeiten der einträchtigen Freunde in Wien" and in the "Sitzungsberichte der kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften in Wien". One of Karl Haidinger's papers entitled "Entwurf einer systematischen Eintheilung der Gebirgsarten" won a first price in the 1785 competition organized by the Imperial Academy of Sciences and Arts of Petersburg, Russia, and was published separately as a book
Feb 7 Anders Fryxell a Swedish historian.
Feb 8 Moritz Gottlieb Saphir an Austrian satirical writer and journalist.
Feb 8 Friedlieb Ferdinand Runge a German analytical chemist.
Feb 8 Peter Jan Beckx Very Rev. Peter Jan Beckx, S.J. was a Belgian Jesuit, elected 22nd Superior-General of the Society of Jesus
Feb 9 Heinrich Hübsch a German architect. After studies in Heidelberg and at Friedrich Weinbrenner's school of architecture in Karlsruhe he traveled extensively in Greece and Italy. In 1831 he was appointed Oberbaurat at Karlsruhe. He designed many churches and other public buildings, mainly in the Grand Duchy of Baden, and is also known for his writings
Feb 10 Ary Scheffer a Dutch - French Romantic painter.
Feb 20 Franz Xaver Stöber an Austrian engraver and etcher.
Feb 23 Josiah Mason an English industrialist, engaged in pen manufacture and other trades, and a philanthropist. He founded Mason Science College in 1875, which later became the University of Birmingham
Feb 27 José Antonio Navarro a Texas statesman, revolutionary, politician, rancher, and merchant. The son of Ángel Navarro and Josefa María Ruiz y Pena, he was born into a distinguished noble family at San Antonio de Béxar in New Spain. His uncle was José Francisco Ruiz and his brother-in-law was Juan Martín de Veramendi. Navarro County, Texas, is named in his honor
Mar 3 Edward Douglass White Sr. the tenth Governor of Louisiana and a member of the United States House of Representatives. He served five nonconsecutive terms in Congress as an adherent of Henry Clay of Kentucky and the Whig Party
Mar 12 William Lyon Mackenzie a Scottish-born Canadian and American journalist and politician. He was the first mayor of Toronto, Upper Canada and was a leader during the 1837 Upper Canada Rebellion. He was also a member of the Orange Order in Canada
Mar 12 George Tyler Wood an American military officer and politician who served as the second Governor of Texas.
Mar 15 Adolf Bernhard Marx a German composer, musical theorist and critic.
Mar 23 Leopold Jansa a Bohemian violinist, composer, and teacher.
Mar 25 Jacques Louis Randon a French military and political leader, also Marshal of France and governor of Algeria.
Mar 28 Georg Heinrich Pertz a German historian born at Hanover.
Apr 1 Carl Anton von Meyer a German, Russified botanist and explorer.
Apr 2 Étienne-Jean Georget an early French psychiatrist. He is known for writing on monomania. He is also the pioneer of forensic psychiatry, and was the first psychiatrist to discuss the defence of insanity to criminal charges
Apr 4 Joseph Böhm a violinist and a director of the Vienna Conservatory.
Apr 5 Henry Havelock particularly associated with India and his recapture of Cawnpore from rebels during the Indian Rebellion of 1857.
Apr 15 Fulgence Fresnel a French Orientalist who was a native of Mathieu, Calvados. He was brother to physicist Augustin Fresnel
Apr 19 Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg one of the most famous and productive scientists of his time.
Apr 21 Vincent Pallotti an Italian ecclesiastic, born in Rome, and a saint. He was the founder of the Society of the Catholic Apostolate later to be known as Pious Society of Missions. The original name was restored in 1947. He is buried in the church of San Salvatore in Onda. He is considered the forerunner of Catholic Action
Apr 28 Charles Sturt a British explorer of Australia, and part of the European exploration of Australia. He led several expeditions into the interior of the continent, starting from both Sydney and later from Adelaide. His expeditions traced several of the westward-flowing rivers, establishing that they all merged into the Murray River. He was searching to determine if there was an "inland sea"
May 10 Augustin Thierry a French historian.
May 13 Pavel Jozef Šafárik a Slovak philologist, poet, one of the first scientific Slavists; literary historian, historian and ethnographer.
May 13 Gérard Paul Deshayes a French geologist and conchologist.
May 18 Celestino Cavedoni an Italian ecclesiastic, archeologist, and numismatist.
May 19 Johns Hopkins an American entrepreneur, abolitionist and philanthropist of 19th-century Baltimore, Maryland.
May 23 Charles Barry an English architect, best known for his role in the rebuilding of the Palace of Westminster in London during the mid-19th century, but also responsible for numerous other buildings and gardens. He is known for his major contribution to the use of Italianate architecture in Britain, especially the use of the Palazzo as basis for the design of country houses, city mansions and public buildings. He also developed the Italian Renaissance garden style for the many gardens he designed around country houses
May 25 Victor Orsel a French painter. A student of Pierre Révoil in Lyon then of Pierre-Narcisse Guérin in Paris, he then spent 7 years at the villa Médicis in Rome , where he worked in the orbit of Overbeck and the Nazarene movement, and copied the Italian 'primitives', leaving his own art with an archaising tendency. He died unmarried
Jun 11 Narcisse-Achille de Salvandy a French politician.
Jun 12 John Marston (sailor) an officer in the United States Navy.
Jun 13 Thomas Arnold an English educator and historian. Arnold was an early supporter of the Broad Church Anglican movement. He was the headmaster of Rugby School from 1828 to 1841, where he introduced a number of reforms
Jun 13 Anton Schindler an associate, secretary, and early biographer of Ludwig van Beethoven. He was born in Medlov, Moravia and died in Bockenheim
Jun 19 Louis-Maxime Raybaud a French philhellene officer and writer, and a participant in the War of Independence of Greece.
Jun 19 James Braid (surgeon) a Scottish surgeon and "gentleman scientist". He was a significant innovator in the treatment of club-foot and an important and influential pioneer of hypnotism and hypnotherapy. He is regarded by many as the first genuine "hypnotherapist" and the "Father of Modern Hypnotism"
Jun 24 Ernst Heinrich Weber considered one of the founders of experimental psychology. Weber was an influential and important figure in the areas of physiology and psychology during his lifetime and beyond. His studies on sensation and touch, along with his emphasis on good experimental techniques gave way to new directions and areas of study for future psychologists, physiologists, and anatomists