Died in 1795

Jan 3 Josiah Wedgwood credited with the industrialisation of the manufacture of pottery. A prominent abolitionist, Wedgwood is remembered for his "Am I Not a Man And a Brother?" anti-slavery medallion. He was a member of the Darwin–Wedgwood family. He was the grandfather of Charles Darwin and Emma Darwin
Jan 19 Maria Teresa Agnesi Pinottini an Italian composer. Though she was most famous for her compositions, she was also an accomplished harpsichordist and singer, and the majority of her surviving compositions were written for keyboard, the voice, or both. She was born in Milan to Pietro Agnesi, an overbearing man in the lesser nobility. He provided early education for both Maria Teresa and her more famous older sister, Maria Gaetana, a mathematics and language prodigy who lectured and debated all over Europe while her sister performed. Maria Teresa was married to Pier Antonio Pinottini on June 13, 1752, and they settled in a district populated by intellects and artists, but eventually suffered severe financial ruin. Pinottini died not too long afterwards
Jan 21 Samuel Wallis an English navigator who circumnavigated the world.
Jan 21 Michel Corrette a French organist, composer and author of musical method books.
Jan 26 Grand Duchess Olga Pavlovna of Russia a Grand Duchess of Russia as the second youngest daughter and seventh child of Emperor Paul I of Russia and his empress consort, Sophie Dorothea of Württemberg.
Feb 1 Giacomo Insanguine an Italian composer, organist, and music educator.
Feb 11 Carl Michael Bellman a Swedish poet, songwriter, composer and performer. Bellman is a central figure in the Swedish song tradition and remains a powerful influence in Swedish music, as well as in Scandinavian literature, to this day
Feb 22 Alexander Gerard a Scottish minister, academic and philosophical writer.
Feb 23 Johann Siegfried Hufnagel a German parson and entomologist.
Feb 27 Tanikaze Kajinosuke officially recognized as the fourth yokozuna, and the first to be awarded the title of yokozuna within his own lifetime. He achieved great fame and won 21 tournament championships. He was also the coach of Raiden Tameemon
Feb 27 Francis Marion a military officer who served in the American Revolutionary War. Acting with Continental Army and South Carolina militia commissions, he was a persistent adversary of the British in their occupation of South Carolina in 1780 and 1781, even after the Continental Army was driven out of the state in the Battle of Camden
Mar 4 John Collins (Continental Congress) the third Governor of the U.S. state of Rhode Island, born in Newport, the son of Samuel and Elizabeth Collins.
Mar 5 Josef Reicha a Czech cellist, composer and conductor. He was the uncle of composer and music theorist Anton Reicha
Mar 21 Giovanni Arduino (geologist) known as the "Father of Italian Geology".
Mar 21 Honoré III Prince of Monaco Duke of Valentinois for almost sixty years from 1733 to 1793. Honoré was the son of Jacques I, Prince of Monaco and his wife, Louise Hippolyte, Princess of Monaco
Apr 1 Charles II August Duke of Zweibrücken Duke of Zweibrücken from 1775 to 1795. A member of the Palatine House of Zweibrücken-Birkenfeld, a branch of the House of Wittelsbach, he was the elder brother of the first King of Bavaria, Maximilian I, and of Queen Amalia of Saxony
Apr 6 George Collier an officer of the Royal Navy who saw service during the Seven Years' War, the American War of Independence and the French Revolutionary Wars. As commander of the frigate HMS Rainbow, he was one of the most successful British naval commanders during the opening stages of war with America. He achieved considerable success as one of the senior officers on the North American coast, conducting and organizing several highly effective raids and counter-strikes. He was superseded however, and returned to Britain to play a role in the closing events of the war in European waters, before moving ashore to start a political career. He enjoyed a brief return to service with the resumption of war with France, and achieved flag rank, but died shortly afterwards
Apr 12 Johann Kaspar Basselet von La Rosée a leading Bavarian general.
Apr 20 Johan Henric Kellgren a Swedish poet and critic.
Apr 30 Jean-Jacques Barthélemy a French writer and numismatist.
May 6 Pieter Boddaert a Dutch physician and naturalist.
May 7 Antoine Quentin Fouquier-Tinville a French prosecutor during the Revolution and Reign of Terror periods.
May 17 Thomas Pelham-Clinton 3rd Duke of Newcastle a British soldier and politician.
May 18 Robert Rogers (soldier) an American colonial frontiersman. Rogers served in the British army during both the French and Indian War and the American Revolution. During the French and Indian War Rogers raised and commanded the famous Rogers' Rangers
May 19 James Boswell a Scottish lawyer, diarist, and author born in Edinburgh. He is best known for the biography he wrote of one of his contemporaries, the English literary figure Samuel Johnson, which the modern Johnsonian critic Harold Bloom has claimed is the greatest biography written in the English language
May 19 Josiah Bartlett an American physician and statesman, delegate to the Continental Congress for New Hampshire and signatory of the Declaration of Independence. He was later Chief Justice of the New Hampshire Superior Court of Judicature and Governor of the state
May 22 Ewald Friedrich von Hertzberg a Prussian statesman.
May 22 Friedrich Wilhelm Marpurg a German music critic, music theorist and composer. He was friendly and active with many figures of the Enlightenment of the 18th century
Jun 1 Pierre-Joseph Desault a French anatomist and surgeon.
Jun 8 Louis XVII of France the younger son of King Louis XVI of France and Queen Marie Antoinette. As the son of the king, he was a Fils de France. His older brother, Louis Joseph, died in June 1789, just a few weeks before the start of the French Revolution
Jun 17 Gilbert Romme a French politician and mathematician who developed the French Republican Calendar.
Jun 23 Aleksey Antropov a Russian painter active primarily in Petersburg, where he was born and died. He also worked in Moscow and frescoed churches in Kiev. His preferred medium was oil, but he also painted miniatures and icons
Jun 24 William Smellie (encyclopedist) a Scottish master printer, naturalist, antiquary, editor and encyclopedist. He was friends with Robert Burns, whose assessment is engraved on Smellie's tombstone: "Here lies a man who did honour to human nature". Burns also described him fondly in a letter as "that old Veteran in Genius, Wit and Bawdry"
Jun 26 Johannes Jährig a German Mongolist and translator of Tibetan and Mongolian texts.
Jul 3 Antonio de Ulloa a Spanish general, explorer, author, astronomer, colonial administrator and the first Spanish governor of Louisiana.
Jul 3 Louis-Georges de Bréquigny born at Granville, Manche in Normandy.
Jul 6 Christian Gottlieb Kratzenstein a German-born doctor, physicist and engineer. From 1753 to his death he was a professor in Copenhagen, and became the rector of University of Copenhagen four times
Jul 9 Henry Seymour Conway a British general and statesman. A brother of the 1st Marquess of Hertford, and cousin of Horace Walpole, he began his military career in the War of the Austrian Succession. He held various political offices including Chief Secretary for Ireland, Secretary of State for the Southern Department, Leader of the House of Commons and Secretary of State for the Northern Department. He eventually rose to the position of Commander-in-Chief of the Forces
Jul 12 Archduke Alexander Leopold of Austria Palatine of Hungary, appointed during the reign of his father, Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II, and serving into the reign of his elder brother, Holy Roman Emperor Francis II.
Jul 16 Herman Scholliner a German Benedictine theologian and historian.
Jul 20 Grigory Shelikhov a Russian seafarer and merchant born in Rylsk.
Jul 29 Adair Crawford a pioneer in the development of calorimetric methods for measuring the specific heat capacity of substances and the heat of chemical reactions. In his influential 1779 book "Experiments and Observations on Animal Heat", Crawford presented new experiments proving that respiratory gas exchange in animals is a combustion. Crawford also was involved in the discovery of the element strontium
Aug 1 Clas Bjerkander a Swedish meteorologist, botanist, and entomologist.
Aug 4 Francisco Bayeu y Subías an Aragonese painter, active in a Neoclassic style, whose main subjects were religious and historical themes.
Aug 4 Timothy Ruggles an American military leader, jurist and politician. He was a delegate to the Stamp Act Congress of 1765
Aug 13 Ahilyabai Holkar Template:Use Hindi.
Aug 26 Alessandro Cagliostro the alias of the occultist Giuseppe Balsamo , an Italian adventurer.
Aug 31 Maruyama Ōkyo a Japanese artist active in the late 18th century. He moved to Kyoto, during which he studied artworks from Chinese, Japanese and Western sources. A personal style of Western naturalism mixed with Eastern decorative design emerged, and Ōkyo founded the Maruyama school of painting. Although many of his fellow artists criticized his work as too slavishly devoted to natural representation, it proved a success with laymen
Aug 31 François-André Danican Philidor a French composer and chess player. He contributed to the early development of the opéra comique. He was also regarded as the best chess player of his age; his book Analyse du jeu des Échecs was considered a standard chess manual for at least a century, and a well-known chess opening and a checkmate method are both named after him
Sep 11 Ivan Betskoy a Russian school reformer who served as Catherine II's advisor on education and President of the Imperial Academy of Arts for thirty years. Perhaps the crowning achievement of his long career was the establishment of Russia's first unified system of public education