Born in 1797

Jan 1 Utagawa Kuniyoshi one of the last great masters of the Japanese ukiyo-e style of woodblock prints and painting. He was a member of the Utagawa school
Jan 1 Christopher Jacob Boström a Swedish philosopher. His ideas dominated Swedish philosophy until the beginning of the twentieth century. He also had a great influence on Swedish cultural life
Jan 3 Frederick William Hope an English entomologist and founder of the Hope Department of Entomology at the University of Oxford.
Jan 4 Wilhelm Beer a banker and astronomer from Berlin, Prussia, and the half-brother of Giacomo Meyerbeer.
Jan 5 Eduard Vogel von Falckenstein a Prussian General der Infanterie.
Jan 6 Edward Turner Bennett an English zoologist and writer. He was the elder brother of the botanist John Joseph Bennett
Jan 10 Eugenio Kincaid an American Baptist missionary who labored for two periods in Burma. In the first period, he served twelve years. In the second period, he served for another fifteen years. His mission work in Burma covered the whole range of the country, from the farthest north to the farthest south and from the farthest west to almost the farthest east. Between the two periods of his ministry, he had eight years of leave of absence during which he raised funds for the foreign missions, and in addition, helped in the foundation of the University of Lewisburg. At the age of 33, Eugenio Kincaid was sent by Baptist Board of Foreign Missions to preach the gospel in Burma
Jan 10 Annette von Droste-Hülshoff a 19th-century German writer and composer. She was one of the most important German poets and author of the novella Die Judenbuche
Jan 11 Carl Rottmann a German landscape painter and the most famous member of the Rottmann family of painters.
Jan 12 Gideon Brecher an Austrian physician and writer.
Jan 19 Henri-Bernard Dabadie a French baritone, particularly associated with Rossini and Auber roles.
Jan 21 Joseph Méry a French writer.
Jan 22 Maria Leopoldina of Austria an archduchess of Austria, Empress consort of Brazil and Queen consort of Portugal.
Jan 26 Matija Čop a Slovene linguist, literary historian and critic.
Jan 28 Narcisse Girard a French violinist, conductor and composer.
Jan 30 Edwin Vose Sumner a career United States Army officer who became a Union Army general and the oldest field commander of any Army Corps on either side during the American Civil War. His nicknames "Bull" or "Bull Head" came both from his great booming voice and a legend that a musket ball once bounced off his head
Jan 31 Franz Schubert an Austrian composer.
Feb 5 Jean-Marie Duhamel a French mathematician and physicist. His studies were affected by the troubles of the Napoleonic era. He went on to form his own school École Sainte-Barbe. Duhamel's principle, a method of obtaining solutions to inhomogeneous linear evolution equations, is named after him. He was primarily a mathematician but did studies on the mathematics of heat, mechanics, and acoustics. He also did work in calculus using infinitesimals. Duhamel's theorem for infinitesimals says that the sum of a series of infinitesimals is unchanged by replacing the infinitesimal with its principal part
Feb 6 Richard Hawes a United States Representative from Kentucky and the second Confederate Governor of Kentucky. He was part of the politically influential Hawes family. His brother, uncle, and cousin also served as U.S. Representatives, whle his grandson Harry Hawes was a member of the United States Senate. Rchard Hawes began his political career as an ardent Whig and was a close friend of the party's founder, Henry Clay. When the party declined and dissolved in the 1850s, Hawes became a Democrat, and his relationship with Clay cooled
Feb 6 Joseph von Radowitz a conservative Prussian statesman and general famous for his proposal to unify Germany under Prussian leadership by means of a negotiated agreement among the reigning German princes.
Feb 15 Henry E. Steinway the founder of the piano company Steinway & Sons.
Feb 28 Prince Frederick of the Netherlands the second son of king William I of the Netherlands and his wife, Wilhelmine of Prussia.
Mar 2 Étienne Mulsant a French entomologist and ornithologist.
Mar 3 Gotthilf Hagen a German physicist and hydraulic engineer.
Mar 6 Gerrit Smith a leading United States social reformer, abolitionist, politician, and philanthropist. Spouse to Ann Carroll Fitzhugh, Smith was a candidate for President of the United States in 1848, 1856, and 1860, but only served 18 months in the federal government—in Congress as a Free Soil Party Representative, in 1853–4
Mar 13 Charles de Rémusat a French politician and writer.
Mar 16 Alaric Alexander Watts British poet and journalist, born in London. His life was dedicated to newspaper creation and edition and was seen as a conservative writer. Such a life led him to bankruptcy until a pension was awarded to him by a friend, Lord Aberdeen
Mar 19 José de Urrea a Mexican general. He fought under General Antonio López de Santa Anna during the Texas Revolution. Urrea's forces were never defeated in battle during the Texas Revolution. His most notable success was that of the Goliad Campaign, in which James Fannin's 300 soldiers were surrounded and induced to capitulate under terms, but were massacred in Urrea's absence on the orders of Santa Anna
Mar 19 John Braithwaite (engineer) an English engineer who invented the first steam fire engine.
Mar 22 Józef Zaliwski a Polish pułkownik of Kingdom of Poland, independence activist.
Mar 22 William I German Emperor the King of Prussia and the first German Emperor , as well as the first Head of State of a united Germany. Under the leadership of William and his Minister President Otto von Bismarck, Prussia achieved the unification of Germany and the establishment of the German Empire. Despite his long support of Bismarck as Minister President, however, William held strong reservations about some of Bismarck's more reactionary policies, including his anti-Catholicism and tough handling of subordinates. Contrary to Bismarck, William was described as polite, gentlemanly, and while a staunch conservative, more open to certain classical liberal ideas than his grandson Wilhelm II
Mar 25 Antonio Rosmini-Serbati an Italian Roman Catholic priest and philosopher. He founded the Rosminians, officially the Institute of Charity or Societas a charitate nuncupata
Mar 26 Joseph Fielding an early leader of the Latter Day Saint movement. He served as the second president of the British Mission , coordinating the activities of missionaries in sections of the United Kingdom and parts of Europe. He was the brother of Mary Fielding, the second wife of Hyrum Smith, and an uncle of Joseph Smith, the sixth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
Mar 27 Alfred de Vigny a French poet, playwright, and novelist.
Apr 2 Franz Graf von Wimpffen an Austrian General and Admiral who served as Administrative Head of the Austro-Hungarian Navy from 1851 to 1854.
Apr 3 Barthélemy Charles Joseph Dumortier a Belgian conducted a parallel career of botanist and Member of Parliament.
Apr 7 Pierre Leroux born at Bercy, now a part of Paris, the son of an artisan.
Apr 13 Stanislas Julien a French sinologist who served as the Chair of Chinese at the Collège de France for over 40 years and was one of the most academically respected sinologists in French history.
Apr 15 Adolphe Thiers a French politician and historian. He was a leading historian of the French Revolution, with a multivolume history that argued that the republicanism of the Revolution was the central theme of modern French history
Apr 22 Jean Léonard Marie Poiseuille a French physicist and physiologist.
Apr 27 Jean Victoire Audouin a French naturalist, an entomologist, herpetologist, ornithologist, and malacologist.
May 2 Abraham Pineo Gesner a Canadian physician and geologist who invented kerosene. Although Ignacy Łukasiewicz developed the modern kerosene lamp, starting the world's oil industry, Gesner is considered a primary founder. Gesner was born in Cornwallis, Nova Scotia. He died in Halifax, Nova Scotia
May 6 Joseph Brackett an American songwriter, author, and elder of The United Society of Believers in Christ's Second Appearing, better known as the Shakers. Brackett's most famous song, "Simple Gifts", is still widely performed and adapted
May 11 José Mariano Salas a Mexican general and politician who served twice as interim president of Mexico. He was also a member of the executive triumvirate of the Second Mexican Empire that invited Maximilian of Habsburg to take the throne
May 17 Count Karl Ferdinand von Buol an Austrian diplomatist and statesman, who served as Foreign Minister from 1852 to 1859.
May 18 Frederick Augustus II of Saxony King of Saxony and a member of the House of Wettin.
May 19 Maria Isabel of Portugal an Infanta of Portugal who became the Queen of Spain as the second wife of Ferdinand VII of Spain.
May 30 Johann Christian Lobe a German composer and music theorist.
May 30 Georg Amadeus Carl Friedrich Naumann a German mineralogist and geologist. The crater Naumann on the Moon is named after him
Jun 11 José Trinidad Reyes y preferencia, sobre sus semejantes".