Born in 1802

Jan 3 Félix Dupanloup Mgr. Félix Antoine Philibert Dupanloup was a French ecclesiastic
Jan 3 Charles Pelham Villiers a British lawyer and politician from the Villiers family who sat in the House of Commons from 1835 to 1898, making him the longest-serving Member of Parliament.
Jan 4 Paul 6th duc de Noailles a French nobleman and historian.
Jan 6 Ion Heliade Rădulescu a Wallachian-born Romanian academic, Romantic and Classicist poet, essayist, memoirist, short story writer, newspaper editor and politician. A prolific translator of foreign literature into Romanian, he was also the author of books on linguistics and history. For much of his life, Heliade Rădulescu was a teacher at Saint Sava College in Bucharest, which he helped reopen. He was a founding member and first president of the Romanian Academy
Jan 6 John Gabriel Perboyre C.M. was a French priest, who served as a missionary in China, where he became a martyr. He was canonized in 1996 by Pope John Paul II
Jan 10 Carl Ritter von Ghega the designer of the Semmering Railway from Gloggnitz to Mürzzuschlag. During his time, he was the most prominent of Austrian railway engineers and architects
Jan 13 Eduard von Bauernfeld born at Vienna.
Jan 14 Karl Lehrs a German classical scholar.
Jan 19 Sylvain Van de Weyer a Belgian politician, and then the Belgian Minister at the Court of James's, effectively the ambassador to the United Kingdom.
Jan 22 Richard Upjohn an English-born architect who emigrated to the United States and became most famous for his Gothic Revival churches. He was partially responsible for launching the movement to such popularity in the United States. Upjohn also did extensive work in and helped to popularize the Italianate style. He was a founder and the first president of the American Institute of Architects. His son, Richard Mitchell Upjohn, , was also a well-known architect and served as a partner in his continued architectural firm in New York
Jan 24 Marie-Félicité Brosset a French orientalist who specialized in Georgian and Armenian studies. He worked mostly in Russia
Jan 26 Casimir Lefaucheux a French gunsmith. He was born in Bonnétable and died in Paris
Feb 2 Jean-Baptiste Boussingault a French chemist who made significant contributions to agricultural science, petroleum science and metallurgy.
Feb 6 Charles Wheatstone an English scientist and inventor of many scientific breakthroughs of the Victorian era, including the English concertina, the stereoscope , and the Playfair cipher. However, Wheatstone is best known for his contributions in the development of the Wheatstone bridge, originally invented by Samuel Hunter Christie, which is used to measure an unknown electrical resistance, and as a major figure in the development of telegraphy
Feb 9 Étienne Arago a French writer and politician, and co-founder of the newspaper Le Figaro.
Feb 11 Lydia Maria Child an American abolitionist, women's rights activist, opponent of American expansionism, Indian rights activist, novelist, and journalist.
Feb 14 Józef Bohdan Zaleski a Polish Romantic poet. A friend of Adam Mickiewicz, Zaleski founded the "Ukrainian poetic school."
Feb 16 Gustave de Beaumont a French magistrate, prison reformer, and travel companion to the famed philosopher and politician Alexis de Tocqueville. While he was very successful in his lifetime, he is often overlooked and his name is synonymous with Tocqueville's achievements
Feb 16 Phineas Quimby an American spiritual teacher. Quimby was a philosopher, magnetizer, mesmerist, healer, and inventor, who resided in Belfast, Maine, and had an office in Portland, Maine. Quimby's work is widely recognized as leading to the New Thought movement
Feb 18 Gustav Leberecht Flügel a German orientalist.
Feb 19 Wilhelm Matthias Naeff a Swiss politician and one of the seven initial members of the Swiss Federal Council.
Feb 20 Charles Auguste de Bériot a Belgian violinist and composer.
Feb 26 Victor Hugo a French poet, novelist, and dramatist of the Romantic movement. He is considered one of the greatest and best known French writers. In France, Hugo's literary fame comes first from his poetry but also rests upon his novels and his dramatic achievements. Among many volumes of poetry, Les Contemplations and La Légende des siècles stand particularly high in critical esteem. Outside France, his best-known works are the acclaimed novels Les Misérables, 1862, and Notre-Dame de Paris, 1831. He also produced more than 4,000 drawings, which have since been admired for their beauty, and earned widespread respect as a campaigner for social causes such as the abolition of the death penalty
Feb 27 Duchess Elisabeth Alexandrine of Württemberg a daughter of Louis of Württemberg and Princess Henriette of Nassau-Weilburg. By her marriage to Prince William of Baden, she became a Princess of Baden
Mar 3 Adolphe Nourrit a French operatic tenor, librettist, and composer. One of the most esteemed opera singers of the 1820s and 1830s, he was particularly associated with the works of Gioachino Rossini
Mar 7 Edwin Henry Landseer an English painter, well known for his paintings of animals—particularly horses, dogs and stags. The best known of Landseer's works, however, are sculptures: the lions in Trafalgar Square, London
Mar 13 Friedrich Georg von Bunge a German legal historian. He was the older brother of botanist Alexander Bunge
Mar 18 Alfred-Auguste Cuvillier-Fleury a French historian and literary critic.
Mar 22 Raphael Kühner a German classical scholar.
Mar 24 Alexey Tarasovich Markov a Russian history painter, academician and Professor Emeritus at the Imperial Academy of Arts.
Mar 27 Charles-Mathias Simons a Luxembourgian politician and jurist. He was the third Prime Minister of Luxembourg, serving for seven years, from 1853 until 1860
Mar 27 Félix-Jacques Moulin a French photographer.
Mar 29 Johann Moritz Rugendas a German painter, famous for his works depicting landscapes and ethnographic subjects in several countries in the Americas, in the first half of the 19th century. Rugendas is also the subject of the 2000 novel by César Aira, An Episode in the Life of a Landscape Painter
Apr 1 William Sharpey a Scottish anatomist and physiologist.
Apr 4 Dorothea Dix an American activist on behalf of the indigent insane who, through a vigorous program of lobbying state legislatures and the United States Congress, created the first generation of American mental asylums. During the Civil War, she served as Superintendent of Army Nurses
Apr 9 Elias Lönnrot a Finnish physician, philologist and collector of traditional Finnish oral poetry. He is best known for compiling Kalevala, the national epic of Finland, from national folk tales that he gathered during several expeditions in Finland, Russian Karelia, the Kola Peninsula and Baltic countries
Apr 10 Johann Peter Lange a German Calvinist theologian of peasant origin.
Apr 13 Leopold Fitzinger an Austrian zoologist.
Apr 27 Louis Niedermeyer a composer chiefly of church music but also of a few operas, and a teacher who took over the École Choron, duly renamed École Niedermeyer, a school for the study and practice of church music, where several eminent French musicians studied including Gabriel Fauré and André Messager.
May 2 Heinrich Gustav Magnus a notable experimental scientist. His training was mostly in chemistry but his later research was mostly in physics. He spent the great bulk of his career at the University of Berlin, where he is remembered for his laboratory teaching as much as for his original research. He did not use his first given name, and was known throughout his life as Gustav Magnus
May 6 Wilhelm Schirmer a German landscape artist.
May 12 Jean-Baptiste Henri Lacordaire a French ecclesiastic, preacher, journalist and political activist. He re-established the Dominican Order in post-Revolutionary France
May 15 Isaac R. Trimble a United States Army officer, a civil engineer, a prominent railroad construction superintendent and executive, and a Confederate general in the American Civil War, most famous for his leadership role in the assault known as Pickett's Charge at the Battle of Gettysburg.
May 17 Miguel de San Román President of Peru for a brief period between 1862 and 1863.
May 20 Princess Emma of Anhalt-Bernburg-Schaumburg-Hoym a German princess. She was the Grandmother of the Dutch Queen Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont, who was named after her
May 20 David Octavius Hill a Scottish painter and arts activist. He formed Hill & Adamson studio with the engineer and photographer Robert Adamson between 1843 and 1847 to pioneer many aspects of photography in Scotland
May 24 Robert Baldwin Sullivan a Canadian lawyer, judge, and politician who became the 2nd Mayor of Toronto. He was also a member of the Orange Order in Canada
May 25 Johann Friedrich von Brandt a German naturalist.
Jun 2 Arend Friedrich August Wiegmann a German zoologist and herpetologist born in Braunschweig.
Jun 12 Harriet Martineau an English social theorist and Whig writer, often cited as the first female sociologist.