1803 in history

1803 events chronologically

Jan 1 Emperor Gia Long orders all bronze wares of the Tây Sơn Dynasty to be collected and melted into nine cannons for the Royal Citadel in Huế, Vietnam
Feb 24 In Marbury v. Madison, the Supreme Court of the United States establishes the principle of judicial review
Mar 1 Ohio is admitted as the 17th U.S. state
Apr 26 Thousands of meteor fragments fall from the skies of L'Aigle, France; the event convinces European science that meteors exist
Apr 30 Louisiana Purchase: The United States purchases the Louisiana Territory from France for $15 million, more than doubling the size of the young nation
May 18 Napoleonic Wars: The United Kingdom revokes the Treaty of Amiens and declares war on France
Jul 4 The Louisiana Purchase is announced to the American people

Top 7 most famous people born in 1803

May 12 Justus von Liebig a German chemist who made major contributions to agricultural and biological chemistry, and was considered the founder of organic chemistry. As a professor at the University of Giessen, he devised the modern laboratory-oriented teaching method, and for such innovations, he is regarded one of the greatest chemistry teachers of all time. He is considered the "father of the fertilizer industry" for his discovery of nitrogen as an essential plant nutrient, and his formulation of the Law of the Minimum which described the effect of individual nutrients on crops. He also developed a manufacturing process for beef extracts, and founded a company, Liebig Extract of Meat Company, that later trademarked the Oxo brand beef bouillon cube
May 25 Ralph Waldo Emerson an American essayist, lecturer, and poet, who led the Transcendentalist movement of the mid-19th century. He was seen as a champion of individualism and a prescient critic of the countervailing pressures of society, and he disseminated his thoughts through dozens of published essays and more than 1,500 public lectures across the United States
Sep 28 Prosper Mérimée a French dramatist, historian, archaeologist, and short story writer. He is perhaps best known for his novella Carmen, which became the basis of Bizet's opera Carmen
Oct 16 Robert Stephenson an early railway engineer. The only son of George Stephenson, the "Father of Railways", he built on the achievements of his father. Robert has been called the greatest engineer of the 19th century
Nov 29 Christian Doppler an Austrian mathematician and physicist. He is celebrated for his principle — known as the Doppler effect — that the observed frequency of a wave depends on the relative speed of the source and the observer. He used this concept to explain the color of binary stars
Dec 5 Fyodor Tyutchev generally considered the last of three great Romantic poets of Russia, following Alexander Pushkin and Mikhail Lermontov.
Dec 11 Hector Berlioz a French Romantic composer, best known for his compositions Symphonie fantastique and Grande messe des morts. Berlioz made significant contributions to the modern orchestra with his Treatise on Instrumentation. He specified huge orchestral forces for some of his works, and conducted several concerts with more than 1,000 musicians. He also composed around 50 songs. His influence was critical for the further development of Romanticism, especially in composers like Richard Wagner, Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, Franz Liszt, Richard Strauss, Gustav Mahler and many others

Top 7 most famous people died in 1803

Mar 14 Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock a German poet. His best known work is his epic poem Der Messias. His service to German literature was to open it up to exploration outside of French models
Mar 29 Gottfried van Swieten a diplomat, librarian, and government official who served the Austrian Empire during the 18th century. He was an enthusiastic amateur musician and is best remembered today as the patron of several great composers of the Classical era, including Joseph Haydn, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, and Ludwig van Beethoven
Apr 7 Toussaint Louverture the leader of the Haitian Revolution. His military genius and political acumen transformed an entire society of slaves into the independent state of Haiti. The success of the Haitian Revolution shook the institution of slavery throughout the New World
Sep 5 Pierre Choderlos de Laclos a French novelist, official and army general, best known for writing the epistolary novel Les Liaisons Dangereuses.
Oct 2 Samuel Adams an American statesman, political philosopher, and one of the Founding Fathers of the United States. As a politician in colonial Massachusetts, Adams was a leader of the movement that became the American Revolution, and was one of the architects of the principles of American republicanism that shaped the political culture of the United States. He was a second cousin to President John Adams
Oct 8 Vittorio Alfieri an Italian dramatist and poet, considered the "founder of Italian tragedy.".
Dec 18 Johann Gottfried Herder a German philosopher, theologian, poet, and literary critic. He is associated with the periods of Enlightenment, Sturm und Drang, and Weimar Classicism